Ukraine - Humanitarian Response Concept of Operations, 23 February 2017
Due to ongoing instability and conflict in Ukraine since April 2014, areas primarily in the eastern part of the country have experienced a deteriorating humanitarian situation. Heavy shelling and armed conflict has led to significant displacement of people. Unfortunately, political negotiations conducted have not succeeded so far in ending the conflict in eastern Ukraine. The humanitarian crisis is becoming extended, insecurity and humanitarian suffering continue to be a fact of life for many in the east. In the planning figures for the revised Humanitarian Response Plan for 2016, 3.1 million people are estimated to be in need, including 1.6 million internally displaced people (IDPs). As the conflict continues and being even intensified in May-July 2016, the political and security agendas continue to prevail over the humanitarian one. The population in the most affected areas, Donetsk and Luhansk, continue to experience limited or no access to humanitarian aid, including basic life-saving services, and face constant security threats challenging humanitarian operations. The operating environment in those two districts remain volatile, with significant implications on the protection of civilians and aid workers, on the assessment of needs and on the delivery of assistance. Shelling affects infrastructure and hampers road access to deliver humanitarian assistance to people remaining in the conflict zone.
So far, the following Clusters remain to be activated in the country: Education; Shelter & NFIs; Food Security; Health & Nutrition; Protection, WASH, and Logistics Cluster, officially activated on 18 February 2015.