Yemen: Millions more will go hungry in 2017

Report
from Norwegian Refugee Council
Published on 13 Dec 2016

After a 2016 that was disastrous for civilians, war-ravaged Yemen will see an additional 2.5 million people go without enough to eat in 2017 if the current downward spiral is allowed to continue, the Norwegian Refugee Council warned today.

The past year has seen widespread destruction and overall deterioration of conditions, with more than 14 million going to bed hungry at night. The price of staple food is now 20 per cent higher than before the conflict started last year. Projections for 2017 indicate that, if the situation does not change, an extra 2.5 million people will be left without enough to eat. That will mean that a staggering 60 per cent of the entire population will struggle to put food on the table.

People currently receiving NRC food vouchers tell us they have had to survive on bread and water alone. Many people have also had to flee from their houses due to destruction caused by airstrikes and fighting on the ground.

“Unless the conflict is ended and the deep economic crisis reversed, the new year will see an entire nation slide further into a black hole of despair,” said NRC Secretary General Jan Egeland. “The figures for 2016 are shocking, and there is a risk that further deterioration of the situation in 2017 will result in famine across Yemen. We must put an end to this man-made disaster that shames us all.”

NRC has reached over 1 million Yemenis in need across the country in 2016, but the scale of the current crisis is well beyond the reach of the few remaining humanitarian agencies on the ground.

One million people represent just a small percentage of the total 18.8 million people in need of humanitarian assistance or protection. Despite the challenges of accessing certain areas, NRC is operating in hard-to-reach areas throughout Yemen.

“In 2016, all sides to the conflict have impeded our ability to reach people who were in most need of humanitarian assistance,” Egeland said. “Going into 2017, it is essential that all restrictions on aid are lifted and that humanitarians are able to deliver life-saving services throughout Yemen.”

Displacement in Yemen has risen massively since the start of the conflict. An estimated 4.5 million people in Yemen currently require shelter support. By the end of 2016, almost 2.2 million people remain displaced across the country; more than 90 per cent of them have been displaced for more than 10 months. Many of the Yemenis who have been displaced by the conflict are living in public buildings or makeshift camps, many without access to basic facilities such as toilets or washrooms.

Economic collapse in Yemen is imminent if nothing is done to bolster the failing banking system. This will mean that civil servants continue not to be paid and imports that had previously been guaranteed by the Central Bank of Yemen – such as rice and wheat – grind to a halt. Restrictions on imports mean that Yemenis are not getting the commercial goods that they need at prices they can afford.

“With only two weeks to go before the year’s end, the 2016 Yemen humanitarian response has only received half the funding it needed,” Egeland said. “If we see the same trend in 2017, then it will be an impossible job to reach all the Yemenis in need. Humanitarians have shown that, despite challenges on the ground, we can respond rapidly to need on the ground; but the financial commitments haven’t matched the response.”

As of October 2016, 11,332 civilian casualties had been reported by community-level human rights monitors since the escalation of the conflict, including 4,125 deaths and 7,207 injuries. An estimated 11.3 million people require protection, gender-based violence and child protection assistance.

Incidents of gender-based violence have risen significantly since the conflict escalated in March 2015. These include sexual violence, domestic violence, forced and early marriages, denial of resources, and psychological and emotional abuse. Comparing the first quarter of 2015, prior to the conflict, to the same period in 2016 reveals a 63 per cent rise in reported incidents.

2016 in figures:
- The total Yemeni population stands at 27.4 million people
- 14.1 million people are food insecure, and 7 million people are severely food insecure
- The minimum food basket costs 20% more than it did before the crisis
- Less than half of health facilities in 16 governorates are fully functional
- 2 million children are out of school, with 1,600 school unfit for use due to the conflict
- Since October, over 100 cases of cholera have been confirmed and thousands more suspected
- 2.2 million people remain displaced in Yemen. One out of every five is living in abandoned buildings or out in the open
- The Central Bank of Yemen’s foreign currency reserves stand at less than $1 billion USD
- 1.2 million civil servants have received less than 1/5 of their salaries in the past 3 months
- Yemeni GDP has dropped by 35% compared to pre-conflict rate
- Only 58% of the Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan has been funded to date

NRC in Yemen:
- In 2016 so far, NRC has reached a total of 1,214,898 people with humanitarian assistance, including 619,598 women and 595,300 men
- In 2016, NRC reached 614,387 Yemenis in need with food, cash or voucher assistance
- Through its shelter programme, in 2016 NRC reached 26,292 displaced Yemenis in Amran, Hajja, Taiz and Al Dhale, in mostly hard to reach areas, improving their residences in the community
- NRC reached 572,420 Yemenis through its water, sanitation and hygiene work in 2016, constructing and rehabilitating latrines, water tanks, and raising community awareness
- NRC reached 1,800 people in Yemen in 2016 through its work around education