On 12 August, the Government of Ethiopia launched the revision of the joint Government and partners’ Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD). The revised HRD estimates that 9.7 million people in Ethiopia will be in need of emergency food assistance until the end of the year. This is a decrease from the 10.2 million people estimated at the beginning of the year. Similarly, the estimated number of children that require treatment for severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in 2016 decreased from 458,000 to 420,000.
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) in Southern Africa
The impact of the drought in Southern Africa on WASH is already observed in places where the drought has been more acute and where WASH coverage was already low.
Only 61 per cent of the region’s population has access to safe drinking water and 39 per cent have access to adequate sanitation facilities.
Approximately 6.4 million people (including 3.2 million children) in the seven priority countries have reduced access to safe water as a direct result of the El Niño drought.
By Maher Ghafari
Meet Maher. Maher is in Syria and for almost two years he has led UNICEF’s water, sanitation and hygiene work in Aleppo. The lives of millions of people in Aleppo and beyond depend on him and his team.
This week, we sat down with Maher and asked him what it’s like to work in Aleppo and to provide water and sanitation in a city under fire.
What is it like working in Aleppo?
Overview on Education in Emergencies (EiE) in Sudan 2016
North and Central Darfur
The gap in education is still very high with some 3,400 school aged children identified as being in need of learning facilities in Sortony, North Darfur following their recent displacement from Jebel Marra. This translates to 68 temporary classrooms alongside teaching and learning related materials. The government approval for construction of these classrooms was granted after advocacy by UNICEF, sector partners and the Ministry of Education.
1.1 Food security situation
Overall food security classification shows that half of the population in Karamoja (50%) is food insecure, of which 12% were found to be severely food insecure. While these findings suggest a marginal increase in food insecurity at regional (Karamoja) level since June 2015, there were marked district level variations:
Significant deterioration in Kaabong, Kotido, Napak & Abim districts;
Marked improvement in Moroto & Nakapiripirit districts;
Le Mécanisme de Réponse Rapide (RRM) est un outil mis à la disposition de la communauté humanitaire pour garantir une veille humanitaire, réaliser des évaluations multisectorielles et intervenir en NFI et WASH lorsque les capacités nécessaires ne sont pas disponibles sur place. Actuellement le RRM est rendu possible grâce au soutien du: CERF, Danemark, Irlande, Canada, European Commission’s Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection Department (ECHO), Global Thematic, OFDA et SIDA.
The Rapid Response Mechanism (RRM) is designed to monitor humanitarian action, conduct multisector assessments and intervene in NFI and WASH when there is no capacity on site. Currently RRM is made possible through the generous support of the CERF, Denmark, Ireland, Canada, European Commission’s Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection Department (ECHO), Global Thematic, OFDA and SIDA. All RRM products are available on the Humanitarian Response portal.
By Basma Ourfali and Yasmine Saker
Renewed fighting in Aleppo has put children at risk, with schools coming under attack in recent weeks. The 1070 intermediary school for girls was built by UNICEF in 2013 and provided a respite for displaced children in the neighbourhood. But after heavy bombardments on 31 July, students fled and never returned.
On August 15th, a strong storm accompanied by heavy rains hit Laayoune Camp, one of the 5 Sahrawi refugees’ camps near the city of Tindouf in South-Western Algeria. The storm affected the refugee population, of which 70-80% are children and women. 11 people were injured by collapsing houses and taken to hospital.
UN agencies led by UNHCR conducted a rapid assessment on 16-17 August, in collaboration with the NGOs, and coordinated with the Sahrawi Red Crescent.
• As of 22 July, there were 3,369,252 people displaced across 105 districts and 3,823 locations in Iraq, increased by 1 per cent since 22 June. In addition there are 796,758 returnees, with significant numbers in Salah al Din, Anbar, Diyala, and Ninewa governorates. Overall, the figure increased by 6 per cent within the same period. At least 47 per cent of these are children under 18.
More than 50% of the 240 children identified as missing, separated, or unaccompanied since the start of the Juba crisis have been successfully reunited with their families.
407 cholera cases have been treated at UNICEF-supported Oral Rehydration Points, with 100 cases referred to the Cholera Treatment Centre (CTC) for further treatment.
Schools in UN House are operating normally; 3,016 children (46% girls) attended classes at Hope Primary School on 16 August. However, lack of space remains an issue in Tomping.
by Kent Page
Controlling the spread of the Zika virus is an urgent challenge throughout Brazil and in many areas of Latin America and the Caribbean. When the city of Campina Grande was figuring out how to stop the proliferation of the Aedes aegypti mosquito, the main vector of the virus, they found an answer in the local schools.
CAMPINA GRANDE, Paraíba State, Brazil – “I told him that I thought I might have a solution,” says Iolanda Barbosa, Secretary of Education in Campina Grande, the capital city of Paraíba State in north-east Brazil.
As of 30 June 2016, UNICEF treated 68,295 SAM children (6-59 months), provided access to formal and non-formal education to 48,212 crisis affected children, organized community level mine risk activities for 59,078 people, provided access to safe water to 28,900 crisis affected population in the North and contributed to reach more than 500,000 people through polio vaccination campaign in northern regions.
• So far this year some 266,000 people crossed the Mediterranean. Although refugees and migrants continue using the Eastern Mediterranean route, in July Italy registered 10 times more arrivals than Greece.
• Children make up 31 per cent of all refugees and migrants who have arrived by sea in 2016, and around 45 per cent of those stranded in south-east Europe. In addition, out of the 1,886,000 first time asylum applications, registered in Europe during the last 18 months, 43 per cent (or some 810,000 applications) were for children.
LUANDA, 18 August 2016 – The low coverage of water and sanitation in the primary schools of Angola is due primarily to lack of investment. This finding was made in a study, which diagnosed the conditions of this sector in 600 primary schools in 6 provinces under the ‘Child Friendly Schools’ project.
UNICEF delivers 430 family hygiene kits and $35,000USD to the Government of Belize for humanitarian assistance.
All shelters were closed on Friday, 12 August 2016 so there are no remaining people in shelters but many families are placed in temporary homes, rent free, for 2-3 months.
UNICEF Belize along with PAHO/WHO continues to strengthen the WASH coordination mechanisms and is in close communication with the government and other partners to identify potential areas of support.
Three out of every four children in Tanzania experience poverty, according to the report Child Poverty in Tanzania which was launched 11 August 2016 by the Deputy Minister of Finance and Planning, the Hon. Dr. Ashatu Kijaji, at the Mwalimu Nyerere International Conference Centre in Dar es Salaam.
3.7 million people are directly affected by the monsoon flooding in northern and central Bangladesh that claimed around 100 lives; of which 64 % is children
A Humanitarian Response Plan of US$ 13.6 million to assist 130,965 affected people has been released by the Humanitarian Country Team; UNICEF requires US$ 2.3 million and current funding gap is 98%.
The UN and its partners have conducted a workshop to develop a multisectoral emergency response plan to respond to the needs of children and their families affected by the ongoing fighting between the so called Islamic State (IS) and the Government of National Accord led forces in Sirte. Approximately 120,000 people are affected by the conflict with an estimated 60 per cent (72,000 people) in need of some kind of humanitarian assistance and protection; of those, 32,000 are children.