Health

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28 Apr 2016 description

ZIKA VIRUS DISEASE, MICROCEPHALY AND GUILLAIN-BARRÉ SYNDROME

 As of 27 April, 55 countries and territories report continuing mosquito-borne transmission; for 42 countries this is their first documented Zika virus outbreak (Fig. 1).

 Mosquito-borne transmission (Table 1):

 42 countries are experiencing a first outbreak of Zika virus since 2015, with no previous evidence of circulation, and with ongoing transmission by mosquitos.

 13 countries reported evidence of Zika virus transmission between 2007 and 2014, with ongoing transmission.

27 Apr 2016 description

GLOBAL HEALTH IMPACTS

• Severe drought and associated food insecurity, flooding, rains and temperature rises due to El Niño 2015-2016 are causing a wide range of health problems, including disease outbreaks, malnutrition and disruption of health services.

• El Niño 2015-2016 is affecting more than 60 million people, especially in Eastern and Southern Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean and Asia-Pacific.

26 Apr 2016 description

Climate change heightens Pacific island countries’ vulnerability, according to a new report by WHO

Ensuring a health-in-all-policies approach, health considerations should be incorporated into national policies and plans relevant to climate change

25 Apr 2016 description

Les syndromes suivants ont été signalés :

  • Maladies diarrhéiques : Niue, Tokelau

  • Syndrome grippal : Samoa américaines, Tokelau, Nouvelle-Calédonie

Autres relevés :

Chikungunya

21 Apr 2016 description

SUMMARY

From 1 January 2007 to 20 April 2016, Zika virus transmission was documented in a total of 66 countries and territories.

Mosquito-borne transmission:

  • 42 countries are experiencing a first outbreak of Zika virus since 2015, with no previous evidence of circulation, and with ongoing transmission by mosquitos.

  • 17 countries have reported evidence of Zika virus transmission prior to 2015, with or without ongoing transmission or have reported an outbreak since 2015 that is now over.

19 Apr 2016 description

The following syndromes have been flagged:

· Acute Fever and Rash: Fiji

· Diarrhoea: Fiji

· Influenza-like Illness: Kiribati, Tokelau, New Caledonia

· Prolonged fever: Fiji, Kiribati

Other updates:

Zika virus

· Tonga: As of 27 March 2016 there have been 2420 cases since 1 January 2016. The weekly number of cases is decreasing. For further information please refer to Dr Seini Kupu’s PacNet posting on 8 April 2016.

18 Apr 2016 description

Miami, United States | AFP | Monday 4/18/2016 - 21:47 GMT

Extreme weather events are expected to strike more often due to climate change, and a study published Monday detailed how a 2014 storm triggered a health crisis on the Solomon Islands.

The report in the American Journal of Tropical Medicine examined the aftermath of Tropical Cyclone Ita, which drenched the capital, Honiara, with more than 24 inches (60 centimeters) of rain from April 2-4.

14 Apr 2016 description

SUMMARY

From 1 January 2007 to 13 April 2016, Zika virus transmission was documented in a total of 64 countries and territories.

Mosquito-borne transmission:

 42 countries are experiencing a first outbreak of Zika virus since 2015, with no previous evidence of circulation, and with ongoing transmission by mosquitos.  17 countries have reported evidence of Zika virus transmission prior to 2015, with or without ongoing transmission or have reported an outbreak since 2015 that is now over.

Person-to-person transmission: 

24 Mar 2016 description

SUMMARY

 From 1 January 2007 to 23 March 2016, Zika virus transmission was documented in a total of 61 countries and territories. Four of these countries and territories reported a Zika virus outbreak that is now over. Argentina and New Zealand are the latest countries to report sexual transmission of Zika virus. Thus, five countries have now reported locally acquired infection in the absence of any known mosquito vectors, probably through sexual transmission (Argentina, France, Italy, New Zealand and the United States of America).