Following heavy airstrikes on Bab Al Mandab, Dubab and Aden, some 2,231 individuals have arrived to Obock port and various transit points of Obock town since 27 September. Boats carrying passengers continue to arrive from Yemen
As of 2 October, 63,470 families have returned to Khyber Agency, 26,525 families to North Waziristan, 8,7166 families to South Waziristan, 153 to Orakzai and 418 families to Kurram. Returns are currently ongoing to all five agencies. Six embarkation points have been established to facilitate the return process, while five humanitarian hubs are active within FATA for the distribution of humanitarian assistance.
PESHAWAR: The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa government has increased the allocation for Insaf Food Security Programme (IFSP) from Rs190 million to Rs1.2 billion for the current (first) year of its three-year project, which will benefit 978,000 farmers.
Presiding over a meeting regarding arrangements for distribution of free of cost wheat seed under IFSP, held at the CM Secretariat on Wednesday, Chief Minister Pervez Khattak announced that subsidy on fertilizers would also be given to farmers from next year in a bid to increase wheat production in the province.
As of October 2, the number of sea arrivals since the beginning of 2015 has exceed 400,000. Over 40 % of refugees who arrived to Greece by sea in 2015, arrived in September. The average daily sea arrivals during the reporting period was 5,500 persons a day, compare to 4,900 persons a day during the first two weeks of September.
Afghanistan: The humanitarian situation in Kunduz is deteriorating as fighting for control of the city continues. Aid organisations have withdrawn, after a Médecins Sans Frontières hospital was bombed in an airstrike, killing 22 and injuring 37.
Burundi: At least eight civilians were killed in Bujumbura over the weekend as political violence persists, and people continue to flee. Some 128,000 people are reliant on food assistance: in some of the areas affected by insecurity, food prices are up to 95% higher than average.
1. KHOST & PAKTIKA UPDATE
Operational access in Khost has expanded for UN agencies. UNHCR has conducted missions to numerous communities in the past few weeks to gather information on transitional shelter needs, assess gaps in assistance and protection challenges, follow-up with PSN (Persons with Specific Needs) cases and discuss key issues with refugees and host communities.
A total of 587 individuals arrived in Obock on 29 September to various transit points of Obock town. They could not reach Obock Port because of fuel shortages. Boats carrying passengers continue to arrive from Yemen.
UNHCR and ONARS (the government refugee agency) registered 209 new arrivals (62 families) on 29 September and 138 individuals on 30 September.
Super El Niño and climate change cause crop failures putting millions at risk of hunger
At least ten million poor people face hunger this year and next due to both droughts and erratic rains influenced by climate change and the likely development of a ‘super El Niño’.
Total wheat production in Pakistan in 2014-15 has been estimated at 25.6 million tons (MT), slightly higher than last year’s level of 25.3 MT.
Rice, the second main staple crop of Pakistan, recorded its highest ever production at 7.0 MT, which is 3.0 percent higher than last year’s production of 6.8 MT.
Food prices for cereals have generally decreased in the country while the prices of pulses have continued to increase.
■ More than 35,000 refugees and migrants have crossed the border into fyR Macedonia during the reporting period 16-22 September with a daily average of more than 5,000. Assistance with food,
NFIs, counselling, medical and psychosocial services, child friendly spaces and monitoring have been stepped up and registration is ongoing 24/7.
El Salvador: More than 100,000 farmers are estimated to be affected by crop losses due to a prolonged dry-spell. Up to 60% of the total maize crop has been lost in the affected areas. An estimated 156,000 people are facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food security outcomes, mainly in eastern and western regions.
Heavy rainfall expected to provide some long-term dryness relief in Central America
Africa Weather Hazards
Significantly aboveaverage seasonal rainfall has led to saturated ground conditions in several regions of West Africa. Heavy rainfall is forecast to continue across the region during the next week, which is expected to sustain the risk of flooding.
The sea arrivals continued unabated during the first two weeks of September, with almost 73,000 people arriving (1-16 September), leading to an increasing congestion on the islands.
Building an evidence culture
The Office of Research – Innocenti has just released the third edition of its annual publication Best of UNICEF Research 2015. With each edition learning about a key element in a global development organization’s effort to gather evidence increases.
Over the course of its existence Best of UNICEF Research has grown in terms of the quality of research represented, the range and complexity of research questions addressed and in the programmatic and geographic scope of the submissions.
Heavy monsoon rains together with glacial lake outburst floods (GLOF) which started in mid-July caused 238 deaths across Pakistan with highest number of deaths recorded in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) (109 people died as per Pakistan’s National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) report). Overall, the affected provinces included KP, Gilgit Baltistan (GB), Punjab, Baluchistan and Sindh.
■ The average daily influx of refugees in September is more than 5,000 refugees and during the reporting period from 09 - 15 September the figure has risen to above 6,000 per day with an all-time high of 8,660 alone on 13 September. Assistance with food, NFIs, counselling, medical and psychosocial services, child friendly spaces and monitoring have been stepped up and registration is ongoing 24/7.
■ The train prices have increased considerably by 150%. Advocacy efforts are ongoing to revert this decision.
The on-going El Niño event, officially declared in March, will remain active throughout 2015 and is very likely to extend into the first quarter of 2016.
The event is now strengthening towards its peak intensity which should be reached in late 2015. There is a significant chance that this event could be close or even exceed the strongest levels on record.
An inter-Cluster assessment mission was conducted to Sarwakai, Sararogha and Tiarza Tehsils South Waziristan Agency from 4 to 7 August 2015. The mission covered a sample of 47 villages that were recently de-notified by authorities. The Government has planned to facilitate the return of some 15,000 to 20,000 families to these areas.
• An estimated 80 to 95 per cent of private houses were damaged due conflict and more than seven years of weather damage.