Tajikistan Food Security Bulletin: No. 12, December 2012
The Food Security Monitoring System (FSMS) provides a seasonal snapshot of food insecurity in rural Tajikistan by analyzing data from 665 households and 475 key informants across 19 livelihood/geographical zones. The FSMS data signals incidents of critical food insecurity and malnutrition.
• High food prices driven by high import prices due to harvest failures in Kazakhstan and high fuel costs remain the main food security concern. The price of wheat flour increased by 26 percent compared with the fall last year and fuel prices remain as high as in 2011, when they reached the record high levels.
• Despite increasing food prices, the food security situation has generally improved compared to previous years. Impacts have been mitigated through record levels of remittances and a favourable agricultural season in Tajikistan.
• Despite improving trends, food insecurity remains of concern: 22% percent of households remain severely or moderately food insecure. Fifteen percent of households have poor or borderline food consumption and many households continue to use high risk coping strategies to meet their basic needs. The share of food expenditures as a percentage of overall spending remained very high (66%).
• Households that are not benefitting from remittances or engaged in agricultural production face a double burden as they find it increasingly difficult to withstand the impacts of increasing food and fuel prices.