A fire swept through "Baw Du Pha 2" Muslim IDP camp in rural Sittwe in Rakhine State today just after 9:00am. The cause of the fire is being investigated by the authorities. Initial reports indicate that it is likely it was an accident resulting from a cooking fire.
Yangon, Myanmar | AFP | Tuesday 5/3/2016 - 09:41 GMT
A major fire on Tuesday damaged or destroyed the homes of nearly 450 Rohingya Muslim families living in a camp for people displaced by 2012 communal fighting in western Myanmar.
The charred remains of wooden shelters and twisted metal roofs were visible through a thick haze of smoke after the fire broke out in the early morning, a stark reminder of dire living conditions for over 100,000 Rohingya confined to bleak camps in Rahkine state.
MINBYA TOWNSHIP, Myanmar, May 2 (UNHCR) – Being able to sit once more in a bright and airy room – and in her own home – makes a welcome change for Amina.*
She and her family were among 145,000 people displaced during inter-communal violence in Myanmar's western Rakhine state four years ago. Around 20,000 homes were destroyed, Amina's among them.
Last year she was among some 25,000 of the internally displaced people, or IDPs, who were able to leave their temporary shelters and rebuild their homes themselves – through a process led by the Myanmar Government.
MYANMAR According to the Relief and Resettlement Department (RRD), over 58,000 people have been affected and 21 people killed by strong winds, hail and heavy rains in various parts of the country since 19 April. The severe weather destroyed 1,900 houses and damaged a further 20,000 homes. Authorities are continuing to validate the impact of the disaster. The RRD is providing cash assistance and relief items to households whose homes were destroyed or damaged.
Since mid-April fighting between the Myanmar Military and the Arakan Army has displaced approximately 1,100 people in Buthidaung, Rathedaung and Kyaktaw townships in Rakhine State. Those displaced are primarily staying in schools and a smaller number with relatives.
The number of forcibly displaced people (refugees and internally displaced people) has continued to rise alarmingly in 2015 and 2016, calling for increased humanitarian assistance worldwide.
Following the 6.5 and 7.3 magnitude earthquakes which struck Kumamoto Prefecture on 14 and 16 April, an estimated 60,000 people remain in more than 600 evacuation centres. With the resumption of basic services, the number of the evacuees has decreased from 112,100 people last week. The Government has secured apartment units for 8,350 households as temporary accommodation. On 22 April, the Republic of Korea delivered food, bottled water and blankets, by sending two military aircraft to Kumamoto Airport.
Highlights 1-31 March 2016
Bangladesh: During March, IOM provided return assistance, including food and onward transportation, to 40 Bangladeshis returning from Indonesia and Thailand. There were no minors among these returnees. To date, IOM has provided return assistance to 2,607 Bangladeshis
Syria: In recent weeks, clashes between Islamic State and other non-government forces over the border area between Turkey and Syria have intensified. IDPs in camps located along the border are at risk: over 35,000 have fled the area since 14 April and are in need of protection. Additional displacement is likely.
AMOUNT: EUR 21 400 000
- MAJOR CHANGES SINCE PREVIOUS VERSION OF THE HIP
Second modification as from 08.03.2016: Fiji - Tropical Cyclone Winston:
Tropical Cyclone Winston made landfall in Fiji on 20 February, causing loss of lives and significant damage to shelter, agriculture and infrastructure across its path. The Fiji Government estimates that close to 350 000 people living in the cyclone’s path were affected; 42 people have been confirmed dead and close to 40 000 people remain in evacuation centres.
118,084 people remain displaced across 39 camps/camp like settings as a result of two spates of violence/burning of houses in 2012. 20% decrease in IDP population during last year.
Cyclone Komen and flooding in August 2015 resulted in severe damage to over 13,000 houses.
2012-2013: Emergency shelter response for 140,000 persons (see images above/top left & right).
Heavy rains caused floods in several parts of Myanmar since June 2015. It’s even worse that Cyclone Komen made landfall, bringing strong winds and additional heavy rains to the country for several weeks, which resulted in widespread flooding across 12 of the country’s 14 states. More than 1.7 million people were affected and 840,000 acres of paddy fields were destroyed, where farmlands in six states including Rakhine, Ayeyarwady, Bago, Sagaing, Magway and Yangon were severely damaged. Experts forecasted the floods would cause a decline of rice production by 2 million tonnes.
Iraq: The humanitarian situation in besieged Fallujah continues to deteriorate. Supply lines have been cut off since December, when government forces surrounded the city. Islamic State is reportedly preventing people from leaving. Prices of basic food stuffs are 500% above December prices for the third consecutive month. Acute shortages of food, medicine and fuel, as well as cases of starvation and suicide, have been reported.
IDPs in camps in Rakhine State urgently need repairs to their shelters ahead of the rainy season
Dry season water shortages in Rakhine State
Thousands displaced following renewed clashes in northern Shan State in February and March
Majority of people in flood evacuation sites have now been resettled, but over 3,000 remain displaced
Major assessment by FAO and WFP shows that food security and livelihoods are still at risk following 2015 floods
The ICRC as a neutral, impartial and independent humanitarian organizazion continues to help those affected by the armed conflict, other situations of violence and natural disasters where it has an operationel presence. Wherever possible, activites are carried out with its partner, the Myanmar Red Cross Society (MRCS).
Below is an overview of the ICRC's work in Myanmar during 2015.
Snapshot 31 March–5 April 2016
Syria: The most serious violation of the cessation of hostilities occurred on 2 April around Aleppo, when fighting broke out between government forces and non-government forces. In addition, eight of 18 besieged areas were not reached by humanitarian assistance in February and March, including around 250,000 people in Darayya and Eastern Ghouta in Rural Damascus.
The MIMU 3W gathers inputs from participating agencies on Who is doing What, Where, across Myanmar. This exercise is currently conducted every 6 months, gathering information on agencies' activities at village/township level (MIMU Village level 3W) as well as in IDP camps (MIMU camp 3W).
Beginning on 4 April, heavy rain from two tropical disturbances continues to fall on communities affected by Tropical Cyclone Winston where thousands of people are still reliant on transitional shelter. Low-lying villages were evacuated. In the north and west of the country, roads were cut and schools closed. The Cyclone Winston response is moving into the early recovery phase. Priorities include providing permanent shelter and water and sanitation for 350,000 people. Some 800,000 planting materials were distributed
Snapshot 23–30 March 2016
South Sudan: Between 20,000 and 50,000 people are now reported to have been displaced in Wau county, Western Bahr el Ghazal, since fighting escalated in February. Houses have been looted and burned and there are reports of killings and rape in the area around Wau town. At least 8,000 people are sheltering in public buildings or with host communities in Mboro town: food, water and shelter are priority needs.