Shelter responses after disasters have
tended to focus on providing temporary shelter in camps, and then assisting
in the rebuilding of permanent housing. Predominantly, this support is
given in the form of inkind aid: governments or aid agencies supply temporary
shelters for people in camps, provide building materials for permanent
homes, or rebuild houses themselves, usually through local contractors.
In the light of some of the problems commonly associated with the in-kind
provision of shelter - poor-quality tents, for example, or badly designed
or inappropriate housing - giving people cash to help them obtain temporary
shelter or rebuild their homes can be a viable alternative.
This Issue Paper highlights some of
the key factors to consider in thinking about the role of cash in shelter