Rio plus or minus 20: the record of a failing food system and what’s in store
From 20 – 22 June 2012 the world will once again gather in Rio de Janeiro to discuss how we can all continue to develop and prosper while protecting the planet. In 1992, at the Rio ‘Earth Summit,’ leaders set the world on track for sustainability, uniting development and environment efforts. They agreed to pursue sustainable development – “development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.”
For Oxfam, the international community’s ability to safeguard humanity’s food security is the litmus test for its ability to tackle sustainable development. Together, the outcomes of the 1992 Earth Summit included a range of commitments to ensure a safe and resilient food system for all. What progress has been made? What does the future hold? This briefing highlights key promises in the areas of food production and security, access to land, water use, climate change, and financial support, reviews progress against each, and takes a look at what is forecast for the next 20 years.
In general, this briefing shows that, since 1992, progress towards greater food equity, sustainability, and resilience in the face of shocks has stalled. The challenge set then – to provide prosperity for all without exceeding ecological limits – is even more urgent today. At Rio+20 governments must demonstrate their resolve to get back on track.