Uganda confirms outbreak of Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever
The Ministry of Health of Uganda has today, Friday 16 August 2013, declared an outbreak of Crimean-Congo Haemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) in Omot sub-county of Agago district in northern Uganda.
The index case, confirmed by the Uganda Virus Research Institute, is a male farmer from Baroma village in Atece Parish in Omot sub-county. He fell ill on 8 August 2013, presenting with high fever, general body weakness, muscle pain and bleeding from some body parts. On 10 August, he was admitted to Kalongo Hospital in Agago district where he is currently receiving treatment. In addition, three people in the affected area have reportedly died with similar symptoms. These deaths are currently being investigated.
In response to the outbreak, the government has reactivated the multi-sectoral, national taskforce on disease outbreaks to ensure effective coordination of response efforts. A multidisciplinary team consisting of animal and human health experts has been deployed to the affected district to support investigation and response to the outbreak. WHO and CDC experts are among the deployed field team. In addition WHO country office has provided funds for the initial response.
CCHF is a viral haemorrhagic fever transmitted to humans through tick bites. It can also be transmitted through contact with the blood of infected animals especially during slaughter. Nosocomial transmission can occur through contaminated medical equipment or body fluid from infected persons.
A CCHF outbreak constitutes a threat to public health. It is associated with high case fatality ratio (10-40%). The disease has the potential for infecting people working in or visiting hospitals.
In relation of this event, WHO does not advise any travel or trade restrictions.
For more information on CCHF see the WHO fact sheet on Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever