One month after two major earthquakes devastated Nepal, one in six children in the country are still in urgent need of humanitarian assistance - with increasing risk of chronic physical and emotional conditions. Food, water and shelter are still the top priorities for aid in the affected districts. In the past month, UNICEF has worked with partners to distribute tents, tarpaulins, hygiene kits, therapeutic foods, medical kits, information/education/communication materials, plastic buckets, school-in-a-box and early childhood development kits.
New York, 24 May 2015 – “The toll seems to grow higher by the day. Reports that two more children have been killed and six more children injured in the escalating conflict in Yemen underscore the urgent need for action to protect children -- and to bring an end to the hostilities that are devastating their lives and futures.
“Since the conflict escalated in March, as many as 135 children have been killed and 260 injured. Almost one-third of the deaths have been in the coastal city of A’den, where violence has again accelerated over the past few days.
Since 14 May 2015, increasing violence in central Ramadi caused a new wave of displacement from the Anbar Governorate. Ramadi City has been reported as under control of armed opposition group Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) since 17 May 2015.
The IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) reported over 133,000 newly displaced individuals (as of 8 May, 2015) spread across 15 governorates of Iraq.
The Governorates worst-affected by the Ramadi displacements are Anbar, Babylon, Baghdad and Sulaymaniyah.
Refugees from Burundi have been arriving at the Northwest borders of Tanzania since the beginning of May as they flee violence and political turmoil in Burundi. As of 19 May, UNHCR reported an estimated 63,653 Burundi refugees have reached Tanzania and its borders seeking shelter and safety. Of concern is the 35,000 refugees living in rough conditions in the lakeside village of Kagunga awaiting to be transported to the established camp.
Situation of displaced people in Lake region in numbers
43,000 ESTIMATED NUMBER OF NIGERIAN REFUGEES AND CHADIAN IDPS AND RETURNEES (UNHCR APRIL 2015)
6,000 ESTIMATED NEW REFUGEES FROM NIGER AND NIGERIA AND CHADIAN IDPS AND RETURNEES IN DABOUA AND LIWA DISTRICTS (UNICEF RAPID ASSESSMENT PRELIMINARY REPORT, MAY 18 )
· The situation in South Sudan has drastically deteriorated in the past two weeks, with heavy fighting on-going across Unity and Upper Nile states. 100,000 people have been displaced and 650,000 have been cut off from aid as humanitarian organizations have been forced to withdraw from affected areas.
· Refugees fleeing tensions in Burundi continue to arrive in Rwanda at a rate of more than 100 a day, with ongoing uncertainty at home carrying the risk of a return to peak rates of more than 1,000 arrivals a day seen at the start of the situation.
· Facilities at the main refugee camp for Burundians in Rwanda at Mahama are further expanding, with UNICEF part-funding new boreholes to tackle potential water shortages.
· The past weeks of civil unrest and response by the security forces have raised serious concerns regarding child rights violations. Children were repeatedly caught up in demonstrations either as active participants or simply by being in the wrong place at the wrong time.
· Security forces were indiscriminate in their violent response and as a result at least three children were killed, many injured and arrested.
· The five day humanitarian pause from 12-17 May enabled UNICEF and partners to reach 1.2 million people with safe drinking water and provide 1,750 pregnant women with antenatal care.
· UNICEF prepositioned and distributed health supplies for 400,000 people, nutrition supplies for 7,500 children and WASH supplies for nearly 85,000 people.
· During the humanitarian pause, 18,500 people including 11,500 children were reached with Psychosocial Support and/or Mine Risk Education.
The second earthquake of a magnitude of 7.3 on the Richter scale that struck Nepal on May 12 – which was a major aftershock of the earthquake of 25 April -- has worsened the living conditions of affected populations, particularly in the severely affected districts. This has also led to further destruction of educational facilities and health infrastructures especially in Dolakha and Sindupalchowk districts.
• UNICEF is supporting the installation of Sayam Forage refugee camp, hosting over 1,200 refugees, by providing squatting plates, water bladders, NFIs and recreational and ECD kits to UNHCR to ensure access to water and sanitation and support safe spaces for children as part of child protection.
UNICEF response to date
• A total of 14,549 children have been admitted to the community-based management of acute malnutrition (CMAM) programme, of which 1,437 children were admitted for treatment in IDP camps in Adamawa and Borno states. A Nutrition Specialist is on ground in Yobe to support the implementation of CMAM programmes in IDP camps.
· The first 32 refugees, fleeing war-torn Yemen, arrive on Somalia’s northern coastline, reversing a decades-old trend which saw Somalis seeking safety in Yemen.
· UNICEF provides multi-sectoral response to population displacement caused by fighting in Guri Ceel and Galgala; the response includes provision of nutritional supplies, educational supplies for the out-of-school children, WASH emergency supplies and Family Relief Kits.
• Conflict-affected people and communities are under severe strain. The Freedom of Movement Legislation is negatively affecting citizens on both sides of the contact line in accessing services and reuniting families.
• HIV/AIDS related needs in non-governmentcontrolled areas are of concern. There are reports of interruptions of antiretroviral treatment for children and adults in these territories, including for pregnant HIV positive women.
· In the week to 10 May 2015, weekly case incidence decreased to two, down from nine the previous week. Both the cases this week came from known contacts in quarantine homes in Western Area Urban (Freetown).
· Implementation of the UNICEF-supported Kambia Community Action Plan (KCAP) started with the primary objective of enhancing community ownership and engagement in one of the country’s last hotspot areas.
· The total number of confirmed cases of Ebola rose to 3,174 this week, according to WHO’s Epidemiological Situation Report. The total number of confirmed, suspected and probable cases increased to 3,597.
· The number of confirmed deaths from Ebola rose to 1,977, with a total of 2,392 confirmed, suspected and probable deaths.