• As of 3 July, there were 3.3 million people displaced and 777,918 returnees in Iraq, at least 47 per cent of whom are children under 18.
• Conflict escalated in Iraq in the first half of 2016. It is expected that needs will increase as military operations to take back ISIL-held areas continue. In May and June alone, more than 85,000 people, roughly 40,000 children, have been newly-displaced mainly within Anbar. With ongoing military operations the number of IDPs is expected to increase.
• 175,000 people were reached with information on immediate vector control and individual protection through the Zika Campaign launched in Guayaquil July 14th by the MoH in close collaboration with UNICEF and PAHO/WHO.
• School year formally began on July 4th; during the first week more than 6,330 children attended classes in the temporary education and protection spaces established by UNICEF and its partners, while the Ministry of Education started to phase out these temporary spaces and bring the pre-fabricated schools online.
Situation in Numbers
1.69 million People internally displaced since 15 December 2013
(OCHA, Humanitarian Snapshot 5 May 2016)
715,228 Estimated new South Sudanese refugees in neighbouring countries since December 2013
(UNHCR, Regional Refugee Information Portal, dated 15 July 2016)
US$ 154.5 million 2016 South Sudan Humanitarian Action for Children Appeal
US$ 2.9 million Wau Crisis Appeal*
US$ 5.4 million Juba Crisis Appeal*
June saw the highest number of civilian casualties (including children) in the conflict area of eastern Ukraine since August 2015. UNICEF’s best result in June was with regard to access to education for children in eastern Ukraine, with one project rehabilitating schools finalized, and a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed with the authorities in Dnipropetrovsk and Donetsk oblasts. On 2 June, UNICEF delivered 4.9metric tonnes of antiretroviral drugs and HIV kits for distribution in Donetsk and Luhansk non-government controlled areas.
During the month of June, the situation remained tense in the State of Palestine with violent clashes in the West Bank and demonstrations in Gaza. In June, there were four Palestinians killed by Israeli forces and four Israeli casualties including a 13-year-old girl killed in her house in a settlement near Hebron during an attack by a Palestinian youth.
The population in Madagascar’s arid South currently faces extreme humanitarian needs due to an extended drought exacerbated by El Nino. Nutrition screening data indicates that 39,000 children under 5 in the eight most affected districts in the South are suffering from acute malnutrition (GAM), among them 7,000 from severe acute malnutrition while water consumption has declined to a reported 1 liter/day in certain districts.
UNICEF’s drought response is based on WASH and Nutrition interventions aimed at complementing Government and HCT response efforts to the drought emergency.
UNICEF and partners have reached 90,000 people with access to safe water and 3,777 children with treatment of SAM.
Overall UNICEF HAC appeal for nutrition response is only 13% funded, however UNICEF has allocated RR and ORR funds to support the nutrition emergency response.
Since the start of the year, over 9,000 cases of Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD)/cholera have been reported in Somalia. With 441 deaths recorded, the case fatality rate (CFR) stands at 4.8 per cent, well above the 1 per cent emergency threshold. Banadir, Bay, Lower and Middle Juba, Lower and Middle Shabelle, and Hiraan are the most affected regions, with the cholera outbreak confirmed in 15 districts to date. Children under-5 bear the biggest brunt; according to WHO, children account for 58 per cent of the cases and 64 per cent of the deaths.
Security remains an ongoing concern. In June, Bangui experienced a new eruption of intercommunal violence following the abduction of six policemen by a self-defence group in PK5. Anti-Balaka elements torched houses in the Muslim community in Carnot while youth in Sasso-Nakombo threatened Muslims traders.
Zimbabwe’s food insecure population at the peak of the hunger season has increased from to 2.8 to 4 million people based on the preliminary results of the Zimbabwe Vulnerability Assessment (ZimVAC) of July 2016.This translates to approximately 42 per cent of rural households, representing a rise of 44 per cent compared to the lean season assessment results of February 2016.
51 Water User Committees were formed in Maaji, Ayilo II, Olua I & II and Oliji settlements to improve operation & maintenance of water points serving a total of 27,387 people, mostly refugees from South Sudan in June, 2016.
Over 5,200 children were immunized against Polio and Measles in Rhino Camp Refugee settlement, Arua District in June 2016.
In June 2016 the Malawi Vulnerability Assessment Committee reported that 6.5 million people are food insecure and in urgent need of food assistance in 24 districts. This represents 39% of the country population and the needs vary across the affected districts. The lean season spans from July 2016 to March 2017, when the humanitarian situation is expected to peak among the most vulnerable children and women.
520,000 # of children affected out of 2,000,000 # of people affected
600,000 # hectares of crop damaged
1,750,000 # people lost incomes
52 (18 most affected) # provinces affected out of 64
Government-One UN Joint Emergency Response Plan 2016*:
Funding gap: US$37.7 million
UNICEF funds received:
The vulnerability assessment has been completed with the analysis of results being finalized for dissemination. The assessment will provide an up to date and accurate picture of the impact of the drought, and predictions for the coming months. Preliminary results suggest that the number of food insecure people requiring emergency assistance will have increased to 350,000.
UNICEF provided support for the completed Lesotho Vulnerability Assessment Committee (LVAC), which revised the number of people requiring humanitarian assistance from 725,000+ down to 679,437.
UNICEF is reaching 69,000 of the most vulnerable children (51% girls), through its Cash Grant Top Up response, which provides relief for families in response to the food price shock during the winter months.
407 School-in-a-Box kits have been distributed to strengthen capacities of 120 teachers and provide school supplies to 16,280 children and adolescents.
WASH survey in rural areas are being implemented, to provide baseline information assessment for the most affected canton, Jama, covering 56 communities and 38 schools.
About 1,500 children under 5 years have received support for adequate protection, promotion and support of appropriate infant and young child feeding in emergencies (IYCF).
Prioritised Actions Required
Increase the rations currently being distributed by Nigerian Army
Support for treatment of malnutrition cases
Supplies: Plumpy'Nut, scales, instruments for anthropometric measurements
Support for the sick and dying
Medical equipment Medical personnel
Ethiopia has been experiencing one of the worst droughts in decades. The main rainy season (kiremt rains) that is vital for producing over 80 per cent of Ethiopia’s agricultural yield – in an industry that employs 85 per cent of the country’s workforce – failed in 2015, and a powerful El Niño weather event continues to wreak havoc on children’s lives and their families’ livelihoods.
Sudan continues to be the largest recipient of South Sudanese refugees in the region with 231,581 South Sudanese refugees (out of which, 162,107 are children) registered as of the end of June. Since the start of 2016, 72,000 South Sudanese refugees have arrived in White Nile, East & South Darfur, as well as South and West Kordofan states. UNICEF Sudan and South Sudan exchange information regularly on new arrivals from both sides of the border.