by Ronak Patel and Mihir Bhatt
11 March 2016 marks five years since the complex disaster created by a 9.0 earthquake, tsunami and nuclear radiation leaks from power plants in Japan’s Fukushima prefecture devastated communities across the Tohoku region of Japan and displaced some 470,000 people from their homes.
Guest blogger Reiko Hasegawa from SciencesPo in Paris, shares her expert insights on the ongoing struggles faced by people from the radiation contaminated areas who are still displaced today.
10 March, 2016: Tokyo / Geneva. Five years on from the devastating earthquake and tsunami that struck Japan’s northeast coastline on March 11, 2011, thousands of displaced families and elderly people are still unable to return home and are in need of support from humanitarian organisations such as the Red Cross.
Singapore, 2 March 2016 – At the launch of its 5th anniversary Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami photo exhibition today, the Singapore Red Cross (SRC) announced the concluding disbursement of the S$35.7M Japan Disaster Fund to six rehabilitation projects worth S$4M (~300 million yen), targeted at education, childcare and public welfare (details in Annex A).
A. Situation Analysis
A.1 Description of the Disaster
On 16 September 2015, an 8.4 earthquake struck Chile between the regions of Atacama and La Araucanía. ONEMI issued a tsunami alert for the entire coastal area in Chile, evacuating more than 600,000 people. ONEMI reported that approximately 681,484 people were affected and the Coquimbo region was declared a catastrophe area.
26/12/2015 – Colombo, Sri Lanka: The Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami of 26 December 2004 was an extraordinary event of such magnitude and destructive power, whose impact on humanity mean it will always be remembered as one of the world’s worst disasters.
Over 226,000 people were killed and the lives of millions of people were irrevocably changed. It was so far-reaching that damage was reported in 14 countries, from Indonesia across the Indian Ocean to the eastern seaboard of Africa.
Glide no. EQ-2011-000028-JPN
Period covered by this report: 11 March 2011 – 31 March 2015
Four years after the Great East Japan Earthquake and the Tsunami of 11 March 2011, there are still about 220,000 people who are displaced from their homes, living in temporary housing, apartments provided by the municipalities or at relatives’ homes. Among them, approximately 80,000 people are still living in prefabricated temporary homes.
ABOUT THIS ISSUE
The enhanced vulnerability of children to the detrimental impacts of disasters and emergencies now qualifies as conventional wisdom in various humanitarian circles. Almost 70% of the affected population of a disaster or extreme event are children. Consequently, a lot of government and humanitarian agencies have taken up the cause of protecting and promoting the rights of children to safety and security.
A 8.3 magnitude earthquake, the Illapel Earthquake, struck Chile in September, and according to the figures released by the Chilean government, the quake, and the aftershocks, despite evacuations, killed at least 12 people , struck more than 600 homeless, destroyed approximately 60 houses and damaged around 200. With the investment in Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR), the Chilean government evacuated more than a million people, minimizing the damage and deaths caused by an earthquake of Illapel’s magnitude.
Two projects in Sri Lanka employed participatory approaches, bringing key stakeholders together and facilitating women’s involvement.
The North East Coastal Community Development Project aimed to improve sustainable livelihood and natural resource management in poor coastal communities, and Component B of the Tsunami-Affected Areas Rebuilding Project, which was designed to provide an emergency response to urgent post-tsunami reconstruction challenges.
Esta tarde, la Mandataria entregó subsidios para reactivar la economía de Coquimbo, que sufrió los efectos devastadores del terremoto y tsunami del pasado 16 de septiembre.
The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) has approved use of the Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF), as requested by the Chilean Red Cross. The targeted use of the DREF is provide humanitarian aid to 450 families affected by the recent earthquake and tsunami throughout the provinces of Choapa, Elqui, and Limari, communities of Canela, Illapel, Coquimbo, and Monte Patria, and the towns of Canela Baja, Illapel, Gabriela, Baquedano, Peñuela, and Tulahuen.
In light of ongoing global and regional discussions and commitments, this report intends to highlight good practices aimed at empowering women economically, particularly through entrepreneurship and innovation, drawing lessons for collective learning.
A. Situation Analysis
A.1 Description of the Disaster
On 16 September 2015, an 8.4 earthquake struck Chile between the regions of Atacama and La Araucanía. The National Emergency Office (ONEMI) emitted a tsunami alert for the entire coastal area in Chile, evacuating more than 600,000 people. ONEMI reported that approximately 681,484 people were affected and the Coquimbo region was declared as a catastrophe area.
Arica y Parinacota, Tarapacá, Antofagasta, Atacama, Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana, Lib. Gral Bernardo O’Higgins, Maule, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Ríos, Los Lagos, Aysén del Gral Carlos Ibáñez del Campo, Magallanes y La Antártica Chilena
El titular de la cartera, Alberto Undurraga, llegó este viernes hasta el el sector de Baquedano y la caleta de pescadores de la ciudad-puerto para conocer en terreno el daño provocado por el terremoto y posterior tsunami.
El Ministro de Obras Públicas, Alberto Undurraga, llegó hasta el borde costero de Coquimbo para conocer en terreno el daño provocado por el terremoto y posterior tsunami en el sector de Baquedano y la caleta de pescadores de la ciudad-puerto.
This issue of the Pacific Economic Monitor updates the 2015 and 2016 GDP growth and inflation projections for ADB's Pacific developing member countries. The policy briefs included in this issue focus on disasters in the Pacific.
Highlights from this issue of the Pacific Economic Monitor include the following:
Persons with disabilities often experience discrimination and exclusion, despite the adoption of an increasingly rights-based approach to humanitarian assistance. The past three decades have witnessed a growing awareness of disability issues and the emergence and spread of disabled people’s organisations.
The growing awareness must be accompanied by practical measures to identify and reduce the barriers faced by persons with disabilities in an emergency situation.
En la oportunidad, remarcó la importancia de contar con una institucionalidad más potente, subrayando que este nuevo recinto, con altos estándares de seguridad y autonomía de funcionamiento, permitirá responder mejor ante los desastres naturales y diversos riesgos que afectan a nuestro país.
Adaptation and roll-out of Epidemic Control for Volunteers’ (ECV) Toolkit and Training Manual in Myanmar / Myanmar Red Cross Society / 2015