Pacific: Tropical Cyclone Pam (MDR55001) Operations update n° 6 (18-month consolidated report)
March-April 2015: Tropical Cyclone Pam developed in the East of Solomon Islands on 6 March and gained strength as it moved south towards Vanuatu. Heavy rain, strong winds and sea swell, combined with king tides, caused widespread coastal flooding and wind damage. Pam hit Vanuatu as a Category 5 cyclone on 13 March. An Information Bulletin was issued and a Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) Operation was launched for Vanuatu. An IFRC Field Assessment Coordination Team (FACT) was deployed and an International Appeal, consolidating the operations in the five affected countries, for CHF 5.7 million was launched on 23 March. The appeal aimed to cover affected communities in Vanuatu, Papua New Guinea, Tuvalu, Solomon Islands and Kiribati. Relief distributions were conducted across five countries and an Operations Update was issued on 10 April.
May-June 2015: Early recovery assessments commenced. Real-time evaluation (RTE) planning and recruitment process started. Plans of action for the five countries were updated based on the assessment findings, resulting in the overall International Appeal revision. Operations Update 2 was issued on 15 May. The International Appeal revision is launched on 17 June, with a budget of CHF 6.8 million.
July-August 2015: Recovery materials arrive in Vanuatu and Kiribati with materials arriving in Tuvalu later the same month. WASH recovery work begins in Vanuatu and Operations Update 3 issued on 21 July. The Real-Time Evaluation is completed in early August. Additional recovery assessments are ongoing in Papua New Guinea, Vanuatu and Tuvalu.
September-October 2015: An estimated 44,7851 people have been assisted across all cyclone-affected countries with direct relief activities. Operations update 4 is published.
November – December 2015: IFRC and French Red Cross sign a Project Cooperation and Funding Agreement, in which the French Red Cross will support the Vanuatu Red Cross in the implementation of the appeal activities in North Tanna. Meanwhile, the WASH cluster has been reactivated due to El Nino response. A total of 900 households have received the Build Back Safer Awareness sessions in West Tanna. The participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation (PHAST) training of trainers (TOT) in Vanuatu has been held. Finally, the Tuvalu Red Cross Society was recognized by Red Cross Movement, and is now officially the 190th registered member of the International Federation.
January - March 2016: A field delegate was recruited to support Tuvalu, Kiribati and Solomon Islands to continue the implementation of activities. A monitoring visit was undertaken by a field delegate to support the development of a consolidated activity plan TC Pam recovery operations and emerging events including the El Nino induced drought event in the western highlands of Papua New Guinea. A first public Federationwide report has been published to mark the first anniversary since the cyclone. This report captures the collective progress, achievements and resources from the Federation members in response to Cyclone Pam. In addition, operations update 5 was published also marking the 12-month mark of the IFRC appeal operation.
April – September 2016: A new IFRC operations manager was appointed in April to end the implementation of the Appeal and to readjust it based on the evolving needs. The budget is revised from CHF 8,492,669 to CHF 8,024,577. The new budget is reflecting the actual budget and not based on decreasing needs. An estimated revised 43,880 people have been assisted across all cyclone-affected countries with direct relief activities. Out of this total number of beneficiaries reached, an estimated 32,713 beneficiaries have also been reached with longer-term recovery services.
The current global implementation of the Appeal is of 76%. The operation end date has been increased by three (3) months until end of September 2017, bringing the operation total length to 30 months. This would allow French Red Cross activities funded by this appeal to be completed. This extension would also allow the TC PAM appeal budget for Papua New Guinea (PNG) to be implemented, as for now TC Pam implementation for PNG will need to be validated once the new IFRC country representative has been officially appointed.
Implementation of activities in Solomon Islands is close to finished. Tuvalu activities are proceeding as planned, and activities in Kiribati are being readjusted as logistical difficulties have caused considerable delays in the implementation of shelter activities.
In Vanuatu, WASH activities in Paama and the Shepherds islands are being implemented as planned and should be completed by December 2016 (these activities include mainly latrines, construction of rainwater catchments and hygiene promotion activities). French Red Cross implementation in Tanna Island will continue until September 2017. Two out of three schools rehabilitations have been completed and work has started for the third one in Emae Island. A new shelter/construction delegate from New Zealand Red Cross (NZRC) has joined the operation and is currently focusing on the school rehabilitation work and institutional preparedness constructions such as warehouses and National Society Headquarter. The community shelter project has been concluded and livelihood activities will enter into their second phase.