The undersigned international and national NGOs and respective NGO coordination fora welcome the fact that the international community, under the impetus of the EU, is convening in Brussels to address and respond to the Syria crisis.
Ten months on from the signature of a landmark agreement to reform emergency aid, critics worry that the process of translating 51 separate commitments into action is creating new layers of bureaucracy – the very thing the initiative was supposed to reduce.
Les Fonds de Financement Communs Pays (CBPF) permettent aux organisations humanitaires d’apporter une assistance rapide et efficace à ceux qui en ont le plus besoin. Ils permettent aux Gouvernements et aux donateurs privés de mettre en commun leurs ressources pour répondre à des crises spécifiques, qu’il s’agisse d’une catastrophe naturelle ou d’un conflit armé.
FONCTIONNEMENT DES CBPF
The volume, cost and length of humanitarian assistance provision over the past ten years has grown dramatically, in large part due to the protracted nature of crises. For example, inter-agency humanitarian appeals now last an average of seven years and the size of appeals has increased nearly 400 per cent in the last decade.
At the World Humanitarian Summit (WHS) in Istanbul in May 2016, global leaders came together to express their commitment to place people at the centre of decision-making and action. In doing so, they reaffirmed that the scale of current humanitarian issues required greater international cooperation. The Summit triggered a major shift in how the global community will work closer together to prevent and respond to human suffering.
THE ROAD TO A NEW WAY OF WORKING…
Summary Humanitarian action, the burden-sharing of emergency refugee assistance and the management of large-scale movements of people seeking asylum requires large financial appropriations by governments in their own countries, by states with financial means donating to states in need, and by international organisations, nongovernmental organisations and private enterprise.
War, the threat of famine and OCHA reform in 2017
2017 is already a year of brutal conflict and escalating humanitarian crises. More than 20 million people in north-east Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen are facing the threat of famine over the coming six months. In Iraq, Syria and Yemen, war rages on, with women and children suffering the most.
In this context, where more than 128 million people around the world need assistance, OCHA will undertake ambitious reforms to improve our effectiveness despite a significantly restricted budget.
The South Sudan Humanitarian Fund (SSHF) supports the timely allocation and disbursement of donor resources to respond to the most critical humanitarian needs across South Sudan in a strategic, coordinated, and strictly prioritized manner:
• Funds are channeled to where they are most needed according to the most urgent priorities within the Humanitarian Response Plan as agreed by the humanitarian community.
Vienna, Austria, March 14, 2017. Over 15 partner countries stand to benefit from the latest round of financing, totaling nearly US$190m, which was approved at the 158th Session of the Governing Board of the OPEC Fund for International Development (OFID). The public sector loans, which total US$106m, will support the following projects/programs:
Pooled funds are considered to be one of the most efficient mechanisms of humanitarian financing as they reduce transaction costs and allow for a better prioritization of assistance among different organizations. They enable humanitarian partners operating in countries affected by natural disasters and armed conflict to quickly deliver flexible and effective life-saving assistance to people who need it the most. You can contribute to two main types of pooled funds:
MAKE A FINANCIAL CONTRIBUTION TO A POOLED FUND
Ahead of the February 2017 regional dialogue, ICVA arranged a pre-meeting with NGO representatives to discuss their perspectives on regional implementation of the Grand Bargain. As a result of this pre-meeting, the current document was produced. There are many NGOs with diverse perspectives in the region, and we cannot present a consolidated position. However, in contributing to the discussions at hand, we ask participants in the Asia-Pacific Regional Dialogue on the Grand Bargain to consider the following points.
Since September, I’ve been able to introduce myself as CaLP’s Director. And it’s a real privilege and pleasure to do that. There couldn’t be a more exciting time to get involved in the world of cash. I’d like to thank everyone for their warm welcome.
I’ve met a lot of people and learnt a huge amount. A very clear picture has emerged. Humanitarian agencies are taking cash seriously and are looking for ways of working together to realise its full potential.
Donors will need to provide USD 4 billion of the total—a 45 per cent increase over current spending of USD 8.6 billion on global hunger programs—based on the traditional share of donor spending in developing countries.
The International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) and the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) joined forces to estimate what it would cost to end hunger by 2030. The research was supported by the New Venture Fund.
As of 28 February, United Nations Coordinated Appeals and Refugee Response Plans within the Global Humanitarian Overview (GHO) require $22.6 billion to meet the humanitarian needs of 95.3 million crisis-affected people in 33 countries. Needs and financial requirements have increased due to finalization of the Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) requesting around $2.1 billion and together the appeals are funded at $1.6 billion, leaving a shortfall of $21.0 billion.
The world’s wealthy countries and some emerging economies give aid to poorer countries in the name of economic development and to help overcome the problems they face.
Summary of key points and recommendations
Strategic Priority 1: Values-based diplomacy and Australia’s aid and development
1. There is a set of resilient, Australian values that will resonate with the majority of Australians and will motivate Australian society to see itself as having an open-minded, generous, outward-facing approach to the world. Australia’s foreign policy will have the support of the public when it reflects and projects those values.
It was a modest intervention — a drop in the ocean of global climate finance — yet it has made the difference between profit and loss for a group of businesswomen in southeast Kenya’s Makueni County.
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WHAT ARE POOLED FUNDS?
Pooled funds are multi-donor humanitarian financing mechanisms aiming to provide a flexible and response source of financing for emergencies. Pooled funding mechanisms, often managed by a fund manager or Secretariat, have received an increased investment from donors in recent years.
WHAT ARE SOME EXISTING POOLED FUNDS?
Overall UN managed pooled funds, including the Central Emergency Response Fund and Country Based Pooled Funds channeled US1.3 billion in 2015, representing a 28% increase from 2014.
What is the Grand Bargain?
Why was it created?
What does it hope to achieve?
What are the Grand Bargain work streams and how can I participate?
ICVA, a global network of humanitarian NGOs dedicated to principled and effective humanitarian action, has created this Grand Bargain briefing paper to support NGOs (and all humanitarian actors) better understand and engage in the Grand Bargain.
This briefing paper forms part of ICVA’s humanitarian financing learning stream.
Start Network members have begun working with Pakistan’s disaster authority to develop a new way of funding preventative action, aimed at helping vulnerable families threatened by drought.
The initiative is the first of its kind involving aid agencies. The planned pilot facility will release funds based on scientific triggers of drought, using insurance tools and principles. Aid agencies would be able to draw on the new source of funding to intervene before the worst effects of a drought are felt, enabling farmers and their families to protect their livestock and other assets.