Sudan: Population Movement Emergency Appeal n° MDRSD024

This Emergency Appeal is launched on a preliminary basis and seeks a total of 4,184,769 Swiss francs to enable the IFRC to support the Sudanese Red Crescent Society (SRCS) deliver assistance and support 63,540 people (South Sudanese refugees) for 12 months. The response will focus on the following areas of interventions: health; water sanitation and hygiene (WASH); shelter (including Household non-food items); and National Society capacity building. The planned response reflects the current situation and information available at this time of the evolving operation, and will be adjusted based on further detailed assessments and further analysis.

The crisis and the Red Cross Red Crescent response to date

  • December 2013: Mass population movement influx to Sudan following the conflict in South Sudan from Northern Bahr El Gazal, Unity and Upper Nile states.

  • July 2016: Conflict continues in Juba between two rival groups with the exodus of refugees into neighboring countries continuing at an alarming rate.

  • February 2017: UN declares famine in part of South Sudan especially in the northern part bordering Sudan resulting in new population movement influx in to Sudan. UNHCR and partners took part in an interagency needs assessment mission to verify arrival figures and assess the situation on the ground at the reception centres.

  • February – May 2017: The SRCS is closely monitoring the influx of population and working with UNHCR to address programming needs in White Nile state, Sudan. 15 May 2017: The IFRC launches an Emergency Appeal for 4,184,769 Swiss francs, to enable the delivery of assistance to 63,540 people.

The operational strategy

Background

Roughly 4.8 million South Sudanese face severe food insecurity, and more than two million are displaced by conflict. The conflict in South Sudan has further intensified since July 2016, with the exodus of refugees into neighbouring countries continuing at an alarming rate, generating Africa’s largest refugee crisis. There has been a steady arrival of South Sudanese refugees mostly into East Darfur, South Darfur, White Nile, West Kurdufan and South Kurdufan states.

Alarmingly, more than one-third of the total population in South Sudan are food insecure and the prevalence of global acute malnutrition (GAM) has reached above the 15 percent emergency threshold in seven of ten states, and is approximately double the emergency threshold in Unity and Northern Bahr el-Ghazal states. The country has also suffered a cholera outbreak for the third consecutive year.1 The Government of Sudan has maintained an open border policy, allowing safe and unrestricted access to its territory for those fleeing the conflict in South Sudan, and has ensured their immediate protection and safety within its borders. Since 1 January 2017, over 30,973 refugees have arrived in Sudan, which exceeds average arrival trends observed in January through March in 2014-2016.With the ongoing conflict and food insecurity in South Sudan, more than 351,0482 South Sudanese refugees have arrived in Sudan since the start of the conflict in December 2013.

Thus, this Emergency Appeal is launched to enable IFRC to support SRCS in its emergency response. The SRCS had conducted needs assessment in all states receiving South Sudanese refugees and assessed the overall gaps of humanitarian support needed. Based on the assessments, the appeal interventions focus on emergency needs and reducing immediate vulnerabilities through interventions in Health including Psychosocial Support (PSS), WASH, Emergency Shelter and Settlement (including household items) and National Society capacity building. The activities are targeting the most affected people, mostly new refugee arrivals due to the ongoing conflict and food insecurity in South Sudan. In this appeal, 12,708 households (63,540 people) are targeted.3 Current