Food Security: Vulnerability Despite Abundance
Food security is an important component of human security, and is one of the seven pillars of the UN Development Programme's original concept of human security, along with economic, health, environmental, personal, community, and political security.
Food security exists when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life. It has three facets: food availability, access to food, and food utilization.
The world has made significant progress against food insecurity over the past 35 years, thanks to investments in agricultural productivity, infrastructure, health, education, and food-related social programs. However, since 1995, food insecurity has increased in developing countries.With business as usual, there is no chance of meeting the 1996 World Food Summit target of cutting hunger in half from 1990 levels by 2015. Depending on the patterns of global policy, public investment, and institutional development, the prospects for food security may remain dim well beyond that year. This has serious implications for global security, particularly human security.