Nepal continues to struggle from the combined effects of chronic food insecurity and undernutrition, high rates of poverty and an uncertain poilitical transition following the 10 year conflict. In April and May 2015, Nepal was hit by two major earthquakes. The Kathmandu Valley and parts of the mid-hill areas remain subject to aftershocks.
By Azamat Sabirov, Red Crescent Society of Kyrgyzstan
Gulbaira Askarova, a 44-year-old mother of four children, lost her husband five years ago. Now, she has lost her home to the magnitude 6.7 earthquake which struck the Osh province of Kyrgyzstan at 11.30pm on 17 November.
Askarova, from Kakyr village of Ozgon district, is one of 4,000 families affected. "When the earthquake struck, I grabbed my children and ran out of the shaking house," she says. "I remember thinking that I don’t want my children to become complete orphans."
Somalia: Flooding has affected 132,000 people and displaced an estimated 60,000 as low-lying areas of Mogadishu have now been inundated, as well as areas of Middle Shabelle and Lower Juba. Main supply roads are impassable and some airstrips unusable The middle and lower reaches of the Shabelle River remain at high risk of flooding.
Over the past year we have grown our income in a crowded and competitive market. We have had to absorb some cuts to our funding from DFAT as part of the Government’s austerity measures. We want to thank those supporters, including our President, who advocated strenuously on our behalf to reduce the severity of those cuts. It has also been a busy year as we have steadily prepared for our five yearly re-accreditation with DFAT, and welcomed an expanded membership.
• Approximately 88% of assessments (of the estimated 1,632 affected villages) are complete. IOM assessment of the data collected will facilitate gap analysis.
• Verified reports indicate: 117 fatalities; 544 people injured; 12,794 homes damaged and 7,384 houses destroyed.
• Assessments indicate 136,967 people are in need of humanitarian assistance, of which 131,345 people have received some form of assistance so far.
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The remote village of Fyakse, in the Dhading district of Nepal, was hit hard by the two major earthquakes which struck the country in April and May. OpUSA staff visited the village in July of this year, and we have since decided to focus our relief and long-term recovery efforts in the area. As educational recovery has been deemed a top priority, Operation USA will work with villagers and partners to rebuild a school and assist in re-establishing educational programs.
On 25 April, a 7.8 magnitude earthquake struck Nepal causing severe destruction in 14 out of the 75 districts in the country. Two weeks later, on 12 May, another quake of 7.3 magnitude hit, worsening the humanitarian situation. A total of 8,891 people were confirmed dead, 605,254 houses destroyed and 288,255 houses damaged. During the height of the emergency, some 188,900 people were temporarily displaced.
Programme summary: Since the January 2010 earthquake, when 1.5 million Haitians were displaced from their homes, there has been a 94 percent decrease in the number of internally displaced persons and a 93 per cent reduction in the number of sites or camps still housing displaced populations.
A powerful earthquake rocks Northeastern Afghanistan on 26 October, killing 115 and injuring 524.
Fatalities and injuries were highest in Kunar and Nangarhar; property damage was most extensive in Badakshan
Significant need has emerged for emergency shelter solutions over the winter.
Afghan culture of hospitality has enhanced resilience and the capacity for communities to cope.
CHF and CERF funds released to address urgent needs related to the earthquake.
Yemen: 14.4 million people are now food insecure: two million more than in June and four million more than before the escalation of conflict in March. 7.6 million people are severely food insecure. Heavy fighting continues, in particular in Al Dhalee and Taizz governorates. Peace talks between Houthi and government representatives, which were expected to begin mid-November, are yet to take place.
Six months after the Nepal earthquakes, the frequency of aftershocks has decreased, and the country has slowly begun to move towards recovery and reconstruction. However, given the enormity of the impact and damages inflicted, the road towards recovery and reconstruction for Nepal is going to be a very tough and long one. The upcoming winter will add more challenges to the affected people, many of whom continue to live in makeshift shelters.
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