Situation of refugees & displaced people in Far-North in numbers
106,000 TOTAL NUMBER OF INTERNALLY DISPLACED PEOPLE (IDPS) (OCHA, APRIL 2015)
34,368 TOTAL NUMBER OF REFUGEES IN CAMPS (UNHCR, APRIL 2015)
39,000 TOTAL ESTIMATED SAM CASELOAD IN THE FAR NORTH IN 2015
· The situation in South Sudan has drastically deteriorated in the past two weeks, with heavy fighting on-going across Unity and Upper Nile states. 100,000 people have been displaced and 650,000 have been cut off from aid as humanitarian organizations have been forced to withdraw from affected areas.
· Refugees fleeing tensions in Burundi continue to arrive in Rwanda at a rate of more than 100 a day, with ongoing uncertainty at home carrying the risk of a return to peak rates of more than 1,000 arrivals a day seen at the start of the situation.
· Facilities at the main refugee camp for Burundians in Rwanda at Mahama are further expanding, with UNICEF part-funding new boreholes to tackle potential water shortages.
· The past weeks of civil unrest and response by the security forces have raised serious concerns regarding child rights violations. Children were repeatedly caught up in demonstrations either as active participants or simply by being in the wrong place at the wrong time.
· Security forces were indiscriminate in their violent response and as a result at least three children were killed, many injured and arrested.
· The five day humanitarian pause from 12-17 May enabled UNICEF and partners to reach 1.2 million people with safe drinking water and provide 1,750 pregnant women with antenatal care.
· UNICEF prepositioned and distributed health supplies for 400,000 people, nutrition supplies for 7,500 children and WASH supplies for nearly 85,000 people.
· During the humanitarian pause, 18,500 people including 11,500 children were reached with Psychosocial Support and/or Mine Risk Education.
The second earthquake of a magnitude of 7.3 on the Richter scale that struck Nepal on May 12 – which was a major aftershock of the earthquake of 25 April -- has worsened the living conditions of affected populations, particularly in the severely affected districts. This has also led to further destruction of educational facilities and health infrastructures especially in Dolakha and Sindupalchowk districts.
· In the week to 10 May 2015, weekly case incidence decreased to two, down from nine the previous week. Both the cases this week came from known contacts in quarantine homes in Western Area Urban (Freetown).
· Implementation of the UNICEF-supported Kambia Community Action Plan (KCAP) started with the primary objective of enhancing community ownership and engagement in one of the country’s last hotspot areas.
· The total number of confirmed cases of Ebola rose to 3,174 this week, according to WHO’s Epidemiological Situation Report. The total number of confirmed, suspected and probable cases increased to 3,597.
· The number of confirmed deaths from Ebola rose to 1,977, with a total of 2,392 confirmed, suspected and probable deaths.
Il y a quelques mois, nous avions publié un article de blog expliquant comment l’UNICEF aidait à lutter contre Ebola dans les pays affectés. De nombreux progrès ont été faits depuis – le Libéria a récemment atteint zéro cas – nous voulions donc vous informer de tout le travail qui a été – et qui continue d’être – fait.
1. La collaboration avec les communautés
• 7,085 children now have access to temporary learning spaces in Shefa and Tafea provinces.
• 14,718 early childhood and primary school children have received learning materials and school supplies.
• At least 90 per cent of primary school children at functioning schools on Tanna Island have returned to school.
• 98 per cent of targeted children aged 6 months to 5 years in Shefa, Sanma and Tafea provinces have been vaccinated against measles.
• UNICEF played an active role in the Bangui forum, which took place on 4 - 11 May and represents a major milestone towards peace, national reconciliation and social cohesion in CAR. The forum culminated in the agreement of all armed groups in CAR to release children from their groups.
• The CAR government announced the closure of the Mpoko IDP site by the end of May. This site hosts over 18,000 IDPs. UNICEF will support WASH, Health and Education intervention in relocation of these 18,000 IDPs to the new site sites.
· Despite the challenging operating conditions, UNICEF is scaling up its humanitarian response. Since the start of the current conflict, UNICEF has provided 604,360 people with access to clean water and 16,662 families with hygiene kits; 3,386 pregnant women have had access to antenatal, delivery and postnatal care; and 38,000 people have been reached through communication for development messages on health, hygiene and protection.
Sudan reported 167 confirmed measles cases in week 18, as compared with 101 cases during the previous week (increasing trend). Since the beginning of the year, 4127 suspected measles cases reported, including 2336 confirmed cases.
An earthquake with a magnitude of 7.3 Richter scale struck central and eastern Nepal at 12:50 pm local time on May 12. Its epicenter was near Kodari, 76 kilometers east north east of Kathmandu close to the Chinese border. So far 65 casualties and 1,261 injuries have been reported as a result of this second large earthquake since the main one on 25 April 2015.
In the week to 3 May 2015, weekly case incidence decreased to nine, down from eleven the previous week. Seven of the cases this week came from quarantined households or known contacts.
The total number of confirmed cases of Ebola rose to 3,167 this week, according to WHO’s Epidemiological Situation Report. The total number of confirmed, suspected and probable cases increased to 3,589.
The number of confirmed deaths from Ebola rose to 1,971, with a total of 2,386 confirmed, suspected and probable deaths.
Data are based on official information reported by the Liberian health ministry up to 3 May 2015. These numbers are subject to change due to on-going reclassification, retrospective investigation and availability of laboratory results.
No new confirmed cases were reported since 20 March 2015.
UPDATE 12 MAY: On Tuesday 12 May at 07:05:18 UTC, an earthquake measuring 7.3 struck Kodari, Nepal. The epicenter is 74 kilometers east/northeast of Kathmandu, close to the Chinese border. Tremors were felt in Kathmandu and up to Delhi, India. There are reports of new casualties in Sindupalchow district.
• Fear of continued violence ahead of Burundi’s elections due in late June has prompted 8,000 more Burundian refugees to arrive in Rwanda since the last UNICEF SitRep of 26 April, taking the total number of newly arrived refugees to 25,214, of whom 82% are women and children
• Two-thirds of the refugees, or close to 17,500 people, have been moved to the new Mahama Refugee Camp in eastern Rwanda from the two initial Reception Centres that were established at the outset of the crisis