GIEWS Country Brief: Uzbekistan 14-December-2012

Report
from Food and Agriculture Organization
Published on 14 Dec 2012 View Original

FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

  • The area planted with winter crops in 2012/13 is forecast to be similar to the good level in the previous year

  • Cereal production in 2012 is estimated to be above the five-year average

  • Import requirements are forecast to decrease significantly

  • Concerns have been raised on food security for people on low incomes

The area planted with winter crops in 2012/13 is forecast to be similar to the good level in the previous year

The sowing of winter crops has been completed satisfactorily. The total area planted with winter cereals is similar to last year’s good level. The trend of increasing areas planted with cereals – by cutting off cotton fields – is expected to continue in spring assuming improved weather conditions.

Cereal production in 2012 is estimated to be above the five-year average

Uzbekistan’s total cereal output is estimated to be above the five-year average in 2012. It has been officially reported that the country has produced around 7.4 million tonnes of cereals, of which 6.7 million tonnes is wheat, reflecting a 8.5 percent increase in yields. Wheat is the main cereal product and represents around 91 percent of total cereal production. The estimated 1.4 million hectares planted with wheat is equal to the area planted in the previous year; over 81 percent of this area is irrigated. Between 50 and 55 percent of the crop is considered to be of milling quality. The remaining 9 percent of cereal crops are made up of barley, rice, and maize, which, except rice, are mainly used for feed.