Britain to help smallholder farms feed millions
Britain will help millions of small farms and communities adapt to potentially devastating changes in the climate and pull themselves out of poverty, Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg will announce at the Rio+20 Earth Summit today.
Over six million smallholder farms in sub-Saharan Africa and developing countries across the world will receive extra support as a result of Britain’s help. Farmers will be supported to build their resilience to extreme weather with measures such as flood proofing roads and storage facilities, improving weather reporting and switching to climate-proof crops that are heat, drought or salt tolerant.
Experts predict that higher temperatures and less rainfall could reduce farmers’ harvests by a fifth in some of the world’s poorest countries by 2030.
Speaking at the Rio+20 high level event "Food for life & the life of food", the Deputy Prime Minister, Nick Clegg, will say:
“One billion people go to bed hungry every night, yet the world will need to feed an extra billion mouths by 2025. This cannot continue – more food must be grown and it must be at lower cost to the environment.
“If action isn’t taken, the impact of climate change on agriculture could lead to another 25 million malnourished children by 2050. That is why support to do things like flood proofing, switching to more resilient crops and improve weather reporting is so crucial. Farmers need to be able to act now to adapt to climate change, to protect their own livelihoods and the health of their communities.”
500 million smallholder farms in the developing world produce up to 80 per cent of the food supply in those countries. Often the most vulnerable and marginalized people in rural societies, smallholder farmers are already at risk from extreme weather conditions, such as floods and drought. Climate change exacerbates these problems, threatening to erode the gains made in other development areas, such as health and education.
Secretary of State for International Development, Andrew Mitchell, said:
“This is an outstanding programme because it recognises some of the world’s poorest farmers as entrepreneurs, helping them to maintain or improve production in the face of increasing droughts, floods, rises in sea levels or mounting temperatures. It underlines that aid is a means to an end not an end in itself.
“In a changing climate, it is vital we help these farmers feed themselves and trade their way out of poverty.”
By contributing to the Adaptation for Smallholder Agriculture Programme (ASAP), Britain will improve the lives of over six million smallholder farms and at least half of those benefitting will be women.
Helping women has a disproportionately positive effect on poverty levels. It is estimated production on women’s farms could increase by 20-30 per cent if women had the same access to agricultural resources as men.
Working with the UN’s International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), the programme will provide grants to benefit smallholder communities to allow them to build their resilience to climate change, whether through better water management; advice on investing in the right flood or drought resistant crops; working with Governments to improve infrastructure; or even helping better monitor and report on the weather, which is essential for farmers.
IFAD’s President, Dr. Kanayo F. Nwanze said:
“Climate change is hitting smallholder farmers hard and is changing the way we do rural development, but currently-available climate finance is not benefiting them nearly enough. ASAP will allow IFAD to help poor smallholder farming communities adapt to climate change so they can contribute fully to sustainable global food and agriculture systems and thrive.”
Notes to editors
The Adaptation for Smallholder Agriculture Programme (ASAP) is a new programme managed by the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), the UN Agency dedicated to eradicating rural poverty. It will work with farming organisations, the private sector, research organisations, governments and rural businesses in as many as 40 countries helping smallholder farmers respond to climate change. Find out more here: www.ifad.org/climate/asap
The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) works with poor rural people to enable them to grow and sell more food, increase their incomes and determine the direction of their own lives. Since 1978, IFAD has invested almost US$14 billion in grants and low-interest loans to developing countries through projects empowering about 400 million people to break out of poverty, thereby helping to create vibrant rural communities. IFAD is an international financial institution and a specialized UN agency based in Rome.
The poorest people, especially women, are dependent on agriculture for their livelihoods, and are the most vulnerable to stresses and sudden shocks from climate change. Helping women has a disproportionally positive effect on wider communities’ development gains, such as education and health. Women spend an average of 20 per cent more time than men working on farms and often have far less control over the land they cultivate or the income they earn.
In the UK the government spending more than £2.1 billion on flood risk management for UK homes, and are on course to exceed the goal to better protect 145,000 homes by March 2015. Urgent and constructive work is being done with the British insurance industry to ensure that flood insurance is affordable and remains widely available.
DFID - the Department for International Development
Leading the British Government’s fight against world poverty. Find out more at www.dfid.gov.uk
Contact our Press Office: 020 7023 0600 (Overseas +44 20 7023 0600)
Get free-to-use photos, videos and features online: www.dfid.gov.uk/News/For-journalists
For breaking news, follow us on Twitter: @DFID_Press