Consolidated Appeals Process (CAP): Appeal 2011 for Zimbabwe
Two years of modest economic recovery, a tenuous halt to further deterioration of the socio-economic situation and relative political stability are gradually changing the humanitarian situation faced by many Zimbabweans for the better. Significant improvement is evident in areas of food security and basic social service delivery as a result of joint efforts by Government and aid partners. Led by the Government and with the support of the humanitarian community, major disease outbreaks have been prevented or responded to in an effective and timely manner, averting large-scale epidemics. Improved humanitarian access has led to better targeted assistance, while the gains achieved through concerted humanitarian action in the last couple of years need to be consolidated by ensuring strong linkages to medium-term and long-term programming.
However, there are still significant humanitarian needs. One in every three children in Zimbabwe is chronically malnourished and malnutrition contributes to nearly 12,000 child deaths each year. An estimated 1.7 million Zimbabweans will face severe food insecurity in the peak hunger period of January to March 2011. Challenges remain in the agriculture sector. One-third of rural Zimbabweans still drink from unprotected water sources, and while the scale of cholera was significantly reduced, localized outbreaks continued due to the poor state of the health and water-sanitation-hygiene sectors. As of 10 November 2010, 18 out of the 62 districts in the country have been affected by the cholera outbreak that started on 4 February, compared to 54 districts at the same time in 2009. The crude case fatality rate since the outbreak started stands at 2.6% which is 1.7% lower than that of last year. The low coverage of basic health care is still resulting in rising maternal and child mortality and overall excess morbidity and mortality. Emigration, triggered inter alia by over 60% unemployment, is affecting all sectors. Significant numbers of internally displaced people require humanitarian assistance and durable solutions.
Due to changes in the context, the 2011 CAP has a strong emphasis on recovery. In this light, a new 'programme-based' approach was adopted to address concerns of key stakeholders who felt the agency-specific project approach used in previous Zimbabwe CAPs no longer provided the strategic focus and flexibility needed to identify adequate responses to priority needs and build linkages with other strategic frameworks in the complex situation of Zimbabwe. The clusters have been made responsible for the development, coordinated implementation and monitoring of the cluster priority programmes.
The Zimbabwe 2011 CAP aims to address the following three strategic objectives:
1. support restoration of sustainable livelihoods through integration of humanitarian response into recovery and development action, with a focus on building capacities at national and local level to coordinate, implement and monitor recovery interventions
2. save and prevent loss of life through near- to medium-term recovery interventions to vulnerable groups, incorporating disaster risk reduction frameworks
3. support the population in acute distress through the delivery of quality essential basic services
In order to continue to assist the most vulnerable with humanitarian and early recovery assistance, the 2011 CAP requests a total of US$ 415 million to meet its strategic objectives.
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