Chiara Altare, Tefera Darge Delbiso and Debarati Guha-Sapir
By Alastair Leithead
Ethiopia is the world's fastest growing economy. So when drought struck why did it need international help?
Read the full report on BBC
Baltimore, MD (IOCC) — International Orthodox Christian Charities (IOCC) is responding to the urgent needs of families in Ethiopia suffering through the most severe drought in 30 years. More than 10 million people face severe hunger and loss of livestock across the dry and barren plains of western Ethiopia.
- El Niño“drought effect” likely to have a long-lasting impact as people’ resilience continues to be eroded
- Ethiopia battling worst drought in decades
- Drought, food in security and power shortages stalk southern Africa region
- Cholera, a preventable disease, kills thousands across eastern and southern Africa
- Protracted conflicts to complicate humanitarian situation
- Funding shortfalls paralyse humanitarian responses
The effects of a super El Niño are set to put the world’s humanitarian system under an unprecedented level of strain in 2016 as it already struggles to cope with the fallout from conflicts in Syria, South Sudan, Yemen and elsewhere. In Ethiopia the government estimates that 10.2 million people, on top of the 8 million that will receive support through the governments' safety net programme, will need humanitarian assistance this year at a cost of $1.4 billion, due to a drought that's been exacerbated by El Niño.
The World Bank-supported Productive Safety Nets Program has helped to put in place systems which continue to serve as the backbone of the government’s disaster prevention and relief efforts
The program reduces the number of people needing humanitarian assistance by eight million by providing cash transfers to 318 food-insecure districts
The program has also helped to build roads, watersheds and 4,300 school rooms, helping to address root causes of vulnerability and poverty
Ethiopia is in the grip of its worst drought in recent history. More than ten million people are in need of assistance according to the Government and humanitarian agencies. On Sunday 31 January, the UN World Food Programme (WFP) Executive Director Ertharin Cousin and UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon visited Ethiopia to see first-hand the consequences of the drought in one of the worst affected areas.
- Gambella region in Ethiopia is hosting more than 260 000 South Sudanese refugees. The region is also regularly affected by internal displacement.
- The situation in Gambella town is tense at the moment after several security incidents linked to inter-ethnic clashes involving Nuer and Anuak ethnic groups. The conflict erupted on 20 January, initially in Gambella town and Itang woreda. However, tensions and clashes expanded to other areas. The situation is unpredictable and clashes may continue for weeks to come.
USAID announces an additional $97 million in emergency food assistance to support drought-affected populations.
Administrator Smith discusses drought response in Addis Ababa and visits USAID projects in Tigray
Ogolcho, Ethiopia, 31 January 2016
I’m very moved to be in this Oromia region with the Deputy Prime Minister. I am here with the Executive Director of the World Food Programme. Thank you very much for your warm welcome.
The Government and its partners agreed on the need to take action immediately to fill gaps and on the need for a holistic and collaborative approach to effectively address the emergency.
The Government alone contributed $381 million to the drought response, including $272 million in 2015 and 109 million so far in 2016.
OCHA’s Humanitarian Response Fund (HRF) will soon release a multisector call for proposals.
The current food security crisis in Ethiopia appear to be the result of a combination of factors that includes the pre-El Niño failure of the spring rains and the El Niño induced late onset, erratic and early cessation of the main summer rains. With the exception of some unseasonal rains, the northern half of Ethiopia faces a period of between five (eastern highlands agriculture zone) to eight months (western highlands agriculture zone) without rain.
Sunday, January 31, 2016
USAID Press Office
Telephone: +1.202.712.4320 | Email: USAIDPressOfficers@usaid.gov | Twitter: @USAIDPress
WASHINGTON, D.C. - U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) Administrator Gayle Smith announced an additional $97 million in emergency assistance for Ethiopia today, to address the ongoing humanitarian crisis resulting from the impacts of the El Niño phenomenon.
Findings from Agridiet, a three year research project funded by Irish Aid and led by University College Cork, were presented this week at the Institute of International and European Affairs in Dublin. Agridiet aimed to investigate the links between agriculture and nutrition in Ethiopia and Tanzania. It also sought to suggest ways to ensure better nutrition and better health outcomes through agricultural policy.
31 January 2016 – The international community must stand with the people of Ethiopia in their time of need, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said today, urging donors gathered in Addis Ababa to step up assistance to the drought-hit country, which is battling the effects of one of the most powerful El Niño events in recorded history, made worse by the impact of climate change.
Maize is the most widely consumed cereal by the rural poor. Sorghum is generally one of the cheapest cereals. Teff is also very important throughout the country. The most important markets for teff are the large cities including Addis Ababa, Bahir Dar, Mekele, and Dire Dawa. Addis Abada is the capital city, and Dire Dawa, Mekele, and Jijiga are major towns in the eastern, mainly food insecure, parts of the country. Bahir Dar is a major town in a surplus producing area.
By James Jeffrey
IDAGA HAMUS, Ethiopia, Jan 29 2016 (IPS) - Inside a health clinic run by the Catholic Daughters of Saint Anne, a nurse wraps a special tape measure around the upper arm of 2-year-old Rodas cradled in her mother’s arms. The tape reads yellow, meaning “moderately” malnourished, according to the attending nurse.
Close by 17-year-old Milite describes not having enough food at her grandmother’s home where she lives, and the soldier father deserting them, she starts crying.
Minister Charles Flanagan, MoS Sean Sherlock, Irish Aid, Press Releases, Africa, 2016,
- Ireland has now contributed €9.1 million emergency humanitarian relief for Ethiopian crisis
- Ministers acknowledge the scale of the humanitarian crisis and the leadership role played by the Ethiopian Government
In response to the serious emergency situation caused by the “El Nino” climate phenomenon, that for months has been affecting the Horn of Africa, and Ethiopia in particular, the Italian Ministry for Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation has decided to allocate one million euros for food security interventions in Ethiopia. The Italian cooperation funding will be equally divided between the World Food Programme (WFP) and the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).