Note d’information aux médias
5 MAI 2015 ¦ GENÈVE - Dans le monde, près de 80 millions de personnes subissent actuellement les conséquences de situations d’urgence humanitaire résultant de catastrophes naturelles et de conflits armés, comme en République centrafricaine, au Soudan du Sud, en République arabe syrienne, au Yémen et, plus récemment, au Népal. L’Organisation mondiale de la Santé (OMS) estime que 5 à 10% de ces personnes souffrent d’une affection mentale, comme la dépression, imputable à la situation d’urgence.
A record 38 million internally displaced worldwide as 30,000 people fled their homes each day in 2014
GENEVA 6 MAY 2015: A record-breaking 38 million people have been displaced within their own country by conflict or violence. This is the equivalent of the total populations of London, New York and Beijing combined. “These are the worst figures for forced displacement in a generation, signalling our complete failure to protect innocent civilians,” said Jan Egeland, secretary general at the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC).
Why this study?
The fifth meeting of the Emergency Committee under the International Health Regulations (2005) (IHR) regarding the international spread of wild poliovirus in 2014 - 15 was convened via teleconference by the Director-General on 24 April 2015. The following IHR States Parties submitted an update on the implementation of the Temporary Recommendations since the Committee last met on 17 February 2015: Afghanistan and Pakistan.
Amref Health Africa calls for greater focus on this important health worker cadre to reduce maternal deaths on the continent
International Day of the Midwife, May 5 2015
Snapshot 29 April–5 May 2015
Nepal: The death toll from the earthquake has reached 7,250, with more than 14,000 injured. Aftershocks are still occurring, and some villages have still not been reached. 300,000 homes are estimated to need rebuilding or repair.
Yemen: The estimated number of IDPs has doubled since 17 April to reach 300,000, as conflict continues. Food distribution, health, and WASH systems are on the verge of collapse, due in large part to severe fuel shortages.
Dans l’Indice international sur la situation des mères dans le monde publié par Save the Children, la Suisse occupe cette année encore la 13. place. La Norvège se classe première.
Selon le nouveau rapport sur la situation des mères dans le monde (State of the World’s Mothers Report) de Save the Children, la Suisse occupe le 13e rang parmi les 179 pays pris en compte dans le classement mondial concernant le bien-être des mères – exactement comme l’an dernier.
WHO/UNHCR issue new guide on mental health in humanitarian emergencies
5 MAY 2015 | GENEVA – Worldwide close to 80 million people are currently impacted by humanitarian emergencies arising from natural disasters and armed conflicts, such as those in the Central African Republic, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Yemen, and more recently, Nepal. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates 5% to 10% of these people suffer from a mental health condition such as depression as a result of the emergency.
Los desastres ocurridos entre enero y abril de 2015 afectaron a cerca de 4.5 millones de personas.
Las inundaciones y las sequías son los fenómenos más reportados en el primer cuatrimestre de 2015.
La región centroamericana sigue presentando altos índices de violencia. Honduras registró en diciembre de 2014 una tasa de percepción de inseguridad de 70.5%.
Disasters affected 4.5 million people between January and April 2015.
Latin America and the Caribbean prepares for the World Humanitarian Summit with a Regional Consultation to be held in May in Guatemala City.
Floods and drought are the most numerous disasters in the first quarter of 2015.
Central America continues to show high rates of violence.
Honduras reached a rate of 70.5% perceived insecurity in December 2014.
There is a widespread myth that dead bodies cause epidemics in a disaster. This is not the case; the bodies of people who have died in a disaster do not spread disease.
After a disaster, the top priority is to look after the living. Rushing to bury the dead diverts resources away from rescue efforts and can make it impossible to identify bodies later.
Read our Frequently Asked Questions on dealing with dead bodies in a disaster.
The Executive Board at its 136th session noted an earlier version of this report and expressed support for the proposals contained in the draft decision in that report concerning intensified eradication strategies and the removal of type 2 component of the oral poliovirus vaccine.
On Saturday 25 April, an earthquake of magnitude 7.8 on the Richter scale struck the poor, landlocked and mountainous Asian state of Nepal. By 30 April, the death toll had risen to more than 5,500 and the UN estimates that 8million people across the country are affected by the disaster – more than a quarter of the population.
By Iain T R Kennedy, Dave N. Petley, Richard Williams, Virginia Murray
Joshua Bukenya was barely a week old when he started having convulsions in March, 2014. His worried parents took him to be prayed over at a church near their home in eastern Uganda's Buyende district. At first, it seemed to work, said his mother, Mera. But, with time, it became clear that the child's head was growing abnormally large. In November, his mother brought him to the CURE Children's Hospital in the city of Mbale for treatment.
The eradication of wildpolio virus remains one of the most pressing health challenges in Africa.
The continent witnessed the majority of global polio cases in 2013, and is home to one of the three last countries in the world where polio is still endemic, Nigeria. Polio is highly contagious and one of the most difficult diseases to eradicate. About 90 per cent of all children in any given community must receive multiple immunizations to wipe out the virus. No other global health effort in history has posed such a logistical challenge.