Greeting from Sphere India Welcome to the June-July 2015 issue of Sphere India Newsletter. This issue features response/relief, updates from Sphere India programme unit and a list of upcoming events.
One of the articles showcases Brainstorming on National capacity building strategy for healthcare. The second article is on Nepal Earthquake: Unfolding Uncertainties for Secondary Hazards.
· FAO’s global cereal price index continued to fall in Q2-2015, down 19 percent year-on-year.
· The real price of wheat dropped a further 9 percent over the last quarter. Prices are 33 percent lower than in Q2-2014, thanks to increased global supply and lower consumption.
· The real price of maize has fallen by 3 percent since Q1-2015 and is 21 percent lower than inQ2-2014. However, global production for 2015/16 is set to be lower and thus prices are likely to rise.
El Niño in Asia: Prolonged dry weather in several countries affecting plantings and yield potential of the 2015 main season food crops
Prolonged dry weather associated with El Niño has impaired the production outlook for the ongoing 2015 main season in several countries, including Cambodia, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, the Philippines and Viet Nam
Drought and extreme cold weather since early Jul in remote and inland Papua Province, particularly Lani Jaya and Puncak Jaya Districts, has created acute food insecurity. Eleven people died, including seven children and 20,160 households are reportedly affected.
Local government is providing assistance, including 28 tonnes of food.1
Following days of heavy rain, there was flooding in Aceh Jaya District of Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam Province on 15 Jul. Over 7,900 houses were inundated and 25,750 people affected, including almost 2,300 displaced.
Four persons were killed and a few others went missing Friday when a cloudburst struck near Sonmarg.
Four persons were killed in a series of cloudbursts that struck near Sonamarg, a place enroute to the Amarnath Yatra, forcing temporary suspension of the pilgrimage.
Cause of cloudburst in the valley is due to heavy downpour on Thursday evening.
Natural calamity has damaged many roads and houses. According to Srinagar police, cloudburst occurred in Kullan and Gagangir village.
Drought develops over Central America, dryness persists in East and West Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
A delayed onset of the rainy season, followed by poorly-distributed rainfall, has led to abnormal dryness across Burkina Faso, the central and northern parts of Ghana, Togo, and Benin, western and southern Niger, and northern Nigeria. The lack of rainfall over the past several weeks has delayed planting and negatively affected cropping activities over many local areas.
Typhoon Chan-Hom made landfall early on 11 Jul in Zhujiajian Township in the island city of Zhoushan, Zhejiang Province, as a category 1 typhoon before being downgraded to a tropical storm on 12 Jul. Chan-Hom is decreasing intensity as it moves northeast. Some 1.9 million people in nine cities were affected by the storm, including more than 1.1 million evacuated as a precaution. No casualties are reported.
1.1 million people evacuated
An El Nino event active since March 2015 will almost certainly last through 2015 and is likely to extend into early 2016.
The intensity of this event is increasing with a peak expected in the last quarter of 2015 and there is a significant chance that it may become one of the strongest events of the past 30 years.
Snapshot 1–7 July 2015
Syria: Civilian deaths made up 81% of the total death toll in June, which was 2,137, bringing the total number of people killed so far in 2015 to 11,000. 705,000 people have been displaced in the first five months of this year: 439,000 were internally displaced, and the vast majority of the rest fled to Turkey.
Heavy rainfall across West Bengal caused landslides killing an estimated 40 people with many still missing.
Continuing rainfall is impeding relief efforts as the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) attempts to carry out rescue efforts.
There is a shortage of food and safe drinking water in the affected areas.
40 people dead
The NDRF is working alongside national disaster teams at the landslide sites. Heavy rainfall is expected to continue up to 9 Jul.
Snapshot 24–30 June 2015
Burundi: Turnout at the parliamentary elections was low. Voting stations were targeted and there was a spate of grenade attacks in the capital: several people were injured. Around 1,000 Burundians are leaving the country every day: 62,000 refugees are now in Tanzania, 45,000 in Rwanda, and 10,600 in DRC.
South Sudan: Households in some areas of Unity and Upper Nile states are suspected to be facing Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) food security outcomes. 5–8% of the country’s population are suffering severe acute malnutrition.
The pace of general and food inflation in the region slowed in May increasing 2.7 and 2.5 percent, respectively.
In Afghanistan, greater internal displacements of food insecure populations are expected in the coming winter because of insufficient food availability and barriers to food access.
Stabilization policy efforts in India continue to mitigate the price volatility of vegetables, in particular for onion and potato.
Ahmedabad, India | AFP | Saturday 6/27/2015 - 09:57 GMT
Relief workers were Saturday trying to reach residents stranded by floods in India's western Gujarat state triggered by torrential rains that have so far claimed 55 lives, officials said.
Officials were providing food and water to the people affected by flash floods in the Saurashtra region, as thousands fled to safer areas following the rains that started Wednesday.
A. Situation Report
Heavy rain caused by a deep depression over the Arabian Sea cause more than 30 inch rainfall in last 24 hours reported in the region. Heavy rain and more than 8-12 ft. height water logging observed in the affected area of Amreli district, this causes damage of houses, road and crops. Very heavy soil erosion observed by the famers in the affected areas.
A. Situation Report
Due to continuous rain since morning June 24 2015, Flood has been declared in South Kashmir region. The gauge at Sangam has crossed its danger level. As per Irrigation and Flood control department, the gauge reading at Sangam is 23.02 ft. (Red), Ram Munshibagh is 14.60 ft (Green) and Asham is 9.16 ft (Green) at 12 am 25th June. The districts reported to be affected by floods are Kulgam, Bandipora and Baramulla. Information regarding situation in other districts is yet to receive.
RAJKOT: It's a scene of complete devastation in Amreli, which has been ravaged by the worst floods in 90 years.
Almost 600 out of the total 838 villages of the district are inundated and a massive rescue and relief operation has been launched by the state government, the Indian Air Force (IAF), National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) to shift stranded people to safer locations.
Nouvelle publication sur l'importance de la gestion des sols de montagne
Snapshot 17–23 June 2015
Yemen: 2.3 million more people are food insecure than in March – the total is now at 12.9 million people. 279 children have been killed and 402 injured in the conflict, out of almost 2,600 total deaths and 11,000 injured. 53 health facilities have been damaged. Peace talks have ended with no agreement.
Peak fragility: Conserving mountain soils an urgent matter
New book on the importance of management of mountain soils