Mixed migration flows in the Mediterranean and beyond- Analysis: Flow monitoring surveys June 2017
5,329 interviews were conducted in Italy, Greece, Bulgaria, Hungary, Serbia, and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia from February to June 2017
About DTM`s Flow Monitoring Surveys
The flow monitoring surveys started are part of the IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) activities in the Mediterranean that have started in October 2015 and are being conducted within the framework of IOM’s research on populations on the move through the Mediterranean and Western Balkan Routes to Europe. This report presents the results of a round of surveys carried out by IOM field staff in Italy (Central Mediterranean route) and Bulgaria, Greece, Hungary, Serbia and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (Eastern Mediterranean route) from February to the end of May 2017.
This round of surveys is using an upgraded version of the questionnaire compared to that implemented in 2015-2016. The new questionnaire has been revised following the feedback received from field missions, different IOM departments and relevant partners including from other UN agencies.
The survey gathers information about migrants’ profiles, including age, sex, areas of origin, levels of education and employment status before migration, key transit points on their route, cost of the journey, reasons for moving and intentions. The revised questionnaire allows for greater insight into migrants´ decision making process in the country of origin and in the country of departure/residence including possibility to better capture secondary migration. It consists of more detailed questions on family and employment status before departure, additional child focused questions (eg. education levels, the last time a child had access to education) and it allows the interviewer to capture more locations where protection incidents occurred. The Eastern Mediterranean survey also includes six questions that are proxy indicators for potential human trafficking or exploitative practices that the respondents or other migrants traveling with them might have experienced on the route. The Central Mediterranean survey is identical with the exception of two additional pilot questions within the Human Trafficking and Other Exploitative Practices Prevalence Indication module, focusing on migrants direct or indirect experience with sexual gender based violence and physical violence during the journey.
Further information about the questionnaire, proxy indicators and survey implementation can be found in the Methodology section.
This report provides analysis of migrants demographic profile, transit routes, reasons for leaving countries of origin or habitual residence, and their future travel intentions. The analysis focuses on the comparison between top 5 migrant`s nationalities surveyed travelling via the Central and Eastern Medeterranean routes,
The Central Mediterranean sample is composed of 2,769 responses of migrants interviewed in 21 different locations in the Italian regions of Sicily, Apulia, Lombardy and Friuli Venezia Giulia. The Eastern Mediterranean route has a sample of 2,560 interviews with migrants conducted in 16 different transit, exit and entry locations and reception/accommodation centres in Serbia, Greece, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Hungary and Bulgaria.
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