Ukraine Humanitarian Situation Report #60, 1 January – 30 June 2017
From January to June 2017, increased violence on both sides of the contact line resulted in civilian infrastructure repeatedly damaged in the line of fire. At least 78 water related incidents were reported, 27 more than from January to June in 2016, which threatened access to water for over 1.8 m people including 400,000 children. At least 67 conflict-related civilian deaths and 308 injuries were also reported.
Over 120,000 children living within 5km of both sides of the ‘contact line,’ are continuously exposed to shelling and live in fear of their lives, hiding at least twice a week in bomb shelters.1
UNICEF has reached more than 160,000 children with safe drinking water, 56, ooo children with psychosocial support and 120,000 with access to safe education. UNICEF has also provided uninterrupted life - saving Anti Retro viral Therapy (ART) drugs to more than 11,000 HIV positive people in Non- Government Controlled Areas (NGCAs).
1,000,000 # of children in need, out of
3,800,000 # of people in need (HAC January 2017)
Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs)
219,978 # of children, out of
1, 584,859 # of people registered as IDPs (Ministry of Social Policy, 27 June 2017)
UNICEF Appeal 2017 US$ 31.2 million
Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs
The conflict in Eastern Ukraine continues to threaten the physical safety and emotional well-being of children throughout the eastern region especially the 120,000 living along the ‘contact line.’ In the first half of 2017, the shelling of critical civilian infrastructure resulted in 67 conflict-related civilian deaths and 308 injuries – a 74% increase compared to the same period in 2016.2 Access to the NGCAs for humanitarian partners continues to be a challenge, further aggravating the suffering of the people residing there.
Access to the NGCAs for humanitarian partners continues to be a challenge hence limiting the needed scope and impact of programs for children. Due to the increased violence, the recurring interruption of water services for continuous periods in both Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts put 1.8 million people at risk of water shortage. There were 78 recorded water shelling incidents, 27 more than the same period last year.
In addition, at least 27 educational facilities in GCAs and NCGAs were affected, interrupting schooling for approximately 5,000 children. Other than educating children, schools and kindergartens tend to be the only relatively safe places many children have outside of their homes and the only places that have safe drinking water and heating in the winter.
The conflict continues to endanger the physical and psychological wellbeing of children. Major issues regarding child protection along the contact line include children living in frequently shelled areas, families forced to spend considerable time in makeshift bomb shelters, children making dangerous crossings of the ‘contact line’ to get to school, mines and explosive remnants of war, psychological distress and neglect.
Although the health infrastructure in the GCAs remain largely intact, the quality of medical care has deteriorated due to the conflict. Limited access to preventive medicine and shortages of vaccines for routine immunization pose a significant risk for outbreaks that can have a dire impact on health of children throughout the region. Ukraine currently has the lowest routine immunization rates in the world and from May to June 2017, 800 cases of measles were confirmed.