In December 2016, UNICEF has deployed 60 water trucks in Oromia Region to benefit an estimated 120,000 people with access to safe water.
UNICEF has also dispatched US$650,000 worth of household and community-level water treatment chemicals to different regions; and supported the rehabilitation and maintenance of sustainable water supply systems, which together benefitted around 700,000 people.
After an initial helicopter recce and security assessment mission to Rann on 22 December, the first Multi-Sector Initial Rapid Humanitarian Needs Assessment was initially organised for the 30 DEC 16.
Due to an attack against Rann, this mission had to be postponed and took eventually place on the 9 JAN 17. Technical representatives of the health, nutrition, WASH, food security, shelter and protection sectors were part of the assessment team.
• UNICEF and partners carried out the seventh complete periodic malnutrition screening of 300,000 children under 5 years of age (6 to 59 months) in October 2016. The screening found 2,146 children affected by severe acute malnutrition (SAM) and 10,484 affected by moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) in the 8 most affected districts. In 2016, 14,500 children with SAM have been treated.
• The cumulative number of children aged 6-59 months who were treated for severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in the 20 priority districts with high global acute malnutrition (GAM) levels (5% and above) at the end of November 2016, was 6,189.
Following violence in Bria (Haute Kotto prefecture) in November among two different Ex-Seleka factions, heavy fighting spread in the Ouaka prefecture for control of Bambari, displacing over 8,000 people.
As of the end of November, 434,000 people were reportedly internally displaced, a sharp increase (14,000 people) to the previous month due to the violence that broke out in north east (Bria) and central CAR (Bambari).
In December, over one hundred cease fire violations were recorded daily along the ‘contact line’;
Under the umbrella of UNHCR, UNICEF delivered 160 tons of education supplies and materials for schools and kindergartens in Luhansk, NGCA;
Due to destroyed powerlines, Siverskyi Donets-Donbass Channel, which supplies bulk water to more than four million people in Donetsk Oblast, has temporarily reduced water supply by 50 per cent;
After an initial helicopter recce and security assessment mission to Baga on 9 December, the first Multi-Sector Initial Rapid Humanitarian Needs Assessment took only place one month after that. Technical representatives of the health, nutrition, WASH, food security and protection sectors were part of the assessment team. The shelter and CCM sector team had travelled to Baga two days earlier but used the helicopter to assess 2 other towns in Kukawa LGA (Cross-Kauwa and Kukawa).
SITUATION IN NUMBERS
3.2 million total people affected (HNO)
2.7 million /# of people in need of humanitarian assistance, of which
1.1 million /# of children in need of humanitarian assistance (UNICEF)
40,462 suspected cholera cases and 429 fatalities since 1 January 2016 (MSPP SE50)
1,633 number of schools damaged by hurricane Matthew, per assessments conducted by UNICEF and Education sector actors and partners. MoE figures remain at 716.
A propos du RRM
• An important interagency assessment has taken place from 27 to 31 December 2016 in Bau and Kurmuk localities of Blue Nile State to assess the humanitarian situation, including the needs related to child protection, education, health, nutrition, water, sanitation and hygiene.
• In December 2016, the Sudan Armed Forces renewed the command order to end recruitment and use of children in its forces, in line with the Action Plan signed in March 2016.
• Following a new joint Government/Humanitarian Country Team assessment of the IDP situation in Manica province, UNICEF will be supporting a WASH and Nutrition response for 3,600 IDPs consisting of WASH non-food items (NFIs) and a nutritional screening to identify and treat acutely malnourished children. In August, UNICEF provided school tents and learners kits in several IDP sites.
The Yemen Humanitarian Country Team has launched the Yemen Humanitarian Needs Overview for 2017, estimating that 18.8 million people – some 70 per cent of the population - are in need for humanitarian assistance, including 10.3 million people with acute needs. As a consequence of the crisis, 14.8 million people will need health assistance in 2017 and 4.5 million will need nutrition services, a significant increase in comparison to 2016.
On 21-23 November, heavy fighting between Ex-Seleka factions in Bria left at least 86 civilians dead and some 11,000 people displaced.
As of the end of November, a reported 420,000 people are still internally displaced (IDPs) in CAR, up from 385,000 in October, due to the violence in the north-west and central regions.
Further aftershocks in Atacames last week (5.3): the government has extended the state of exception to mid-January 2017.
Local authorities are increasing their presence and involvement in the emergency response as the reconstruction phase evolves.
IOM reported a decrease in the number of IDPs living in informal shelters: with 42 informal shelters closed during the reporting period.
Since the offensive on Mosul city began on 17 October, more than 80,000 people have been displaced from surrounding towns, villages, and from the city suburbs. At least 47 percent are children under 18.
Between January and November 2016, the Iraq Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism (MRM) verified 171 grave violations of child rights affecting 435 children (317 boys, 95 girls, and 23 sex unknown). Killing and injuring is the most commonly reported violation.
• Between January and September 2016, 247,480 children with severe acute malnutrition were admitted to the national Community Management of Acute Malnutrition programme. Out of these, 19,920 children (8 per cent) were admitted to in-patient care.
• In response to the new influx of South Sudanese refugees, UNICEF supported the Regional Health Bureau of Gambella to vaccinate 23,543 children 0 to 15 years old and 21,863 children 6 months to 14 years old against polio and measles respectively.
HIGHLIGHTS – TWO MONTHS AFTER MATTHEW
(This will be the final SitRep specific to Hurricane Matthew. All future SitReps will encompass all humanitarian action in Haiti, including Hurricane Matthew)
In the two months since Matthew, UNICEF, has:
During the month of November, there was a sharp increase in fighting in eastern Ukraine, registering over 2,000 incidents daily.
More than 4,500 children were unable to go to school for several days due to an attack which damaged a main pipeline that supplies drinking water and centralised heating for more than 80,000 people on both sides of the ‘contact line’ in Donetsk oblast.
UNICEF repaired and rehabilitated over 17 km of pipelines to ensure uninterrupted access to safe drinking water in Donetsk oblast.
LILONGWE, Malawi/NEW YORK, 15 December 2016 – The Government of Malawi and UNICEF have announced the establishment of an air corridor to test potential humanitarian use of unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) - also known as drones.
Drought conditions prevail in Puntland as well as several parts of Somaliland, central and southern regions. Water shortages are reported in all drought-affected regions, increasing the risk of an acute watery diarrhoea (AWD)/cholera outbreak. With populations on the move in search of water and pasture, an estimated 35,000 children are at risk of dropping out of schools. The drought will further aggravate the malnutrition crisis with an increase in enrolment in nutrition programmes.