Washington, D.C., 24 December 2014 (PAHO/WHO) - The year 2014 was marked by progress as well as significant challenges for public health in the Americas. The region's countries advanced toward goals including universal health coverage, expanded access to vaccination, and ensuring that fewer babies are born with HIV. They also confronted major new challenges, including the arrival and spread of the chikungunya virus and the need to prepare for the possible imported cases of Ebola.
The year ends with real – and fragile – progress: the longest stretch in history without wild poliovirus in Africa, large outbreaks stopped in the Middle East and the Horn of Africa, a certified polio-free South East Asia and no wild poliovirus type 3 for over 2 years. This will be the last weekly update of 2014.
A debilitating mosquito-borne virus, called Chikungunya, has stricken more than 1 million people in the Western Hemisphere since spreading there a year ago.
The Pan-American Health Organization reports 155 reported deaths as of December 12, almost all in the Caribbean island nations of Guadeloupe and Martinique. There have been 1,900 cases reported in travelers returning to the United States.
Vulnerability to Dengue Virus: First Global Maps Published by UN University
Large parts of Europe, South America face rising vulnerability
The first-ever maps of global vulnerability to dengue, a mosquito-borne tropical virus that produces a painful condition of body joints sometimes referred to as "breakbone fever," were published today by UN University's Canadian-based Institute for Water, Environment and Health.
Brazzaville, 22 December 2014 – No region needs to scale up its health systems more than Africa. People get sick and die in many cases because the systems for disease prevention and control are not in place or – if they are – they do not function properly.
Research and Evidence Division (RED) is responsible for making DFID more systematic in the use of evidence and thereby having greater development impact by:
Human Development Department purpose The vision for HDD is for a world where everyone fulfils their potential. We aim to deliver policy and programmes that link clearly to this aim, by giving centre stage to poor people, girls and women and those left behind.
Despite reasonable growth rates, the Asia Pacific region is home to 743 milliion people living on less than $1.25 per day, and 1.6 billion on less than $2 per day (40% of the population) (UNESCAP 2013). The core countries of the Asia Regional Programme are among those with the worst poverty rates in Asia (e.g. 76%, 60% 53% on less than $2 per day in Bangladesh, Pakistan and Nepal respectively). The development challenges are complex and multidimensional – with significant economic, political, social and environmental drivers.
Sub Saharan Africa has 12% of the world’s population but is home to just under a third of the world’s poor. Its economy has a combined Gross National Income only 9% larger than the Netherlands. Africa needs economic growth to reduce poverty, but its economic and political geography presents some significant challenges that will not be overcome through working at country level alone.
Workers involved in handling, treatment, transport and disposal of medical, laboratory and other waste must be protected from exposure to Ebola virus—which causes Ebola virus disease—and from physical and chemical hazards that may be associated with waste management tasks.
FOOD SECURITY AND NUTRITION
Nutrition challenges are not only about a lack of food. Malnutrition often arises when there is a gap in knowledge about positive nutrition behaviours – including what to eat, the importance of a balanced diet, and how to prepare foods to retain nutrients. Where CPAR works, diets are typically heavily starch based, limited to one or two food groups and locally available nutritious foods have been overlooked. This is why CPAR integrates nutrition and health education into all of our programming.
The Conflict, Humanitarian and Security Department’s goal is to help improve the capacity of DFID, Whitehall and the international community to prevent conflict, reduce the vulnerability of fragile states to crises, and respond to the effects of conflict, insecurity, violence and natural disasters on poor people, and especially women and girls
577 Index of countries/areas
577 Index, Volume 89, 2014, Nos. 1–52
580 Revised guidance on meningitis outbreak response in sub-Saharan Africa
587 Monthly report on dracunculiasis cases, January– October 2014
577 Index des pays/zones
577 Index, Volume 89, 2014, Nos 1-52
580 Révision des orientations pour la riposte aux flambées de méningite en Afrique subsaharienne
587 Rapport mensuel des cas de dracunculose, janvier-octobre 2014
The Statistical Yearbook 2014 is an electronic file only, it consists of (1) short analytical texts on 32 selected diverse topics, such as population, education, health, poverty and inequalities, gender, economy, environment and connectivity in the region and related key messages as well as relevant data tables, and (2) country profiles of main development indicators for each of the 58 regional member countries/areas of ESCAP.
The Statistical Yearbook is accompanied by the following products:
As 2014 draws to a close, the polio program has made substantial progress toward eradicating the disease.
At the beginning of the year, India celebrated its third year without a wild polio case, paving the way for the South-East Asia Region to be certified polio-free. Now, 80% of the world’s population lives in certified polio-free regions.
In November, we marked two years without a single case of wild poliovirus type 3, potentially leaving only one of the three strains of the wild poliovirus remaining.
"We must learn from each other" says Dr Nehal Hefny, Programs and Projects Coordinator at the Egyptian Red Crescent Society. The latest newsletter of the Health Care in Danger project features a variety of articles including updates about the project, the field case study of Nepal and two interviews with experts working in the field.
This issue of the magazine examines some of the possible psychosocial consequences of working in dangerous situations, and how workers can protect themselves.
It includes a briefing note on providing psychosocial support in epidemics, as well as recommendations for health care workers on how best to operate when offering psychosocial support in dangerous situations.
Please see the bottom of this post for links to download the magazine in English, French and Spanish.