Education for All Global Monitoring Report 2009 - Overcoming Inequality: Why Governance Matters
The report documents what it describes as a 'vast gulf' in educational opportunity separating rich and poor countries. It notes that:
- One in three children in developing countries (193 million in total) reaches primary school age having had their brain development and education prospects impaired by malnutrition - a figure that rises to over 40% in parts of South Asia. High economic growth in some countries has done little to reduce child malnutrition, calling into question current public policies.
- 75 million children of primary school age are not in school, including just under one-third of the relevant age group in sub-Saharan Africa.
- Whereas over a third of children in rich countries complete university, in much of sub-Saharan Africa, a smaller share completes primary education - and just 5% attend university level.
National disparities mirror global inequalities. Children in the poorest 20% in countries such as Ethiopia, Mali and Niger, are three times less likely to be in primary school as children from the wealthiest 20%. In Peru and the Philippines, children in the poorest 20% receive 5 years less education than children from the wealthiest families.