The on-going El Niño phenomenon will continue to negatively affect rainfall patterns until the first quarter of 2016.
The relief food beneficiary figure is expected to increase for the remainder of 2015. The HRD midyear review is tentatively scheduled to be launched in mid-August.
Following the cholera outbreak in South Sudan, health partners in Gambella are working with the Government to implement preventive and control measures, including awareness raising and drug pre-positioning by UNICEF.
The general security situation in Gambella Region has been calm, with no incidents reported during the week, with exception of the fire exchange between the federal police and alleged armed men from South Sudan which was reported in Pagak entry point. This resulted in a temporary restriction of movements across the border. The incident was later peacefully resolved by regional authorities.
The 2015 HRD mid-year review tentatively scheduled to be launched in mid-August.
76 of the 97 priority one woredas have on-going or committed therapeutic feeding program interventions leaving a gap of 21 woredas, the majority in Afar and Somali regions.
Without timely interventions, the nutrition hotspot priority two woredas are likely to become priority one woredas September 2015. come
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Unfavourable prospects for 2015 secondary “belg” season cereal crops
Poor livestock body conditions in most pastoral areas due to dry weather conditions affecting pasture and water
Cereal prices increasing in June due to progress of lean season coupled with unfavourable prospects for “belg” season
Food security conditions deteriorate in “belg” season dependent areas as well as in most pastoralist areas
South Sudanese refugees continued to arrive in Ethiopia at a daily average rate of 205 people. They crossed through Pagak, Akobo, Burbiey and Raad entry points and told UNHCR staff that they were fleeing generalized violence and food insecurity in Upper Nile and Jonglei states in particular.
Pattern in Population Change
- As the refugee camps in Gambella quickly reached their capacity, Kule Refugee Camp was opened on 17 May 2014 to receive the new arrivals, transiting mainly from Akobo, Pagak and Burbiey entry points.
Areas of Origin
- The population is primarily comprised of refugees originating from South Sudan’s Unity, Upper Nile and Jonglei states.
- At the onset of the emergency in South Sudan (mid-December 2013), refugees arrived at various Ethiopian border entry points (mainly Pagak, Burbiey and Akobo). They were relocated to established camps, such as Tierkidi Camp.
Areas of Origin
- The Tierkidi camp population is primarily comprised of refugees from South Sudan’s Upper Nile and Jonglei States.
Due to failed rains, the population in Ethiopia dependant on food distribution and other humanitarian assistance is in the process of increasing from 2.9 million to at least 3.9 million, reaching 2011 drought levels. The hunger season in affected Belg rains-benefitting areas such as central and eastern SNNPR and Eastern Amhara will be extended. Poor households in the affected areas will be in crisis situation from July onwards. Increases of more than 20% in malnutrition cases have been reported in different parts of the country.
The HRF is a country based pooled fund that is designed to facilitate rapid humanitarian response in the event of slow or sudden-onset disasters to save lives and protect threatened livelihoods. UN agencies, international and national Non-Governmental Organizations and the Ethiopian Red cross are eligible recipients. Given the increasing humanitarian needs in all Sectors and low funding level, the HRF response strategy during the first half of the year focused its support to life-saving interventions.
Near term humanitarian prospects for Ethiopia are worrisome due to insufficient funding, combined with operational challenges.
Pregnant and breastfeeding women and other vulnerable South Sudanese asylum seekers need to be prioritized for registration and relocation to existing camps pending the opening of Pugnido II.
704,816Total number of refugees
36,733 New arrivals in 2015
49.6% Percentage of women and girls
36,109 Number of Unaccompanied Minors and Separated Children
AS NEED GROWS, INSUFFICIENT FUNDING LIMITS RESPONSE
Despite the urgency to increase nutrition support in areas affected by the failed belg (mid-February-May) season, funding shortfalls are limiting partners’ capacity to expand their operation. Food insecurity is expected to deepen and malnutrition to rise in the coming months given the on-going El Niño phenomenon negatively affecting rainfall patterns throughout the year and through the first half of 2016.
The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing users to compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year.
More support needed to address the deteriorating humanitarian context in the country. The net 2015 HRD requirement is still at 41 per cent funded. The relief food caseload is likely to increase following the mid-year review
Limited truck availability to move relief food supplies continue to delay the relief operation
South Sudanese refugees continue to arrive in Gambella at a daily average rate of 209 people. Akobo, Pagak and Pochalla are the main crossing points.
Poor households in central SNNPR and northeastern Amhara to enter Crisis in July
Despite some Belg rainfall in May, after starting late, the cumulative March to May Belg rains were well below average. As a result, planted area was low, and many crops have not developed as early as is typical. During dry spells in March and April, a significant proportion of Belg crops wilted .