Around 13.5 million people are dependent on emergency aid
+++ Update (February 2016) 90.000 Syrian people flee to Turkish border as Aleppo assault intensifies. Huge crowds of refugees, mainly women and children, have been forced to wait at the Turkish border crossing, which remains closed. Near Azaz Humanitarian Aid Organizations set up refugee camps. Welthungerhilfe as well immediately started to help these refugees around Azaz through distribution of tents and stoves. Further activities are planned. +++
The overwhelming influx of Syrian and other refugees and migrants into Turkey has reached startling levels with over 2.5 million registered Syrian refugees, making Turkey the largest host of refugees in the world.
Last year a total of over 850 000 people arrived through Turkey to Greece by sea, of which UNHCR estimates that 91% came from the world's top 10 refugee producing countries.
As the Syrian refugee crisis enters into its fifth year, the protracted situation is having a growing impact beyond its neighbouring countries. Instability in the region is expected to persist, and consequent displacement, inside Syria and across the border into Turkey, will continue. Given the fluid situation on the ground, it is uncertain what the scale of refugee flows from Syria or Iraq in 2016 will be.
- UNHCR begins delivery of winterization kits on 11 November : target by end January : 270,000 refugees in camps ; 135,000 out of camp refugees
- Ten cold chain vehicles and 10 fully equipped ambulances handed over to Turkish authorities
UNHCR’s Winterization Assistance for Refugees in Turkey
Şanlıurfa, December 14, 2015 – A ceremony was held today to open the first girl’s safe space for Syrian and most disadvantaged Turkish girls in Süleymaniye, Şanlıurfa. The “My Life” Center, financed by the EU Syria Regional Trust Fund (Madad) and established in cooperation with the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and Refugee Education Trust (RET), provides free and supervised activities designed to prevent and respond to gender-based violence, with a focus on out-of-school girls.
Summary of WFP assistance: In coordination with the Government, WFP conducted a voucher feasibility study in 2012 resulting in an electronic food voucher (e-food card) programme to address food security needs of camp populations. This was found to be more cost effective over the provision of meals, providing savings of over 70 percent.
The UK will contribute up to £275 million over the next two years to help Turkey address the consequences of the Syria conflict. This bilateral support will contribute to a wider European effort – coordinated through an intergovernmental agreement – that will lever support from other EU member states. Taken together with €500 million from the European Commission it will create a €3 billion package in total.
This new support was announced at the Valletta Summit in Malta where European and African leaders met to develop a co-ordinated approach to tackle the migration crisis.
Almost 6,000 refugee students apply for the DAFI scholarships, offered by the Government of Germany for higher education.
Thousands of Syrian refugees try and get to Greece and Germany, transiting through Turkey.
Two new community centres opened in Adana and Gaziantep.
Tents: 45,220 (for 227,540 beneficiaries)
Foam mattresses: 270,000
Plastic Sheets: 32,840 (for 120,190 beneficiaries)
By Eleonora Vio
ISTANBUL, 4 November 2015 (IRIN) - Not so long ago, Syria had an education system that was the envy of the Arab world and was reflected in its 90 percent literacy rate. But education has become yet another casualty of a civil war now in its fifth year.
Before the start of the civil war, Syria’s population was one of the youngest and most educated in the region, with nearly all Syrian children enrolled in primary and secondary schools. Now, nearly 12 million Syrians have been forced from their homes, half being children, causing more than 2 million school-aged children unable to attend schools. According to UNICEF, the decline in education for Syrian children has been the sharpest educational decline in the history of the region.
Source: Reuters - Mon, 19 Oct 2015 07:03 GMT
*Poor pay, lack of prospects strengthen allure of Europe
*Even with foreign aid, children work to support families
*Land mines, insecurity make Syria "safe zone" unviable
*Ruling party official warns of "new Afghanistan"
By Dasha Afanasieva
SURUC, Turkey, Oct 18 (Reuters) - So remote are their hopes of returning to Syria that even some of the teachers in the schools for refugees in Turkey quit to go to Europe.
ADANA, October 9, 2015 – A new school for Syrian children was officially opened in Adana today. The UNICEF-supported education centre was built in partnership with AFAD, the Ministry of National Education, and with the financial support of the Government of the United States of America. The centre has 24 classrooms: 20 for primary education and 4 for pre-school education, and will provide education for 1,452 students. UNICEF has, so far, supported the construction or refurbishment of 77 schools.
ANKARA, October 2, 2015 –A ceremony was held today, by the Ministry of National Education and UNICEF at Fatih Sultan Mehmet Primary school where Syrian students are also studying,to introduce the Provincial Action Plans that have been developed for the provinces hosting high numbers of Syrians. The Plans aim to increase the enrollment rates of Syrian children, enhance the quality of education and support the most disadvantaged Turkish and Syrian students in target provinces.
Assistance to Syrian Refugees: Tzu Chi in Turkey
To enter Europe, Syrian refugees must first cross Istanbul. Since September of 2014, Tzu Chi volunteers have been assisting Syrian refugees in the area. A local volunteer says, “we will assist the children of Syrian refugees who are begging on the streets to go to school with their backpacks.”
This self-commissioned report – researched in partnership with IRIS – appraises and compares the living conditions and access to services of Syrian refugees and Iraqi IDPs in non-Arab host communities. The research compares the situation of these refugees and IDPs with regard to food security, livelihoods, access to clean water and services like education and health, and migration issues. In Turkey, urban Syrian refugees residing in Antakya, Gaziantep and Sanliurfa were surveyed. In northern Iraq, the cities of Dohuk, Erbil and Sulaymaniyah were included in the geographic coverage.