The deadly fighting in South Sudan has created enormous challenges for neighbouring Uganda. From food shortage to water-borne diseases, the humanitarian needs are greater than ever before.
“We ran for our lives to avoid being killed. I spent all the money I had to bring my children to safety in Uganda,” says Agnes Drabua (35). She is one among thousands of refugees who crossed the border into neighbouring Uganda last month.
Hundreds of unaccompanied minors are among the 80,000 people who have fled to Uganda since July, when civil hostilities resumed in South Sudan
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4,854 people have fled to Uganda over the past three days, 1,293 on Friday, 2,059 on Saturday and 1,502 on Sunday.
848 people crossed in to Uganda using the Elegu (Adjumani axis) border point, 143 in Moyo, 18 in Lamwo and 3,845 in Oraba. More than three times as many people crossed in Oraba than Elegu, the latter of which had previously been the main point of entry. This reflects that most new arrivals in Uganda are now mostly fleeing from Central Equatoria, as compared to Eastern Equatoria in earlier weeks.
Nairobi/Geneva 29 August 2016 – As thousands of South Sudanese continue to flee their conflict-ridden country, and with projections for that influx to continue over the remainder of the year, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) is calling for immediate support to ensure these families receive the life-saving assistance they need.
WFP is supporting the establishment of hot meals in newly opened settlements in Pagirinya (Adjumani District), and Bidibidi (Yumbe District) to respond better to the refugee influx.
Due to funding funding, WFP is implementing 50 percent ration reductions for refugees who arrived in Uganda before 01 July 2015, with the exception of malnourished children under five years, pregnant women and nursing mothers.
1.1 Food security situation
Overall food security classification shows that half of the population in Karamoja (50%) is food insecure, of which 12% were found to be severely food insecure. While these findings suggest a marginal increase in food insecurity at regional (Karamoja) level since June 2015, there were marked district level variations:
Significant deterioration in Kaabong, Kotido, Napak & Abim districts;
Marked improvement in Moroto & Nakapiripirit districts;
Overwhelmed aid agencies in Uganda are armed with insufficient resources to respond to South Sudanese refugees spilling across the border, after renewed violence pushed over 85,000 people into Uganda’s West Nile region since July.
Uganda Red Cross Volunteers on June 26th braved the night, cold and bloody boarder of Nimule – Connecting Uganda to South Sudan in rescue of refugees fleeing uncertainty when fighting broke out in Wau, South Sudan forcing thousands of people to flee to Uganda. The situation has since been tense and alarming. Hundreds of lives have been claimed in the fights and many more rescued because of the presence of Humanitarian support from key players like Uganda Red Cross.
Tuesday 15th August - The Government of Uganda - Office of the Prime Minister (OPM), United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and World Food Programme (WFP) have appealed to donors to urgently speed contributions to the humanitarian response to refugees in Uganda to end a funding shortage that has forced a revision of survival rations.
• 75,842 South Sudanese refugees have now arrived in Uganda since 1 July 2016, with 64 per cent comprising children. 84 per cent of the arrivals are women and children.
Some 70,000 South Sudanese have fled the country to Uganda since the recent outbreak of violence in July, and agencies are planning for an additional influx of 80,000 people by the end of the year. Most of the people fleeing are women and children.
More refugees have fled to Uganda in the last 20 days than during the whole of 2015. The latest figures from the UN refugee agency report that an average of 2,000 people arrived into Uganda each day in the past few days.
There is currently a massive influx of refugees from South Sudan into Uganda following the collapse of the Transitional Government of National Unity due the fighting that erupted on 7th July between the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM), government forces of President Salva Kiir, and Sudan People’s Liberation Army-In Opposition (SPLA-IO), loyal to the former first vice president Dr. Riek Machar.
Namulonge - With a long history of drought and food insecurity, Karamoja region in North Eastern Uganda is not known for growing its own food. Less known is the fact that the region has a wet agricultural zone running vertically on its western side where crop growing has been flourishing.
It is with this knowledge that the Japan International Cooperation Agency’s (JICA) in partnership with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is promoting rice growing in the region.
73 per cent of all new South Sudanese refugees are children.
Children and women of child bearing age have been immunized against Polio (14,374 children 0-5years), Measles (18,029 children 6 months -14 years) and Tetanus (902 women).
6,220 children under five years of age have now been screened for malnutrition; 6.5% are malnourished while 2.5% are severely malnourished; all malnourished children have been referred for appropriate treatment.
Thousands of refugees continue to flee in to Uganda from South Sudan on a daily basis. Yesterday, 2,308 refugees were confirmed as crossing.
Uganda is now hosting more South Sudanese refugees than any other country, followed by second largest asylum country Ethiopia. In the region, current likely scenarios anticipate 973,000 South Sudanese refugees to have sought safety in neighbouring countries by the end of the year.
The number of new refugee arrivals from South Sudan has remained similar to the day before. A total of 1,970 South Sudanese refugees were reported arriving in Uganda from multiple entry points (Adjumani, Arua, Kiryandongo, Lamwo and Moyo Districts).
Of the total new arrivals 840 refugees were reported at Elegu Collection Point (Adjumani), 89 refugees were reported in Arua District, 889 were reported in Kiryandongo, 74 were reported in Moyo, and 78 in Lamwo District.
Number of new arrivals on Sunday 31st July (as per field reports)
Number of new arrivals on Saturday 30th July (as per field reports)
Number of new arrivals on Friday 29th July (as per field reports)
Number of new arrivals since 1st July 2016 (as per field reports)
Number of new arrivals registered since 1st January in Uganda (RIMS) (as of end of June)