A. SITUATION IN ASSAM
Monsoon this year has been uneven across the country as some states witnessed deficient rain while some saw more.
In Marathwada, it rained 50 percent less than average. Maharashtra Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis is on a visit to Marathwada and steps being taken to provide relief to farmers.
In the last 10 days, monsoon deficit in India has increased by 3%. According to the Met dept, there are 12 states and regions where monsoon has been at least 20% below normal.
1. Executive Summary
1. Executive Summary
These updates cover emergencies Oxfam is currently responding to around the world, although please note they don’t intend to be comprehensive.
Fighting on the ground is spreading throughout the country. Air strikes are continuing and more and more civilians are losing their lives to land mines.
Snapshot 25 August–1 September 2015
Papua New Guinea: 1.8 million people have been affected by prolonged dry spell and frost in the Highlands region; 1.3 million are reported to be most at risk. Crops have been destroyed, and several chools and health facilities have been closed due to water shortages. The affected population is reported to be resorting to less reliable sources of drinking water.
At the end of July, South Asia witnessed some of the worst flooding seen in decades. Myanmar, Pakistan, Bangladesh and India have seen hundreds killed and millions affected. The worst affected area is Myanmar, where even before the flooding, over half the population did not have enough to eat. Myanmar Country Director, Shihab Uddin Ahamad, updates us on what the situation is like on the ground and how he and his staff are helping the people worst affected by this crisis.
Over one-third of the 2.5 billion people worldwide who do not have access to improved sanitation live in India. Nearly 69 per cent of the population practise open defecation. Typically, the government of India’s national sanitation schemes have focused on building more latrines for reducing open defecation, health-related illness and child malnutrition.
Snapshot 11 August – 25 August 2015
Haiti: Insecurity has increased since legislative elections. Violence and intimidation were reported at many polling stations and a second round of voting is planned, following low voter turnout. Food security has deteriorated as a result of prolonged drought conditions since the beginning of 2015: poor households in Sud, Sud-Est, Nord-Est and Artibonite will remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food security outcomes through December. Recent cholera rates are triple those of the comparable time period in 2014.
1. Executive Summary
Can understanding how people perceive sanitation help achieve sustainable access to sanitation in cities?
The increasingly urban nature of the global sanitation crisis presents a vital challenge to research, policy and practice, indeed to anyone concerned with more just cities. But we are only beginning to understand both the dimensions of the problems and the possible solutions.
How much water do you need to survive? How many people don't have access to water? And what does that mean, anyway? These aren't questions we usually ask ourselves, even if magazines or tube announcements constantly remind us to 'stay hydrated'. But it's World Water Week, and everyone is talking about water. Here are four top facts you need to know about water, and how ActionAid is helping communities gain access to it.
By Rosemarie North, IFRC
The floods came as a huge shock to people in drought-prone parts of Gujarat, India.
“They usually pray for rain. But this was the worst flooding in three generations,” says Suresh Gami, an Indian Red Cross Society first medical responder.
Most people here live in mud brick houses not built to withstand heavy rain. In one case, two families decided to shelter in a house that collapsed on them, killing nine people.
A. SITUATION IN ASSAM
Due to continuous heavy rainfall in Assam, the water in the rivers has crossed danger level at Brahmaputra at Nematighat (Jorhat), Tezpur (Sonitpur), Dhubri, Jia Bharali at N.T. Road Xing (Sonitpur), Puthimari at N.T. Road Xing (Kamrup), Manas at NH road Xing (Barpeta), Sankosh at Golokganj (Dhubri) and Kushiyara at karimganj (Karimganj). Flood situation has affected 19 districts. As per IMD weather warning, there will be heavy rainfall at isolated places on today (i.e. 22.08.15), 25.08.15 and 26.08.15
A rapid assessment launched after Cyclone Komen reports that a total of 2.6 million people affected, with Sathkia, Chittagong and Noakhali districts the worst affected. Nearly 220,000 households are in need of emergency assistance, the vast majority of whom require immediate food assistance. An estimated US$6.3 million is required to cover the needs and proposals were sent to donors.
2.6 million people affected
Incessant rain for more than a week in the hills and plains, and the ever rising of the water level of Sengvai River in the State of Manipur has been the cause of concern for communities, especially in Chandel and Thoubal Districts that were badly affected.
From the 9 Districts that State of Manipur has, 5 are located in the hills and 4 in the valley. The recent flood and landslide affected mainly 6 districts and approximately more than 155 villages only in Chandel district.
The field assessment carried out in the affected villages found that:
Over 200 people dead and around 10 million people affected in West Bengal, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Manipur and Odisha.
According to media reports, the number of deaths and people affected is the highest in the state of West Bengal. As per Disaster Management Department (DMD) officials the death toll caused in the flood affected areas of West Bengal has increased to 125.
Snapshot 12 August –18 August 2015
Yemen: The humanitarian situation in Yemen continues to deteriorate. 1.4 million people have become displaced since conflict escalated in March – a 12% increase since early July. Fuel shortages and access issues continue to affect provision of health services. 23% of Yemen’s health facilities are either partially funtional or non-functional.
- Monsoon rains continue to cause severe flooding across Burma
- Floodwaters move southward, resulting in new displacement in Ayeyarwady and Bago regions
- USAID provides $4.5 million to support relief efforts