IDP News Alert, 19 April 2012
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Uganda: Returning IDPs face further challenges over homeland
Widespread land disputes in northern Uganda are threatening the region’s fragile peace following years of conflict tbetween the government and the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA).
Over the past five years, people have steadily been returning home from some 250 IDP camps throughout the country. Once home, many have found that their land has been illegally occupied by others or that their boundaries have been moved. With foreign companies purchasing land as part of wider regional investment and redevelopment initiatives, ownership rights are often challenged. While there has been an overall decline in poverty, the north still has higher poverty rates than the rest of the country. A new report by the World Bank reveals how the legacy of abductions, violence and internal displacement continue to challenge the health and development of northern communities.
While positive steps are being made in Uganda with regards to internal displacement, at the end of 2011, some 30,000 remain displaced in the north.
See also: IDMC Uganda country page
Disasters: Climate change to increase vulnerabilities of IDPs, says new IPCC report
A groundbreaking report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) highlights the duel complexity of natural disasters associated with climate change; where both the risk of displacement, and subsequent vulnerabilities of affected populations, are heightened.
The report further highlights the link with conflict, saying that: "for people affected by disasters, subsequent displacement and resettlement often constitute a second disaster in their lives". Such individuals face further challenges associated with landlessness, joblessness, homelessness, marginalization, food insecurity, increased morbidity, loss of access to common property resources, and social disarticulation.
See also: IDMC Natural Disasters thematic page