De 2011 à 2015, un total de 1,7 milliard de dollars a été requis pour l‘action humanitaire au Niger à travers le Plan de Réponse Stratégique (CAP/SRP). Un total de 1,4 milliard de dollars a été mobilisé, soit un taux de financement de 82 pour cent.
Increased rainfall across Hispaniola due to tropical storm activity
Africa Weather Hazards
Widespread, heavy rainfall over the past few weeks has caused flooding over local areas of West Africa. Heavy rain is forecast to continue during the next week, elevating flooding risks over many already saturated areas.
Significant rainfall is forecast to continue over eastern Chad and western Sudan, heightening risks for localized flooding and potential waterborne disease outbreaks.
Snapshot 11 August – 25 August 2015
Haiti: Insecurity has increased since legislative elections. Violence and intimidation were reported at many polling stations and a second round of voting is planned, following low voter turnout. Food security has deteriorated as a result of prolonged drought conditions since the beginning of 2015: poor households in Sud, Sud-Est, Nord-Est and Artibonite will remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food security outcomes through December. Recent cholera rates are triple those of the comparable time period in 2014.
During the 2015 Strategic Response Plan (SRP), The Sahel output indicators were defined in consultation with the regional sector focal points to provide a standard measure of performance for the Sahel. Country Cluster focal points provided their annual targets for each country and started to report on their cluster achievements for each of the output indicators on a monthly basis.
In landlocked Mali, access to water is a constant concern. A harsh and unpredictable climate, frequently wracked by drought – not to mention the added difficulty of internal conflict – leaves families in constant fear of hunger, if the rains don’t fall and their crops can’t grow.
To make matters worse, some of the farming methods used are destroying the natural ecosystem of the region, depleting sources of water and fertile land. Children are forced to drop out of school and work, just to help meet their families’ basic needs.
- The pastoral lean season continues despite improved rainfall in end of July 2015 in the pastoral zone.
- The agricultural campaign is off to a slow start due to a persistent lack of rainfall in the Sahel.
- The prolonged conflict and civil insecurity in Nigeria and Mali continue to cause population movements. - The FAO index of food prices worldwide is at its lowest level since six years.
Poorly distributed rainfall in West and East Africa likely to exacerbate conditions
Africa Weather Hazards
Widespread, heavy rain during the past few weeks has caused flooding over local areas of Mali, Burkina Faso, and Niger. Heavy rain is forecast to continue during the next week, maintaining elevated risks for flooding over many areas.
Cuba – Drought
• Lack of rain from May to June has affected 68% of the country (11 provinces).
• Authorities refer to the current drought as the worst in the last 115 years. In Guantanamo, water usually used for agriculture is now used for human consumption.
Syntèse par pays
Niger : début août la tendance générale des prix est à la stabilité voire à la baisse sur les marchés de l’Est du pays (Maradi, Zinder) pour les céréales sèches. Les baisses ont été enregistrées : i) pour le mil à Maradi (-6%), à Zinder (-5%) et à Niamey (-3%), ii) pour le sorgho à Maradi et Zinder (-6%) et enfin, iii) pour le maïs à Zinder (-11%) et à Maradi (-6%). Toutefois, des hausses ont été enregistrées particulièrement sur le marché de Dosso (+11% pour le maïs, +9% pour le mil et +2% pour le riz).
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR FEBRUARY 2016
The security situation in Nigeria has been steadily deteriorating in the past weeks. Hundreds of deaths have resulted from attacks that took place after a brief respite during the elections. Conditions in IDP sites are rapidly becoming dire, with urgent needs unmet in the WASH, education, health and shelter sectors.
Snapshot 12 August –18 August 2015
Yemen: The humanitarian situation in Yemen continues to deteriorate. 1.4 million people have become displaced since conflict escalated in March – a 12% increase since early July. Fuel shortages and access issues continue to affect provision of health services. 23% of Yemen’s health facilities are either partially funtional or non-functional.
Installation définitive de la campagne agricole au Sahel, avec des retards localement importants
Le régime pluviométrique s’est significativement amélioré à partir de mi-juillet et les prévisions sont favorables pour des cumuls supérieurs à la moyenne pour le reste de la saison au Sahel y compris les zones ayant souffert de déficits pluviométriques et retards significatifs notamment le nord Sénégal, le sud-ouest Mauritanie, nord Maradi, nord Zinder, et Diffa, au Niger et le nord-est du Nigeria.
Despite good July rainfall, concern continues for areas where the season started significantly late
Continued northward migration of the Intertropical Front (ITF) has been observed during the past several weeks. The ITF has stayed at or north of its climatological position over most of the region during the last month and a half, resulting in aboveaverage rainfall over large portions of the Sahelian zone.
La soudure pastorale perdure malgré l’amélioration des précipitations en fin juillet 2015 dans la zone pastorale.
La campagne agricole tarde à prendre une allure normale en raison d’une persistance du déficit pluviométrique dans la zone sahélienne.
La poursuite des conflits et de l’insécurité civile au Nigeria et au Mali continuent à occasionner les mouvements de population.
L'indice FAO des prix des produits alimentaires au niveau mondial est à son plus bas niveau depuis six ans.
14 août 2015 – L'insécurité alimentaire au Mali ne fera que croître si les parties prenantes au conflit ne parviennent pas s'engager sur la voie de la paix et de la stabilité, a prévenu vendredi le Coordonnateur humanitaire régional des Nations Unies pour le Sahel, Toby Lanzer.
The security situation in Mali is making it difficult to reach out to civilians in need. Roads are subject to attacks and improvised explosive devices (IED). “There are large areas in Mali that we are struggling to reach,” says Country Director Muriel Tschopp. “The insecurity lays heavy restrictions on our movement of emergency aid and personnel,” says Country Director for NRC Mali, Muriel Tschopp. “Even if humanitarian organisations are not the target, roadside bombs do not discriminate.”
(Bamako, 14 August 2015) – The Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel, Toby Lanzer, today completed a five-day visit to Mali. During his first visit to the country since he took up his assignment, Mr. Lanzer emphasized the necessity for the international community to sustain its engagement to meet the vital needs of the most vulnerable communities, whilst supporting ongoing efforts toward peace and development.