A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Heavy rainfall along Guyana’s coastal regions during the period of Wednesday, 15 July and Thursday, 16 July 2015 has resulted in increased water levels in rivers and canals. Regions #3 and #4 are the most affected regions with flooding in several communities, in yards and homes in some instances.
UN Security Council Resolution 2139
On 22 February 2014, the Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution 2139 which, among other aspects demands that all parties allow rapid, safe and unhindered access by UN humanitarian agencies and their implementing partners to people in need. Humanitarian assistance is to be delivered by the most direct route whether across borders or across conflict lines.
UN Security Council Resolution 2165/2191
Through the unanimous adoption of resolution 2191 (2014), the UN Security Council decided that United Nations agencies and humanitarian partners could continue until 10 January 2016 with notification to the Syrian authorities, to use the border crossings at Bab al-Salam, Bab al-Hawa, Al Yarubiyah and Al-Ramtha in addition to those already in use as originally authorized by resolution 2165 (2014). It also renewed the mandate of the Monitoring Mechanism created by that resolution in order to ensure compliance.
As of July 31, the death toll from the recent floods has risen to 86 with 60 persons injured. Over 2 200 houses have been damaged, more than 800 villages and more than 800 000 people (according to NDMA & PDMAs calculations) are affected so far, mainly in KP & Punjab provinces where disease outbreaks are also reported.
Mandalay, 31 July — Social organizations, concerned citizens and the Mandalay Region government recently provided cash and emergency supplies to flood evacuees at relief camps in NyaungU,
Singu, Madaya, Thabeikkyin and Mogok townships, where heavy rains have caused flash flooding since 24 July.
The region government donated cash and relief supplies worth more than K133 million, including construction materials.
Another high flood discharge peak is currently being experienced at Taunsa Barrage on River Indus. The same is now heading towards Guddu and Sukkur Barrages, already experiencing high flood levels.
1. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (Chitral)
a. NDMA transported 15 Tons of Ration, one ton of mineral water bottles, hundred thousand aqua tab (Water Purification Tablets) through two C130 aircrafts of PAF.
b. 80 stranded persons / tourists were also evacuated by NDMA with the help of PAF.
c. Bridge on Dir Chitral Road N45, kept open with the assistance of NHA from the first day.
d. MD, Utility Stores Corporation was assisted in his move to Chitral on specific direction of Prime Minister and also for further coordination with Army authorities.
At the invitation of the Government of the Philippines I conducted an official visit between 21 and 31 July 2015. At the outset I would like to sincerely thank the Government of the Philippines for its cooperation with my mandate during the preparation and conduct of my visit.
As at 29 July 2015, Kakuma had received 46,315 asylum seekers from South Sudan. The transit centre has been temporary closed due to insecurity at the border.
Description of the Disaster
On 14 July 2015 Rio Grande Do Sul Civil Defence declared an emergency at the municipal level, reporting floods in several cities. The Uruguay River’s water levels reached 13.57 meters, whose average levels are barely five or six meters. This is the result of intense rainfall in the region which caused the overflowing of the Gravataí and Arrollo Sapucaya Du So rivers and floods that affected homes, roads and shops in these three States.
Despite international protests, the Dominican Republic has decided to declare the citizenships of over 200.000 Haitian immigrants ‘void’. This means that they will have to leave the country, or risk deportation from 1 August onwards. With nowhere to go and the Haitian government unable to provide for the returnees, a refugee crisis is looming. Jan Voordouw and Dominique Pierre Lenz of the Cordaid Haiti office traveled to the border between the two countries to assess the situation.
IDPs high on the agenda
Syria: Household-level study assesses critical humanitarian needs in Aleppo
The conflict in Syria which broke out in 2011 spread to the Aleppo Governorate almost a year later in early 2012. As a result of ongoing fighting, Aleppo- the largest city in Syria- has become fractured between a regime-held “western” section and an opposition-controlled “eastern” section. In March 2015, REACH conducted a household-level humanitarian needs assessment within eastern Aleppo, with a focus on food security and livelihoods.
These updates cover emergencies Oxfam is currently responding to around the world, although please note they don’t intend to be comprehensive.
Maghreb & Middle East
Since the scale up of the conflict in March, nearly 25,000 additional people are going hungry each day in Yemen as the blockade and fighting restrict food, fuel and other vital supplies. One in two people – nearly 13 million people – are now struggling to find enough to eat, and half of them are on the brink of starvation.