UNICEF urgently still needs $1 million for the second S3M child survival survey in 2016. The locality level S3M 2013 survey results were critical in defining the Humanitarian Needs Overview 2015 and the ongoing 2016 HNO. The S3M is therefore an important investment for the broader humanitarian response, especially the health, nutrition, water and sanitation sectors.
The UNICEF Sudan humanitarian appeal for 2015 is 62% unfunded. The worst affected sectors are Education and Child Protection.
Six months into the conflict in Yemen, the number of children under 5 at risk of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) has tripled, with 537,000 children now at risk in 2015, compared to 160,000 children before the conflict. Almost twice as many children under 5, a total of 1,293,500 children, are projected to suffer from moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) this year, compared to 690,000 before the crisis.
This last week, Guinea identified five new confirmed Ebola cases, bringing the total for the month to six. The new cases come from Ratoma and Dixinn districts in Conakry, and Forécariah. WHO has identified more than 300 new contact cases across the country.
As of 29 September 2015, the six confirmed cases and eight suspected cases have been hospitalized in Guinea in Conakry and Forécariah.
No new cases were reported in Sierra Leone in the period from 17 to 30 September 2015.
The Guinean district of Forécariah, at the border with Sierra Leone, reported four new cases on 26 and 27 September 2015, more than 42 days after the last confirmed case. There were more than 300 contacts under follow-up in Forécariah as of 27 September 2015. In light of the proximity to the district of Kambia, social mobilization activities have been reinforced to sensitize border communities on Ebola related messaging.
By Dr. Cecilia Scharp / 2 October 2015
In 2012, the UN made the announcement that the Millennium Development Goal target on water had been met and over two billion more people now had access to water from ‘improved’ sources. Many people thought: “Wonderful! The images of children and women carrying heavy water buckets on their heads for miles are now going to be a thing of the past! It’s time to celebrate!”
Not so fast…
• UNICEF and MSF Holland organized a campaign of malaria presumptive treatment screening 29,731 children 6 months to 5 years in Bentiu Protection of Civilian (PoC) site for fever. Fifty-four per cent of those screened, 16,112 children, were treated for malaria.
UNICEF, in collaboration with WHO and GAVI, is carrying out an integrated health and nutrition campaign through which over 80,000 children were screened for malnutrition in Hodeidah, Hajjah, Taiz, Ibb, Amran, Sana’a, Al Bayda and Marib over the last week.
A survey completed recently in Hajjah lowlands and mountains showed a Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) prevalence of 20.9 per cent and 9.9 per cent with Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) levels of 3.8 per cent and 0.8 per cent in lowlands and mountains respectively.
As of 13 September 2015, Guinea had gone 13 consecutive days without a confirmed case of Ebola – the longest period since the start of the outbreak. For the month of September 2015, only one confirmed case was reported. As of 14 September 2015, a single Ebola patient remains hospitalized in Guinea. The number of confirmed cases this week remains at 3,338.
The cumulative number of Colombians who have officially returned from Venezuela since 19 August 2015 reached 22,696 as of 23 September, of which 1,678 were officially deported a month ago during police operation carried out by Venezuelan authorities. In total 23 municipalities in three states have been closed by the Venezuelan Government, affecting four Colombian departments along the 2,600 km border between the two countries.
Following the Islamic State in West Africa ISWA (ex Boko Haram) attacks in the Far North region, Cameroonian authorities have expelled thousands of Nigerian citizens living outside of the Minawao refugee camp.
Humanitarian access to people in need remain highly difficult due to the security situation
In the weeks following the reporting period, the Syria crisis has literally reached the shores of Europe. The majority of refugee families seeking asylum in Europe in the last months are from Syria. These families have made the difficult decision to take extreme action putting their lives at risk to reach safe haven. The refugee crisis in Europe will only worsen if greater efforts are not made to end the protracted conflict in Syria and address the humanitarian and longer term needs of the millions affected by the violence.
After a few kilometres from Gorkha Bazaar, the gravel road ends and the narrow dirt road to Simjung begins. The bumpy ride on the road felt like an internal massage to my system. However, the worse was yet to come. As we reached Chanaute, the road split. One led to our destination Simjung, while the other went to Takumajh, another village equally devastated by the earthquake.
UNICEF, WHO and GAVI launched an integrated health and nutrition campaign across all 22 governorates in Yemen targeting over 1.5 million children under the age of 5 with vaccination, nutrition services, deworming, antenatal care services, postnatal care services, vitamin A supplementation and provision of micronutrient supplements. A total of 2,080 mobile teams with over 7,200 health workers and supervisors are involved in the campaign.
As of 31st August, UNICEF and partners have supported over 162,845 South Sudanese in Uganda since the influx began in mid-December 2013, including 99,517 in Adjumani, 16,692 in Arua, 39,054 in Kiryandongo and 7,445 in Kampala.
As of 24 August, over 1 million potential voters (or 48% of total eligible voters, 45% of which are women) have been registered by the National Electoral Authority in CAR. The registration process has not yet started in refugee camps outside of the country.
Following the killing of a young Muslim in Bambari, clashes erupted on 20 August between Christian and Muslim populations in town, killing 10 and injuring many more, including three Red Cross staff.
The number of Colombians who have returned from Venezuela since 19 August 2015 has topped to 21,400, with 1,482 of these deported during the first two weeks of the police operation by Venezuelan authorities. Partial border closures have been implemented in three zones of Táchira and Zulia states in Venezuela, affecting four departments of Colombia: Norte de Santander, La Guajira, Arauca and Vichada.
· The humanitarian situation in Diffa continues to be of concern and heavily impacted by the consequences of the situation in Nigeria, even if no major security incidents have been reported.
· There was one confirmed case of Ebola this week, which brings the total number of confirmed cases to 3,338. Forécariah, one of the prefectures in which Ebola has been most intractable, is now classified as “inactive” after having gone 21 days without any cases. This leaves Conakry and Dubréka as the two remaining “active” areas. (WHO, Ebola Situation Report, 6 September 2015).
Violent clashes and attacks continued in the West Bank this month. A Palestinian man died of injuries sustained in an arson attack last month; three Palestinian men were shot and killed by Israeli forces, following three separate knife attacks against Israelis; numerous Palestinians were injured in clashes with security forces and in settler attacks; Palestinian rock throwing also injured Israelis.