Snapshot 9–14 April 2015
Afghanistan: Security incidents have spiked in early April, after the announcement that more NATO troops would remain in the country than originally scheduled. NATO convoys were targeted in Nangarhar and Kabul on 10 April. On the same day, five NGO staff were found dead, having been abducted in Uruzgan province in early March.
Maghreb & Middle East
Snapshot 1–8 April 2015
Iraq: Violence, looting and serious human rights violations were reported as Iraqi forces and affiliated groups recaptured Tikrit. There are numerous booby traps and tensions are reportedly rising between government forces and militias. Elsewhere, IDPs are returning: tens of thousands have gone home to Diyala, Ninewa and Al Alam in Salah al Din since February.
Snapshot 25–31 March 2015
Ukraine: Fears are growing of a new offensive in Mariupol, as non-government troops appear to be gathering nearby. A recent assessment has found that more than 1.6 million people need humanitarian assistance, nearly 1.1 million of whom are in non-government-controlled areas. 20–30% of IDPs are at risk of losing their status and benefits, due to a new mechanism to verify the addresses of IDPs.
This issue focuses on the important theme of 'Understanding Drought in India'. India's over dependence on rainfed agriculture and the increasing variability of monsoons due to climate change underscore the importance of understanding the varied impacts of droughts in the country. Since the impacts of droughts are manifold, this issue focuses on the various aspects of droughts such as their incidence, typology, impacts on agriculture and other means of livelihood along with the plight of persons with disabilities (PwDs) living under drought conditions.
2. Objective of the exercise: “Rights in Crisis Analysis”
by Ravi Wickremasinghe
Every minute of every day a child dies from an illness we know how prevent and treat – diarrhoea.
In the 21st century that just shouldn’t be happening. It’s high time we ended this appalling loss of life.
Today, in Delhi, Save the Children launched a ground-breaking partnership with our global partner RB (formerly Reckitt Benckiser) to help do exactly that.
Snapshot 18-24 March 2015
Syria: The Government carried out over 10,000 airstrikes between October and March, dropping more than 5,300 barrel bombs and killing almost 2,200 civilians. A chlorine attack on 16 March in Idleb killed six people.
(MissionNewswire) Every year since 1993, the international community celebrates World Water Day on March 22, focusing attention on the importance of safe, clean water while advocating for the sustainable management of freshwater resources. The day also serves as a reminder of the global population who suffer from water related issues and a call to action to prepare for management of water in the future.
By David Michel and Ricky Passarelli:
Global threats transcend national borders and force actors to seek concrete solutions to common challenges. On the major transnational dangers of our day – conflict, climate change, weapons and beyond – Stimson seeks solutions that will work now and in the years to come. This Spotlight is the first in a series focusing on Stimson’s work around the world to address the major transnational security challenges of our time. - Editor's Note
Snapshot 11–17 March 2015
Vanuatu: 24 people are confirmed dead so far after Tropical Cyclone Pam hit on 13 March. Shefa, Tafea, Malampa, and Penama are among the worst affected provinces. Access challenges are significant.
Cameroon: The number of people internally displaced in the north has almost doubled since 10 February, to 117,000. This brings the number of displaced in Cameroon to an estimated 412,700, including 66,000 fleeing Boko Haram violence in Nigeria and the rest from the Central African Republic.
Iraq: 26,000 people have fled fighting between Islamic State and Iraqi security forces in Tikrit for Samarra. Food, shelter, health and WASH needs are priorities. More than 100 families have arrived in Al Dour, located between Tikrit and Samarra, and thousands have fled to central and southern governorates.
South Sudan: Heavy fighting between government and opposition was reported in Upper Nile state, and government troops took control of Wadakona town. Many civilians are reported trapped. Peace talks have collapsed.
A. Situation analysis
A.1 Description of the disaster
The southwest monsoon was vigorous across India in early September, triggering floods and affecting more than three million people across the country, with over 1,000 people dead. The states of Assam, Bihar, Meghalaya, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, and J&K are amongst the worst affected. The response by various governmental agencies at national and state level was swift, with deployment of search and rescue teams, food distributions, temporary shelter, health and cash support.
India’s status as the world leader in poor sanitation is deplorable. It may come as a surprise to many that African countries like Rwanda and Malawi have dealt with the issue of open defecation in a better manner compared to India. 70% of rural Indians, that is around 550 million people answer nature’s call out in the open. Life in urban India may not be as arduous as it is in the villages, but 13% of the population in towns and cities defecate in the open. 
Afghanistan: Heavy snowfall has caused avalanches in northern, central and eastern Afghanistan; 280 people have died. Panshir province is most affected. Communication lines have been disrupted in places, power supplies to Kabul have been cut. Priority needs are for NFIs and emergency shelter; access to isolated areas is difficult.
Greetings from Sphere India
It was our immerse pleasure to release the 8th Edition of Sphere India Monthly Newsletter. This issue covers the information from mid of December, 2014 to 15th January, 2015 which includes the key note message from EFICOR, news from member organizations, government and IAGs on their key activities, recent event of Humanitarian Network for Quality and Accountability in India, Sphere India programme news, case studies-innovations and miscellaneous section.
Snapshot 18-24 February 2015
Myanmar: 90,000 people are now reported to have been displaced by continuing violence between government troops and multiple armed groups in Kokang, Shan state. Aid organisations have been subject to attack – seven people were wounded in two separate incidents.
Mediation Can Prevent, Resolve Natural Resources Disputes New UN Guide Launched
Drawing on decades of experience in the field of mediation of natural resource conflicts, the Guide provides best practices and strategies for mediating different types of resource conflicts.