Tajikistan Humanitarian Situation Report 11-31 Aug 1997
Humanitarian staff was temporarily evacuated from the Khatlon area and UN and NGO activities reduced as a result of military activity between various governmental factions mid August. Repatriation operations were temporarily suspended due to security reasons but resumed on 22 August when situation stabilized.
UN helicopter made emergency landing in Komsololabad on 23 August and, on inspection, two bullet holes were discovered on the aircraft. Clashes between Opposition and Ministry of Interior forces occurred in Kofarnikhon area. Restriction on movement for all UN staff along the M41 Dushanbe to Garm road remained in effect.
Relief International reached agreement with UNHCR to begin health monitoring in Nizniy Pianj transit centre and started on 14 August. RI will be present in transit centre on each repatriation day to monitor health care provided by Ministry of Health staff, institute drug distribution, environmental health systems and provide routine checks on water safety, refuse disposal, food safety and general camp hygiene.
Centre for Disease Control, Atlanta, completed mission to examine the municipal drinking water supply in Dushanbe, conduct epidemiologic and laboratory surveillance and evaluate health education and water conservation campaigns. A preliminary report issued.
Two new international NGOs arrived in the country, Mission East and ADRA International. In consultation with the Government and other agencies, they are in the process of exploring areas to start assistance programmes.
Although calm returned to Dushanbe following a period of high tension between 7 and 12 August, instability in the Khatlon region, first in Kurghan Teppe and Kalininabad and then in the Shartuz area, temporarily disrupted food distributions, the repatriation effort and NGO and OSCE activities in the southern part of the country. Following Government advice, UN staff and staff from other agencies were relocated to Dushanbe via Termez, but all programme activities resumed by 25 August. Despite initial reports of looting of substantial food stocks, WFP confirmed that no losses were incurred during the fighting in the area of Kalininabad, where WFP has four warehouses.
Given disturbances, an unclear security situation in the Leninsky and Kofarnikhon area east of Dushanbe and a violation of the GOT/UTO cease-fire, the M41 road between Dushanbe and Garm continued to be off limits for UN staff. Nonetheless, GAA was able to continue its agricultural programme along the Karategin Valley and UNOPS continued implementation of various rehabilitation projects in Garm. ICRC activities remained suspended in Garm and Tavildara.
On 26 August, the Government of Uzbekistan acceded to the Protocol on Guarantees of the Implementation of the General Agreement which had been agreed in Tehran on 28 May. High level visits to Tajikistan over the period included US State Senator Robb and the US Ambassador to the UN, Mr. Richardson.
Food Aid and Logistics
Aga Khan Foundation reports that, as at the end August, through its emergency food programme for Gorno Badakhshan, 18,300 MTs of wheat flour, 4,000 MTs of pulses, 1,500 MTs of vegetable oil, 1,000 MTs of milk powder and 216 MTs of sugar have been delivered in 1997. In addition, quantities of petrol, iodized salt and soap have been delivered.
Relief International reports that it has initiated an agro-credit goat programme in Kabodian and Shartuz districts. The project is targeted mainly at women heads of households grouped in four villages, who will be trained in animal husbandry, health issues and community development. Each beneficiary has received three milk goats and is expected to return three offspring within the first year which will then be used to expand the group of beneficiaries.
Orphans Refugees Aid (ORA) activities in the first half of 1997 concentrated on basic relief needs (food, clothing, medicines, toys and shoes) to support orphans in 28 school-internats in various regions including Dushanbe, Khatlon, and Garm, in cooperation with the Ministry of Education. ORA included internats in Yavan, Bokhtar, Kumsangir and Shartuz as new beneficiary institutions as well as the home for mentally handicapped children in Dushanbe. ORA also initiated during the same period food production activities in 6 of these school internats, a vocational training project at 4 school internats (in cooperation with TEAR Fund UK) and child sponsorship programmes at school internats in Kuibisev, Vakhsh, Kolhozabad, Ghissar Polo, Leninsky Deaf and Shar-in-nau. ORAs goals for the second half of the year are to continuing providing basic assistance to children in the internats while promoting self-sufficiency through agricultural production and vocational training. Sponsorship assistance will be aimed at upgrading living conditions and education.
Médecins Sans Frontières France reports that, during the period January to June 1997, it continued to provide medical assistance in Gorno Badakshan Autonomous Oblast and carry out its mother and child health programme in Kolhozabad district in Khatlon. In GBAO, MSF-France distributed essential drugs to health structures (district hospitals, local hospitals, ambulatories and village medical points) in six out of the eight districts. Pharmaciens sans Frontières had responsibility for the supply of drugs in the two other districts, Khorog and Ishkashim. Support was given to immunization activities (mass immunization campaigns in the districts of Vanch, Rushan and Khorog), micro-nutrient supplementing correspond to the deficience of vitamin D and A and information and training courses.
In Kolkhozabad, during the same period, MSF-F carried out rehabilitation work in the gynecological, polyclinic maternity and pediatric hospitals, and in the Kalenine and Tashrabad sub-hospitals. This included latrine construction, installation of water distribution systems and chlorination procedures. Complementary essential drugs and training for general practitioners and pediatricians focussing on target diseases (watery diarrhoea, dysentery, typhoid fever and malnutrition) were provided.
UNHCR issued an appeal early August totaling USD 9.7 million to cover the cost of the return and initial reintegration of some 2,500 refugees, mostly from northern Afghanistan over the next 18 months. During weeks 33 to 35, 1,223 Tajik refugees were repatriated via Njany Pianj:
306 (Vakhsh - 148, Kolkhozabad - 20, Kumsangir - 21, Bokhtar - 115, Pianj - 2)
303 (Vakhsh - 168, Kumsangir - 27, Pianj - 107, Dushanbe- 1)
317 (Vakhsh - 149, Kolkhozabad - 4, Kumsangir - 22, Bokhtar - 138, Dushanbe- 4)
297 (Vakhsh - 6, Kolkhozabad - 11, Bokhtar - 229, Jilikul - 12, Kurghan Teppe - 37, Dushanbe-2).
United Nations Office - Dunshanbe
Mr. Paolo Lembo - Resident Coordinator
Ms. Sarah Longford
Tel.: (0073772) 23 05 86
Fax: (0073772) 21 03 89
E-Mail: dha @ taj.freenet.kiev.ua
Inter-Agency Support Branch (IASB) -
Mr. David Bassiouni - Chief
Ms. Sylvia Ferazzi
Tel.: (41 22) 788.1402
Fax: (41 22) 788.6386
Registry E-Mail: Rosemary.Addo-Yirenkyi@dha.unicc.org
Complex Emergency Division (CED) - New
Mr David Chikvaidze
Tel.: (1 212) 963.9665
Fax: (1 212) 963.1388
Press to contact (DHA-Geneva)
Ms. Madeleine Moulin-Acevedo
Tel.: (41 22) 917.2856
Fax: (41 22) 917.0023
Telex: 414242 DHA CH