· Refugees fleeing tensions in Burundi continue to arrive in Rwanda at a rate of more than 100 a day, with ongoing uncertainty at home carrying the risk of a return to peak rates of more than 1,000 arrivals a day seen at the start of the situation.
· Facilities at the main refugee camp for Burundians in Rwanda at Mahama are further expanding, with UNICEF part-funding new boreholes to tackle potential water shortages.
· The past weeks of civil unrest and response by the security forces have raised serious concerns regarding child rights violations. Children were repeatedly caught up in demonstrations either as active participants or simply by being in the wrong place at the wrong time.
· Security forces were indiscriminate in their violent response and as a result at least three children were killed, many injured and arrested.
· The five day humanitarian pause from 12-17 May enabled UNICEF and partners to reach 1.2 million people with safe drinking water and provide 1,750 pregnant women with antenatal care.
· UNICEF prepositioned and distributed health supplies for 400,000 people, nutrition supplies for 7,500 children and WASH supplies for nearly 85,000 people.
· During the humanitarian pause, 18,500 people including 11,500 children were reached with Psychosocial Support and/or Mine Risk Education.
The second earthquake of a magnitude of 7.3 on the Richter scale that struck Nepal on May 12 – which was a major aftershock of the earthquake of 25 April -- has worsened the living conditions of affected populations, particularly in the severely affected districts. This has also led to further destruction of educational facilities and health infrastructures especially in Dolakha and Sindupalchowk districts.
• UNICEF is supporting the installation of Sayam Forage refugee camp, hosting over 1,200 refugees, by providing squatting plates, water bladders, NFIs and recreational and ECD kits to UNHCR to ensure access to water and sanitation and support safe spaces for children as part of child protection.
UNICEF response to date
• A total of 14,549 children have been admitted to the community-based management of acute malnutrition (CMAM) programme, of which 1,437 children were admitted for treatment in IDP camps in Adamawa and Borno states. A Nutrition Specialist is on ground in Yobe to support the implementation of CMAM programmes in IDP camps.
· The first 32 refugees, fleeing war-torn Yemen, arrive on Somalia’s northern coastline, reversing a decades-old trend which saw Somalis seeking safety in Yemen.
· UNICEF provides multi-sectoral response to population displacement caused by fighting in Guri Ceel and Galgala; the response includes provision of nutritional supplies, educational supplies for the out-of-school children, WASH emergency supplies and Family Relief Kits.
• Conflict-affected people and communities are under severe strain. The Freedom of Movement Legislation is negatively affecting citizens on both sides of the contact line in accessing services and reuniting families.
• HIV/AIDS related needs in non-governmentcontrolled areas are of concern. There are reports of interruptions of antiretroviral treatment for children and adults in these territories, including for pregnant HIV positive women.
· In the week to 10 May 2015, weekly case incidence decreased to two, down from nine the previous week. Both the cases this week came from known contacts in quarantine homes in Western Area Urban (Freetown).
· Implementation of the UNICEF-supported Kambia Community Action Plan (KCAP) started with the primary objective of enhancing community ownership and engagement in one of the country’s last hotspot areas.
· The total number of confirmed cases of Ebola rose to 3,174 this week, according to WHO’s Epidemiological Situation Report. The total number of confirmed, suspected and probable cases increased to 3,597.
· The number of confirmed deaths from Ebola rose to 1,977, with a total of 2,392 confirmed, suspected and probable deaths.
Résumé de la crise :
Le samedi 19 avril 2015 aux environs de 18h00, un vent violent suivi d’une forte pluie ont causé des dégâts importants dans 3 quartiers (Mayenga, Tumba et N’Sele) de l’agglomération de Kwilu Ngongo avec un bilan de 166 maisons complètement écroulées et 63 maisons avec toitures emportées, laissant 1074 personnes sans-abris (Cfr bulletin d’Information de la Croix-Rouge datant du 21 avril).
UNICEF Iraq Monthly IDP Crisis Sitrep
1 – 30 April 2015
· Since the end of March, 151,008 individuals were newly displaced or newly identified, bringing the total population of IDPs as of 30 April, to 2.83 million individuals across 3,387 distinct locations in Iraq.
The Sector continued to provide safe drinking water, improved sanitation and hygiene promotion to Syrian refugees in nine permanent camps in KR-I, and Al Obaidi camp in Anbar, reaching about 93,000 refugees this month. The Sector will endeavor to upgrade, construct additional facilities to meet gaps before the end of the year, funds permitting.
SANA’A, 17 May, 2015 – UNICEF is distributing critical humanitarian aid for hundreds of thousands of children and affected civilians across Yemen during a five day humanitarian pause. Despite reports of heavy fighting in certain parts of the country, lifesaving supplies are reaching hospitals, health centres, affected communities and displaced people. These include medicine for childhood illnesses like diarrhea and acute respiratory infections, nutrition supplies, midwifery and hygiene kits and water tanks.
Il y a quelques mois, nous avions publié un article de blog expliquant comment l’UNICEF aidait à lutter contre Ebola dans les pays affectés. De nombreux progrès ont été faits depuis – le Libéria a récemment atteint zéro cas – nous voulions donc vous informer de tout le travail qui a été – et qui continue d’être – fait.
1. La collaboration avec les communautés
• 7,085 children now have access to temporary learning spaces in Shefa and Tafea provinces.
• 14,718 early childhood and primary school children have received learning materials and school supplies.
• At least 90 per cent of primary school children at functioning schools on Tanna Island have returned to school.
• 98 per cent of targeted children aged 6 months to 5 years in Shefa, Sanma and Tafea provinces have been vaccinated against measles.
• UNICEF played an active role in the Bangui forum, which took place on 4 - 11 May and represents a major milestone towards peace, national reconciliation and social cohesion in CAR. The forum culminated in the agreement of all armed groups in CAR to release children from their groups.
• The CAR government announced the closure of the Mpoko IDP site by the end of May. This site hosts over 18,000 IDPs. UNICEF will support WASH, Health and Education intervention in relocation of these 18,000 IDPs to the new site sites.
· Despite the challenging operating conditions, UNICEF is scaling up its humanitarian response. Since the start of the current conflict, UNICEF has provided 604,360 people with access to clean water and 16,662 families with hygiene kits; 3,386 pregnant women have had access to antenatal, delivery and postnatal care; and 38,000 people have been reached through communication for development messages on health, hygiene and protection.