• The OSCE Special Monitoring Mission noted a significant increase in ceasefire violations in Donetsk Oblast, including over 10,330 explosions, compared with around 2,500 in December 2016;
• Due to conflict escalation in late January, approximately 1.8 million people, including 252,000 children, on both sides of the ‘contact line,’ are at risk as critical civilian infrastructure (i.e. water, electricity, heating) was damaged;
As of week five, the number of new acute watery diarrhea/ cholera cases reported has increased compared to the previous week due to the spread of the outbreak to new districts.
A total of 913 acute watery diarrhea/cholera cases and 10 deaths (CFR 1.1%) were reported during epidemiological week 5 (30th January to 5th February) from 38 districts in 8 regions.
The weekly CFR has decreased from 1.7% in week 4 to 1.1% in week 5. This indicates an improvement of patient care and overall response activities.
As of epidemiological week 4, the reported number of AWD/Cholera cases has slightly decreased as compared to the previous week but the outbreak has spread to new districts in Puntland (refer table 1 below)
A total of 877 new suspected AWD/cholera cases and 15 deaths (CFR: 1.7%) were reported from 37 districts during epidemiological week 4 (23rd -29th January).
Almost 51% of all new cases were recorded in Baidao district, and 12% were reported from 4 districts in Puntland.
UNICEF’s 2017 Humanitarian Action for Children (HAC) appeal for Sudan launched in January amounted to US$ 110.25 million to respond to children’s humanitarian needs across the country. According to the 2016 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) for Sudan, an estimated 5.8 million people are in dire need of humanitarian assistance, including over 3 million children.
• The humanitarian situation in Somalia continues to deteriorate with 6.2 million people in need of assistance, representing more than half of the population, and a sharp increase of the population in need (5 million six months ago). This includes 2.9 million people in crisis and emergency (IPC Phase 3 and 4). Similarly, 363,000 children under-5 are acutely malnourished (up from 320,000 in August 2016), including 71,000 severely so (up from 50,000) and in need of urgent life-saving assistance.
Situation in Numbers
3,200,000 total people affected (OCHA-HNO)
1,100,000 /# of children in need of humanitarian assistance (UNICEF)
1,600,000 /# of adults in need of humanitarian assistance (OCHA-HNO)
41,110 suspected cholera cases and 441 fatalities (MSPP – 1 Jan to 24 Dec 2016) of which approximately 50 children under five years old (UNICEF)
With slow progress on a negotiated political solution to the conflict in Yemen, millions of children and their families will continue to suffer from the consequences of hostilities, interruption of public services, and ever more diminished livelihoods. The risk is that thousands of children will continue to face death from preventable causes.
Nearly 2.2 million Yemeni children are acutely malnourished and 462,000 suffer from severe acute malnutrition – almost a three-fold rise over 2014 levels.
La mission inter-agences à Ménaka a été motivée par la nécessité d’avoir une lecture globale et consensuelle de la situation humanitaire après la création de la nouvelle région de Ménaka, et une réponse adéquate aux besoins multisectoriels et croissants des populations cibles. La mission s’est déroulée du 22 au 28 novembre 2016, avec la participation de représentants d’OCHA, de la FAO, du PAM, de l’UNICEF, de l’UNHCR, du PNUD et de l’OMS.
On 19 December, an earthquake of 5.8 magnitude hit the northwest part of Ecuador in Esmeraldas province with epicenter in Atacames. Subsequently, 144 aftershocks took place in the area.
More than 4,000 people have been affected (including 3 people dead), while 145 buildings were damaged or destroyed.
Local working groups were immediately activated in order to respond.
Islamabad - 23 January 2017: The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a Memorandum of Understanding to utilise mobile technology for the empowerment of the young refugee population residing in Pakistan.
The partnership will utilise U-Report PakAvaz, UNICEF’s flagship innovative mobile-based social monitoring tool, to empower young people and community residents and strengthen community development and citizens' engagements, through SMS Technology.
The total displaced population decreased in 2016 to 3 million individuals. However, military activity has increased and humanitarian needs continue to be extremely high. The number of people remaining displaced and in camps, continued in 2016 but it is anticipated that many will return in 2017. UNICEF will continue to cover WASH, health, education and child protection for the existing and new IDP caseloads, and will help build services to facilitate returnees and host communities in 2017.
The situation in East Jerusalem remains tense. Child protection concerns continue as a result. During the fourth quarter, 220 arrests of children in East Jerusalem were documented by Wadi Hilweh Centre. UNICEF reached 195 children in conflict with the law (88.6 per cent of those identified) with legal support through the Wadi Hilweh Centre.
• UNICEF, the World Bank and the Ministry of Social Development disbursed the third tranche of the Cash Grant Top-up to 85,443 children (53% were girls) in 28,481 households, providing unconditional emergency support to families with children negatively affected by food insecurity and other drought related deprivations.
In December 2016, UNICEF has deployed 60 water trucks in Oromia Region to benefit an estimated 120,000 people with access to safe water.
UNICEF has also dispatched US$650,000 worth of household and community-level water treatment chemicals to different regions; and supported the rehabilitation and maintenance of sustainable water supply systems, which together benefitted around 700,000 people.
After an initial helicopter recce and security assessment mission to Rann on 22 December, the first Multi-Sector Initial Rapid Humanitarian Needs Assessment was initially organised for the 30 DEC 16.
Due to an attack against Rann, this mission had to be postponed and took eventually place on the 9 JAN 17. Technical representatives of the health, nutrition, WASH, food security, shelter and protection sectors were part of the assessment team.
• UNICEF and partners carried out the seventh complete periodic malnutrition screening of 300,000 children under 5 years of age (6 to 59 months) in October 2016. The screening found 2,146 children affected by severe acute malnutrition (SAM) and 10,484 affected by moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) in the 8 most affected districts. In 2016, 14,500 children with SAM have been treated.
• The cumulative number of children aged 6-59 months who were treated for severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in the 20 priority districts with high global acute malnutrition (GAM) levels (5% and above) at the end of November 2016, was 6,189.
Following violence in Bria (Haute Kotto prefecture) in November among two different Ex-Seleka factions, heavy fighting spread in the Ouaka prefecture for control of Bambari, displacing over 8,000 people.
As of the end of November, 434,000 people were reportedly internally displaced, a sharp increase (14,000 people) to the previous month due to the violence that broke out in north east (Bria) and central CAR (Bambari).
In December, over one hundred cease fire violations were recorded daily along the ‘contact line’;
Under the umbrella of UNHCR, UNICEF delivered 160 tons of education supplies and materials for schools and kindergartens in Luhansk, NGCA;
Due to destroyed powerlines, Siverskyi Donets-Donbass Channel, which supplies bulk water to more than four million people in Donetsk Oblast, has temporarily reduced water supply by 50 per cent;
After an initial helicopter recce and security assessment mission to Baga on 9 December, the first Multi-Sector Initial Rapid Humanitarian Needs Assessment took only place one month after that. Technical representatives of the health, nutrition, WASH, food security and protection sectors were part of the assessment team. The shelter and CCM sector team had travelled to Baga two days earlier but used the helicopter to assess 2 other towns in Kukawa LGA (Cross-Kauwa and Kukawa).