Mid-Year Review of the Consolidated Appeal for Zimbabwe 2012
Since the launch of the 2012 Consolidated Appeal (CAP) at the end of last year, Zimbabwe has continued to make steady progress towards recovery and development, with the general humanitarian situation remaining stable. However, humanitarian challenges remain, including drought-induced food insecurity mainly in the south of the country and outbreaks of typhoid and other water-borne diseases such as cholera which is predominantly in urban areas. In addition, a wide range of highly vulnerable groups such as the chronically ill, internally displaced people, returned migrants, refugees and asylum seekers continue to require assistance.
According to the second Crop and Livestock Assessment in March 2012, maize production (the main staple cereal) decreased by 33% during the 2011/2012 agricultural season. In addition, 43% of the crops actually planted produced no yield and were written off mainly because of drought and poor rain distribution. This means the peak of the 2011/2012 lean season was extended for the most-affected areas beyond the usual January-to-March period. The people affected will require humanitarian aid for the rest of the year.
Underlying risk factors still persist in Zimbabwe. Rates for chronic and acute child malnutrition still stand at 32% and 3% respectively. A third of rural Zimbabweans still drink from unprotected water sources and are thus exposed to water-borne diseases. A typhoid outbreak in urban areas earlier this year and localized cholera outbreaks in May 2012 occurred due to poor water, sanitation, hygiene and health infrastructure. The HIV/AIDS prevalence stands at 15% and substantially increases the vulnerabilities of affected people especially in southern Zimbabwe, where the prevalence remains high.
Key humanitarian priorities for the remainder of 2012 include improving food security, addressing the protection needs of asylum seekers, migrants and other vulnerable groups, and rapid response to disease outbreaks and natural disasters. This will be done while maintaining sustained engagement between the humanitarian community and actors involved in addressing longer-term recovery and development-oriented interventions focused on the underlying root causes of the emergency.
During the mid-year review (MYR) workshop, while recognizing the relevance of the dual role of the CAP as a strategic planning and resource mobilization tool, participants encouraged humanitarian partners to be more specific regarding their proposed humanitarian actions and to provide more evidence on assessed humanitarian needs. Similarly, partners were encouraged to maintain a strong humanitarian response capacity to complement Government efforts in dealing with emergencies during the second half of the year. It was emphasized that, as the situation continues to evolve in Zimbabwe, it was important to carefully assess what would be the most pragmatic and appropriate wayto plan and respond to humanitarian needs, in a coordinated manner; and at the same time mobilize resources in an effective and relevant manner. This process will be taken forward and consolidated into the 2013 humanitarian action plan.
Following analysis of recent needs assessments, the MYR identified minor decreases in requirements for most clusters. The main decreases in the Education, Health, Water, Sanitation and Hygiene, and Protection Clusters are accounted for by availability of other recovery funding mechanisms to address identified needs. The CAP’s revised requirements amount to US$238,444,169, a decrease of 11% from original requirements. Partners report $115,251,947 in funding received, leaving unmet requirements of $123,192,222, and the CAP 48% funded.
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