2015 HRD LAUNCHED
On 6 March, the Government launched the 2015 Humanitarian Requirements Document. The appeal calls for US$386 million to address the relief food needs of 2.9 million people and emergency needs in the nutrition, WaSH, health, agriculture and education sectors.
With $41 million carry-over from 2014, the amount required to fund humanitarian operations during the year is $344 million.
The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing users to compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year.
Resource shortfalls are reported for the second and third rounds relief food ration for 2015.
Seasonal rains started in most woredas. Assessment in the coming days will determine the impact of the rains on availability of water and pasture.
The Japanese Government donated US$11.8 million to assist South Sudanese refugees and host communities in Gambella region. UNHCR will receive $5.8 million, WFP $5 million and WHO $1 million.
This Indicator Report provides a monthly snapshot of the regional response to the South Sudan Situation. The indicators included report on the Post 15 December 2013 South Sudan caseload only. The report is prepared through collaboration with the reporting country and the Regional Support Hub, Nairobi.
The notes below provide further contextual information on various sector indicators:
• All recovery rates for both SAM (OTP) and MAM (TSFP) are well within the SPHERE standards of performance.
ADDIS ABABA - The UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the UN World Food Programme (WFP) and the World Health Organization (WHO) today thanked the government of Japan for its generous and timely donation of US$11.8 million to assist South Sudanese refugees and the host community in Gambella regional state in western Ethiopia.
The three UN agencies acknowledged the Japanese Ambassador in Ethiopia, His Excellency Mr. Kazuhiro Suzuki, for the crucial contribution to deliver life-saving assistance and services to refugees and the host community.
February–May seasonal rainfall may be below average, causing households in Afar, Oromiya, and Somali regions to continue experiencing Crisis—IPC 3—levels of food insecurity through June*
The Government of Ethiopia (GoE) Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD) 2015 appeals for $344.9 million to fund relief operations during 2015
Two-year-old Hawsak lies fatigued in a small camel skin bed, gripped by the agony of an ‘identified’ illness. She is emaciated and has been suffering diarrhoea and vomiting for the past four weeks.
Her house is one of the small bush houses in Fiq woreda (administrative district) in the Somali region of Ethiopia. Her grandmother, Ansha, explained that the family felt Hawsak’s problem was caused by demons and that they had to take her to traditional healer to determine how to pacify the offended gods.
Dima Halke’s livelihood is milk. As the only provider for her eight children, 49-year-old Dima sells the milk her cattle produce to buy food, medicine and supplies for her family. Her cows are her only asset — and her only source of income.
Like the rest of her pastoral community in Ethiopia, Dima’s survival is dependent solely on her livestock.
The 2015 appeal calls for US$386 million to address the relief food needs of 2.9 million people and emergency needs in the nutrition, WaSH, health, agriculture and education sectors. With $41 million carry-over from 2014, the target is $344 million. Additional humanitarian needs are expected in all sectors in the coming weeks given the delayed 2015 belg (mid-February to May) rains and its impact on water availability as well as food and nutrition situations in affected areas.
At least US$386 million is needed to fund humanitarian operations in 2015, but funding prospects are bleak.
The first round relief allocations for 2015 started on 16 March. Available resources will be used, including $17 million carry-over from 2014, un- dispatched 2014 6th round resources and new contributions.
DRMFSS’ ENCU urged expedite nutrition project proposal preparation and submission (ideally submit by 15 March) to ensure a timely response during the peak malnutrition season (March-July)
At the onset of the emergency in South Sudan (mid‐December 2013), refugees began arriving at various Ethiopian border entry points (mainly Pagak, Burbiey and Akobo). They were relocated to established camps, such as Tierkidi Camp.
Areas of Origin
The Tierkidi camp population is primarily comprised of refugees from South Sudan’s Upper Nile and Jonglei States.
The refugees are predominantly ethnic Nuer (99%)
Established at the onset of the emergency in South Sudan (mid‐December 2013). Refugees began arriving at Ethiopian border entry points (Akobo, Pagak, Burbiey, Pochalla) and were relocated to Leitchuor Camp.
Areas of Origin
This camp caseload comprises of refugees mainly from South Sudan’s Unity, Upper Nile and Jonglei states.
The refugees are predominantly ethnic Luo‐Nuer with an Anuak minority population.
Pattern in Population Change
As the refugee camps in Gambella quickly reached their capacity, Kule Refugee Camp was opened on 17 May 2014 to receive the new arrivals, transiting mainly from Akobo, Pagak and Burbiey entry points. Areas of Origin The population is primarily comprised of refugees originating from South Sudan’s Unity, Upper Nile and Jonglei states.
The refugees are predominantly ethnic Luo‐Nuer.
Pugnido is the oldest refugee camp in the Gambella Region of Western Ethiopia, and is hosting both refugees that arrived twenty years ago (since 1993) and those that have arrived within recent months (after 15th December 2013). There are also refugees who arrived in 2012 following 2011 tribal conflict in Jonglei Sate of South Sudan.
Areas of Origin
The camp population is primarily comprised of refugees from South Sudan’s Jonglei State (72%) and Upper Nile (27%)
This matrix is prepared and published monthly, representing what happened in various sectors in the particular reference month. This indicators matrix is a step towards showing a comprehensive picture of the current situation in Gambella region and establishing a basis for initial trend and gap analysis.
The total number of South Sudanese refugees who have entered Ethiopia since the outbreak of the conflict in mid-December 2013 is now 192,734, including 4,575 unaccompanied minors and 14,258 separated children. In total 250,000 South Sudanese refugees are resident in Ethiopia, Gambella Region.
The average daily arrival rate of South Sudanese refugees to Gambella Region has remained low during the month of January, with an average of 78 individuals
Innovative partnership operational in five countries
10 March 2015, Rome - An innovative partnership spanning five African countries is providing important lessons on how governments can procure food for public institutions, such as schools, directly from small-scale family farmers. Modelled on Brazil's achievements in fighting hunger and poverty, the Purchase from Africans for Africa programme (PAA Africa) helps promote local agricultural production while also improving livelihoods and nutrition.