BIBAK TOP: With the completion of the final phase of the operation Zarb-i-Azb in Shawal, the army has shifted its focus to the repatriation of internally displaced persons (IDPs), which will be initiated very soon in order to end by December, said senior military officers.
Eighty per cent of the displaced population will be back in their homes in North and South Waziristan by September, said an officer while briefing the media on Friday.
By Majda Shabbir, IFRC Pakistan
For Gul Bibi and the other residents of Chittabatta and Gulhatra Villages in Mansehra District, clean water has always been a luxury. All her life, Gul Bibi had to walk for hours to reach the mountain top spring far from her village, just to get a pitcher of drinking water. Now, she gazes contentedly at the many containers sitting in her courtyard, filled with clean water. The rehabilitation of two water supply schemes has meant that about 2,800 people in these villages now receive clean water at their doorsteps.
IOM continues to assist the people and Government of Pakistan by supporting communities affected by natural disasters together with regular programmes focusing on migration management, migration health, disaster preparedness, and resettlement movements and community stabilization implemented in coordination with other development and humanitarian counterparts.
From 14 to 16 April 2016, a mission including the Humanitarian Coordinator and OCHA Head of Office (o.i.c) conducted a two-day visit to Kurram Agency. The team visited New Durrani camp, recently denotified areas of Central Kurram and villages where returns took place two years ago to gain a better understanding of the immediate humanitarian needs of returned IDPs.
WFP continues relief food assistance to displaced and returnee populations in the country’s north-west, complemented by livelihoods, nutrition and education support.
Reduced donor prioritization for Pakistan due to ongoing emergencies in the region has had implication on WFP in terms of resource mobilization.
Since January 2016, Memoranda of Understanding have been signed between WFP and the Governments of Sindh, Balochistan, Punjab and FATA for the implementation of WFP’s new three-year programme of work.
The Education Cluster planned to support the education of 204,000 children of which 93,840 girls in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and FATA during 2016.
By March 2016, the cluster managed to reach 51,952 children including 20,678 girls in camps, off-camps and in areas of return in KP and FATA.
The Education Cluster is developing a monsoon contingency plan 2016 for effective and efficient humanitarian preparedness and response.
Key Findings and Recommendations:
An Inter-Cluster Assessment Mission was conducted to Orakzai Agency from 8 to 13 April 2016 to assess the situation in a sample of recently denotified villages. An estimated 15,000 IDP families from Aa Khel, Mulla Khel, Chapri Feroz Khel, Mishti Hindara and Mishti Gawak tribes are expected to return to these areas starting 20 April 2016. Approximately 2,800 families will return in the first phase through the Jerma embarkation point in Kohat.
KARACHI: A latest study says climate change induced disasters and left negative impacts on psychology and behaviour of people, in particular women, who bore the major brunt of various disasters that struck Sindh in recent years.
“There is evidence that shows interlinkages between climate change, health and sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR),” says the study titled ‘Understanding climate change, impact on women’s reproductive health: Post-disaster interventions in Sindh’.
In 2015, PHPF received a total contribution of US$8.8 million from SIDA ($5.7 million) and DFID ($3 million). This represented a significant increase from $4.9 million in 2014. In addition, $1.4 million in funding was rolled over from 2014 to 2015.
By Kamila Hyat PESHAWAR/PAKISTAN, 4 April 2016
Pakistan’s military says it’s in the final phase of operations to clear militants from areas near the Afghanistan border, and the government plans to return those displaced by the fighting by the end of this year. But people who fled are reluctant to go home, saying that compensation offered by the government isn’t nearly enough to rebuild their lives.
Most remaining IDPs are expected to return to FATA in 2016.
With over 1.5 million remain- ing registered Afghan refu- gees, Pakistan constitutes the world’s largest protracted refugee situation.
Female-headed households have more dif culty access- ing assistance due to a lack of documentation and cultural restrictions.
Displacement and natural disasters compound already high rates of food insecurity in Pakistan.
An inter-Cluster assessment mission was conducted to Ladha, Sararogha,
Sarwakai, and Tiarza Tehsils South Waziristan Agency (SWA) from 10 to 13 February 2016. The mission visited eight recently de-notified villages. The Government plans to facilitate the return of some 30,000 IDPs to these areas.
Key findings and recommendations
Pakistan Food Security Cluster / Working Group continue to play its role in better humanitarian response and providing latest facts and figures using in-depth analysis and latest assessments/surveys for multiple types of emergencies (IDPs/TDPs/Returnees, Floods, Earthquake) for food security and agriculture/ livelihood. The FSC products are seen as substantially helping the FSC members to build the affected people back to normal situation after disaster through strategized approaches for better and improved humanitarian response.
UN releases 2016 Pakistan HSP requesting $442 million in assistance
GoP to resettle 96 percent of all remaining IDPs countrywide in 2016
Sindh drought conditions impact crops and livestock
220,000 people return to NWA since March 2015
Returns have been halted since 18 February. It is expected that all returns will resume in mid-April. There are 151 newly denotified villages in Kurram Agency and up to 14,000 families will return to those areas. New Durrani camp will likely close following these returns. Pre-registration for return to South Waziristan Agency (SWA) has started for 30,000 families. The Government has informed that all of Orakzai Agency will be denotified shortly allowing the return of over 15,000 families. In addition over 49,000 non-registered families have returned in the past year.
Overview of Displacement, Returns and Most Pressing Needs:
There are currently over 178,000 registered displaced families in KP/FATA, a majority of whom are from North Waziristan and South Waziristan Agency.
Regarding returns, the total number of families who signed a Voluntary Return Form (VRF) is over 125,000. Of this number, 17% are families headed by a female. It shall be noted, however, that even though people signed a VRF, this does not mean that they have actually returned to their places of origin.
ISLAMABAD: The Government of Japan today announced a total contribution of US$ 16 million to UN Development Programme (UNDP), UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), World Food Programme (WFP) and UN High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) agencies in Pakistan.
That includes a total of US$ 13 million to support Returnees in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) and US$3 million to support Afghan Refugees.