The reasons and the contexts which hinder girls and boys’ right to education are different and constantly evolving. In certain situations, such as conflicts, children miss out on education because their schools become easy targets for armed groups to capture and recruit the boys as child soldiers, and the girls as sex slaves and cooks. Other times, the reason why girls stay out of school is not fear of abduction but shame – shame to interact with others because they lack sanitary pads, for example.
High levels of humanitarian needs persist in Somalia with about 4.9 million people in need of life-saving and livelihood support and 1.1 million in protracted internal displaced. Some 308,000 children under the age of 5, or one in eight, are estimated to be acutely malnourished. Hereof, 56,000 are severely malnourished and in urgent of need of medical treatment and therapeutic food.
In the face of the global El Nino and other crises, leaders at the national, regional and international levels have an unprecedented opportunity and responsibility to address the underlying causes of food insecurity and guarantee that the most vulnerable children and communities get a head start through an immediate, effective, global response to prevent loss of life and livelihoods.
- 736,317 Total number of refugees
- 37,859 Number of Unaccompanied Minors and Separated Children
- 52.8% Percentage of women and girls 60.1% Percentage of Children
NEEDS & KEY FIGURES
While the country has made modest gains, high levels of humanitarian needs persist. About 4.9 million people are in need of life-saving and livelihoods support and 1.1 million remain internally displaced.
Somalia: Flooding has affected 132,000 people and displaced an estimated 60,000 as low-lying areas of Mogadishu have now been inundated, as well as areas of Middle Shabelle and Lower Juba. Main supply roads are impassable and some airstrips unusable The middle and lower reaches of the Shabelle River remain at high risk of flooding.
689,845 Persons of concern (all nationalities) registered by UNHCR
630,176 Syrians registered by UNHCR
59,669 Iraqis, Somalis, Sudanese, Yemenis and others registered by UNHCR
79,138 Syrians in Zaatari Camp
26,445 Syrians in Azraq Camp
6,329 Syrians in Emirati-Jordanian Camp
CASH ASSISTANCE PROGRAMME EXPANDED
LONDON, 18 November 2015 - Starwood Hotels & Resorts and UNICEF today celebrate a 20-year partnership that has helped improve the lives of over 4.5 million children.
Since 1995, Starwood guests and employees have raised nearly $35 million through Check Out for Children™, which enables Starwood guests to add $1, £1 or €1 to their bill to support UNICEF’s work for children.
Yemen: 14.4 million people are now food insecure: two million more than in June and four million more than before the escalation of conflict in March. 7.6 million people are severely food insecure. Heavy fighting continues, in particular in Al Dhalee and Taizz governorates. Peace talks between Houthi and government representatives, which were expected to begin mid-November, are yet to take place.
The Valletta Summit agreed about the establishment of an EU Emergency Trust Fund for stability and addressing root causes of irregular migration and displaced persons in Africa at the Valletta Summit on Thursday.
The Trust Fund aims to address the root causes of migration, such as poverty and conflicts in Africa. It will also be used to support the Action Plan to be adopted at the Summit.
Prime Minister announces £200 million to help tackle causes of migration, and £2 million UK contribution to the EU’s Africa Trust Fund.
The UK is providing a further £200 million in bilateral aid to Africa to tackle the root causes of migration, the Prime Minister announced, as European and African leaders gathered in Malta to develop a coordinated approach to address the migrant and refugee crisis.
HIGHLIGHTS Voluntary Repatriation
During the first half of October, 118 returnees were assisted to return by flight to Mogadishu. In total 5,444 Somali refugees returned home since 8th December 2014, when UNHCR started supporting voluntary return of Somali refugees in Kenya. 3,874 retuned by road and 1,411 by flight.
Summary of WFP assistance:
WFP's assistance in Kenya focuses on the most food insecure people living in chronically poor and marginalised areas where development lags markedly behind the rest of the country. WFP is currently providing food assistance through a hybrid of transfer modalities of food and cash.
Summary of WFP assistance: WFP aims to reduce short term hunger among refugees and rural and urban communities affected by recurrent droughts and increasing food prices through targeted relief and early recovery interventions, while developing national and community capacities. Through its operations, WFP contributes to the Government’s efforts to improve food and nutrition security.
UNHCR has set up 300 new refugee housing units in Markazi Camp to accommodate the new arrivals. Since 29 September and as of 08 November, 2,061 individuals have registered with UNHCR.
According to the latest available statistics from IOM and the Government of Djibouti, 30,004 persons of mixed nationalities have arrived in Djibouti as of 12 November (since 26 March). Of those, 16,194 persons (54 per cent) are Yemeni nationals, 11,902 (40 per cent) are transiting migrants and 1,908 persons (6 per cent) are Djiboutian returnees.
15,630 Identified unaccompanied minors
86 Households provided with cash grants since 1st January 2015
1,288,598 NFIs distributed since January
2,931 Shelters distributed since January
Snapshot 4–10 November 2015
Nepal: Crossings on the India–Nepal border have been closed since late September as a result of protests, leading to fuel shortages that are severely hampering humanitarian assistance. Of particular concern are 400,000 people living in remote areas who cannot be reached during winter and need winterisation supplies. Hospitals in Terai region are reporting acute shortages of medicine, while food and cooking-gas shortages are reported across the country.
Humanitarian partners, including UNICEF, are scaling up preparedness activities and early response actions to mitigate the impact of the El Niňo phenomenon, expected to cause heavy rains and flooding along the Juba and Shabelle rivers and to further exacerbate drought conditions in coastal areas of Somaliland.
UNICEF and partners continue to provide assistance in response to the continued influx of people fleeing the conflict in Yemen and seeking safety in Somalia.