One month since the 7.8 magnitude earthquake hit Nepal, relief operations continue to scale up ahead of the monsoon season. Over 300 agencies are supporting the Government-led response.
Humanitarian partners estimate some 2.8 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance. Over 860,000 people are in immediate need due to loss of shelter, limited road access and poverty.
To reach remote communities in mountainous villages, traditional Nepalese delivery methods are complemented by porters.
Following the 7.8M earthquake which struck on 25 Apr and the 7.3M earthquake on 12 May, a total of 8,631 people are confirmed dead, with 14 bodies still unidentified. Nearly 460 health facilities are destroyed. Over 25,000 classrooms collapsed while an additional 10,000 require repair. 456 health facilities destroyed 25,000 classrooms destroyed The monsoon rains are expected to arrive in two weeks, further complicating relief efforts by blocking access routes and exposing over 760,000 families with damaged or destroyed homes to heavy rainfall.1
Manila, 25 May 2015 – One month after a devastating magnitude-7.8 earthquake struck Nepal and destroyed hundreds of thousands of homes, Habitat for Humanity will soon start construction of permanent houses. “We will begin building the first 100 permanent homes in the heavily damaged district of Kavre in the next two weeks,” said Rick Hathaway, Asia-Pacific vice president, Habitat for Humanity. “This is just a first step. In the coming months, subject to securing funding, we aim to rebuild thousands of homes in Nepal.”
One month after two major earthquakes devastated Nepal, one in six children in the country are still in urgent need of humanitarian assistance - with increasing risk of chronic physical and emotional conditions. Food, water and shelter are still the top priorities for aid in the affected districts. In the past month, UNICEF has worked with partners to distribute tents, tarpaulins, hygiene kits, therapeutic foods, medical kits, information/education/communication materials, plastic buckets, school-in-a-box and early childhood development kits.
These updates cover emergencies Oxfam is currently responding to around the world, although please note they don’t intend to be comprehensive.
Asia and South Asia
By Daniel Gray, Concern Worldwide
It’s been one month since the ground began violently tremoring across Nepal – today, the streets of Kathmandu are still sporadically jerking.
Statistics too often become abstract – it is difficult to imagine the grief of the families of the 8.622 people who have been found dead, or the destruction of 490,000 homes. News cycles move on. Today, expect columns on the one month anniversary of the earthquake. Unfortunately, in Nepal, the tremors are far from being consigned to history.
Since the earthquake that hit Nepal on 25 April, CBM, with partner organisations, has reached more than 3000 people through outreach camps in some of the worst-hit and least-accessible districts.
We are using the knowledge and resources of Nepalese Disabled People's Organisations (DPOs), and working in close cooperation with the coordination mechanisms set up in the country, to ensure that not only our response but those of mainstream relief organisations are inclusive of persons with disabilities.
After a powerful 7.8 magnitude earthquake struck Nepal on April 25, killing thousands and causing massive destruction, our team on the ground immediately took action to help people in need.
Thanks to our 100+ staff in Nepal and support from more than 44,000 donors, we have been able to deliver emergency supply kits to some of the hardest-hit areas across the country in the last month.
BLUF – Implications to PACOM
Note: This is the last daily Nepal Earthquake CFE-DMHA Disaster Information Report. A final, wrap-up summary will be distributed the week of 25 May.
Major redeployment/phased force flow continues with additional planned movements occurring over the next 72 hours. All four MV-22'S departed Nepal with 2x KC-135J'S providing aerial refueling out of Utaphao, Thailand. (USPACOM)
All JTF-505 personnel and equipment should complete retrograde from Nepal no later than 24 May 2015. (USPACOM)
The Post-Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA) began on 20 May. The PNDA, led by the Government of Nepal in partnership with the humanitarian community, aims to assess the impact of the earthquake and define a post-earthquake recovery strategy.
The Flash Appeal will be revised once again to reflect the damage caused by the second earthquake on 12 May. The launch is planned for 29 May.
IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) has covered 143 Village Displacement Committees in 14 districts.
Highlights and Key Messages
As of 20 May, with support from the local government and partners, WFP has distributed food to approximately 1.6 million beneficiaries living in seven of the most heavily affected districts: Gorkha, Dhading, Nuwakot, Rasuwa, Sindhupalchok, Kavre, and Dolakha.
In response to two devastating earthquakes which affected Nepal on 25 April and 12 May 2015, UNESCO is mobilizing its expertise and international support to help the country to recover. Rapid initial assessments by UNESCO have identified urgent priority areas of action in education and to protect cultural heritage, and have enabled the UNESCO Kathmandu Office to start initial response activities.
22 May 2015, Kathmandu - In the maternity tent of a makeshift hospital in Nepal’s quake-ravaged Sindhupalchok District, Sunita Tamang and Milan Lama dote over their 3-day-old son.
The baby boy, who was born just days after a second earthquake compounded Nepal’s 25 April disaster, remains unnamed, as is customary for newborns in Nepali culture. Still, according to his parents, the boy’s defining features are clear: he is healthy and strong.
“We came as soon as Sunita got the labour pains,” says 29-year-old Milan.
Kathmandu — The Government of Japan and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) on have signed an agreement for US$1 million emergency grant in the aftermath of the two devastating Nepal earthquakes to manage debris and create emergency employment through a cash-for-work programme.
The fund will help jumpstart rapid recovery in the most affected districts, including debris management, safe demolition of damaged buildings, tools and equipment support, and other necessary support needed for early recovery over the next nine months.
BLUF – Implications to PACOM
On May 20, foreign military forces coordinating with the Multinational Military Coordination Center (MNMCC) announced their plans to transition from relief operations towards technical assistance to support rehabilitation efforts. OCHA reports that it is expected that the MNMCC will also begin to phase down in the coming weeks. (OCHA)
By May 21, only five foreign militaries will remain in-country: the US, Canada, China, India and the UK. Japan’s remaining personnel departed May 20. (USPACOM)
On 21 May, the Humanitarian Coordinator briefed Member States in Geneva on the humanitarian situation and ongoing relief efforts.
An antenna humanitarian hub was established in Charikot (Dolakha District) to support local authorities.
Foreign military forces announced plans to transition from relief operations towards technical assistance to support rehabilitation.
An estimated 870,000 children will be unable to resume school on 31 May due to destroyed classrooms.
MAILUNG , 21 May 2015 (IRIN) - Mento Ghale did what any parent would do when Nepal’s 25 April earthquake struck her village of Mailung: she grabbed the children and got them out of the house as quickly as she could.
It was a narrow escape. Much of Ghale’s village, tucked away at the base of a hill in Rusawa district in eastern Nepal, was swept away in a landslide triggered by the 7.8-magnitude quake. Scores of her neighbours are buried in the mud and rubble – among the more that 9,500 Nepalese killed in the disaster.
Now he was summoning Saritha Rai who had built his family home, to come and survey the destruction. And he was demanding his money back.
Rai, a mason, was trained to build earthquake resistant homes by a project run by the UN Development Programme (UNDP).
She says, she was upset by the call, and rushed out to meet the home owner.
When she got there, the house was still standing. The home owner was beaming, she said. He had played a prank on her. He wanted to thank her in person for building his home well, and for helping keep his family safe.
As part of Japanese Red Cross Society programmes that are designed to help affected communities recovering after the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami, a new after-school club has been completed in Yamada town, Iwate prefecture, providing a safe place where the children can play together happily and freely after school.
Key facts and figures, initiatives, progress, challenges, needs and opportunities related to gender equality and women’s empowerment in the context of the Nepal earthquake emergency response.