Syria Humanitarian Dashboard, 10 October 2012
Main drivers and features of the crisis: Armed conflict, insecurity, lack of respect for International Humanitarian Law, including indiscriminate assaults on densely populated civilian neighbourhoods, use of imprecise and indiscriminate weapons, extra-judicial summary executions of civilians, arbitrary arrests, enforced disappearances and torture.
Recent trend: The security situation continues to deteriorate as conflict spreads to heavily populated areas in the country’s two largest cities – Aleppo and Damascus - and also in the city of Al-Raqqah, in north-central Syria, as well as to the border with Turkey. Increasing numbers of people are displaced both internally and across borders.
Refugee numbers have tripled since June, peaking during August and September.
Impact: The violence has led to the killing of thousands of men, women, and children, some deliberately targeted, whilst others have been killed due to the use of explosive weapons in densely populated areas. Countless homes, clinics, hospitals and other essential infrastructure such as water and sanitation systems have been destroyed or severely damaged. Large-scale displacement is resulting in overcrowded shelters with insufficient sanitary facilities. Host communities’ capacity to support is being stretched and in many locations they are themselves facing food, medicine and water shortages.
Blockades and curfews imposed on cities facing hostilities have prevented residents from obtaining water, food and medical care.
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.