Although at a slightly decreased rate compared to previous months, large numbers of Eritrean refugees continued to cross the Ethiopian border into Tigray region. The increased influx resulted in a congested reception center and shortages of shelter in the camps.
23,646 people (3,941 households) in four kebeles in Legahida woreda and five kebeles in Salahad woreda require emergency water trucking support.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Harvesting of main “meher” season crops is complete and overall production prospects are favourable
In southern and southeastern pastoral areas, “deyr/hagaya” rains (October-December) were generally below-average and ended earlier than usual
Below-average “xays/dada” rains affected pasture conditions in northern Afar region
Cereal prices decline or remain stable in most markets
The total number of South Sudanese refugees who have entered Ethiopia since the outbreak of the conflict in mid-December 2013 is now over 194,847 individuals, comprising 192,245 individuals who entered through Gambella and 2,602 who entered through the Assosa region.
The rate of new arrivals to Ethiopia from South Sudan has remained relatively low as the rainy season has drawn to an end, with 870 new arrivals entering since 1 December 2014.
December 2014 marked the first anniversary of the South Sudan conflict as efforts to restore peace and stability in Africa’s newest State continue.
One year since thousands of South Sudanese mostly women and children fled to seek refuge in Ethiopia, and in particular in the Gambella Region, the Government of Ethiopia, UNHCR and partners have been responding to the refugee emergency amid challenges.
Flooding in many areas of Ethiopia prompts multi-agency humanitarian response
Food security mostly stable, some areas experience deterioration; malnutrition increases in areas of Somali and Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples (SNNP) regions
The distribution of the sixth round relief food ration started last week for 3.2 million relief food beneficiaries nationwide.
UNHCR and partners will expedite the development of the new Koben camp in Gambella region despite funding shortfalls.
Four of 11 water trucks requested for Oromia are operating in Borena, East Hararge and West Hararge zones
Dispatch and Distribution of the sixth round relief food ration starts
Minister Paolo Gentiloni signed three new cooperation accords with Ethiopia during a visit to Addis Ababa, on food security, socio-economic support for women and healthcare system development.
Ethiopia important for Italian cooperation
The total number of South Sudanese refugees who have entered Ethiopia since the outbreak of the conflict in mid-December 2013 is now over 194,546 individuals, comprising 191,944 individuals who entered through Gambella and 2,602 who entered through the Assosa region. This brings the total number of South Sudanese refugees in Ethiopia to 251,545 individuals.
- Pugnido is the oldest camp in the Gambella Region of Western Ethiopia, and is hosting both refugees that arrived twenty years ago (since 1993) and those that have arrived within recent months (after 15th December 2013 following armed conflict in South Sudan). There are also refugees who arrived in 2012 followed by 2011 civil war in South Sudan.
Areas of Origin
Pattern in Population Change
- Kule Refugee Camp was opened on 17 May 2014 to receive the new arrivals, transiting mainly from Akobo, Pagak and Burbiey entry points.
Areas of Origin
- The population is primarily comprised of refugees originating from South Sudan’s Unity, Upper Nile and Jonglei states.
- The refugees are predominantly ethnic Luo‐Nuer.
- Primarily farmers and pastoralists
- It a year since Ethiopia opened its doors to fleeing South Sudanese refugees. Since mid‐December 2013 when people began arriving at Ethiopian border, Pagak entry point has received 94,239 refugees (almost 50% of all new arrival refugees to Ethiopia since December 2013). Most of these refugees were relocated to Kule, Tierkidi and leictour camps and of recent more than 1,100 relocated to Pugnido refugee camp. Sporadic numbers of new arrival refugees are still being recorded at Pagak.
Areas of Origin
Pamdong transit site was established to decongest Pagak entry point, after both Kule and Tierkidi camps reached their full capacity. Refugees stayed at Pamdong for about five months and were recently relocated to Pugnido refugee camp with about 200 refugees remaining at the location.
Areas of Origin
The refugees are mainly from Malakal state in South Sudan.
The refugees are predominantly ethnic Luo‐Nuer.
The total number of South Sudanese refugees who have entered Ethiopia since the outbreak of the conflict in mid-December 2013 is now over 194,546 individuals, comprising 191,944 individuals who entered through Gambella and 2,602 who entered through the Assosa region.
The average arrival rate of South Sudanese refugees to the Gambella region has remained low, with approximately 70 new arrivals received during the week through Pagak and Akobo entry points.
The 2014 meher humanitarian needs assessment teams concluded the assessment on 21 December.
Assessment results, coupled with a five-year sector and weather trends analysis, and preliminary seasonal forecast by the National Meteorological Agency (NMA) will be used to project humanitarian needs in 2015. The launch of the 2015 Humanitarian Requirements Document is tentatively scheduled for the last week of January.
The 2014 HRD was funded at 58 per cent, including $50.7 million carried over from 2013 and $67 million from the PSNP’s Risk Financing Mechanism.
2014 Humanitarian Response Overview
Maize is the most widely consumed cereal by the rural poor. Sorghum is generally one of the cheapest cereals. Teff is also very important throughout the country. The most important markets for teff are the large cities including Addis Ababa, Bahir Dar, Mekele, and Dire Dawa. Addis Abada is the capital city, and Dire Dawa, Mekele, and Jijiga are major towns in the eastern, mainly food insecure, parts of the country. Bahir Dar is a major town in a surplus producing area.
Measles cases continue to be reported in large numbers despite on-going Government efforts for mass immunization.
More than 15,500 suspected measles cases were reported in 2014.
The 2014 meher humanitarian needs assessment teams concluded the assessment on 21 December. Preliminary reports indicate that despite the late onset, the kiremt rains performed well in most parts of the country.