Epidemiological Alert: Dengue, 13 November 2012
In preparation for the start of the season with the highest risk of dengue transmission due to rainy seasons and increased temperatures, the Pan American Health Organization / World Health Organization (PAHO/WHO) recommends Member States (especially those in the southern hemisphere) to implement their integrated preparedness and response mechanisms in order to prevent transmission and prevent dengue caused deaths.
During 2012, up to Epidemiological Week (EW) 42, there have been a total of 982,142 dengue cases at the regional level (incidence rate of 180 per hundred thousand inhabitants), 23,925 deaths and 521 severe cases. All four serotypes (DEN1, DEN2, DEN3 and DEN4) are circulating in all of the Americas. The highest incidence rate has been recorded in the Southern Cone (242.54 per hundred thousand inhabitants) where 58.1% of total dengue deaths in the continent have been concentrated. More detailed information on the number of cases, severe cases, deaths and circulating serotypes is available on online.
During 2012, several countries and territories in the Region have reported the occurrence of outbreaks of dengue, including Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico and the Dominican Republic. In some of these outbreaks recorded the circulation of multiple serotypes simultaneously such as in El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico and the Dominican Republic. This situation increased the risk of severe dengue causing an additional burden on health services. In most countries dengue outbreaks