Sudan: Inter-Agency Operational Update: South Sudanese refugee response, 1-28 February 2017

Report
from UN High Commissioner for Refugees
Published on 28 Feb 2017 View Original

KEY FIGURES

35,845 Number of South Sudanese refugees who have arrived in Sudan in 2017.

2017 new refugee arrivals by state

White Nile 9,702 (27%)

South Kordofan 8,665 (24%)

East Darfur 7,275 (20%)

West Kordofan 7,170 (20%)

South Darfur 3,033 (9%)

332,885 Number of South Sudanese refugees who arrived in Sudan since December 2013.

FUNDING US$ 166.65 million Inter-agency funding requirements for activities under the RRRP 2017

US$ 3.16 million Received by 11 appealing agencies, as of 10 February 2017. 2% funded Funding gap: US$ 163.5 million

PRIORITIES

  • Coordination of collaborative, inter-agency assistance to new arrivals in South Kordofan.

  • Completion of biometric registration at the Kario site in East Darfur.

  • State-level contingency planning for a increased influx of refugees into Sudan in 2017.

OPERATIONAL CONTEXT

Nearly 25,000 South Sudanese refugees arrived in Sudan in February, for a total of over 35,000 refugees arriving so far in 2017. It is now estimated that over 332,000 refugees have fled to Sudan since December 2013. UNHCR was expecting up to 60,000 new arrivals in Sudan in 2017; however, the rate of new arrivals has surpassed initial expectations.
In White Nile, the expansion of the Al Waral II, Al Redis II and Um Sangour sites is underway in anticipation of an increasing influx over the coming months. On 3 February, clashes close to Sudan forced the evacuation of the Al Kuek North border point. Approximately 900 people were transported to safety at the Um Sangour site. A new entry point has been established at Um Jelala, about 10 km from the border, where temporary registration of new arrivals was resumed by the Sudan Red Crescent Society (SRCS). SRCS is providing new arrivals with hot meals, water, medical assistance and nutrition screening. The refugees are then transferred to a refugee site, where they are biometrically registered by UNHCR and non-food items (NFIs) and shelter arrangements are made.
An inter-agency rapid assessment mission was conducted 21-27 February to assess the needs of refugees newly arrived to the El Amira reception centre and several settlements near El Leri, a remote area with limited access of humanitarian partners in South Kordofan. The mission met with local authorities, line ministries, host communities and refugee community leaders in Dar-Bati, Um Kawaro, and Elgoghb, and learned that the new arrivals are mostly from Upper Nile state in South Sudan, having entered Sudan on foot. Refugees are in urgent need of food, health and WASH services and NFIs. The majority of new arrivals were reported to be women, children and elderly persons with Shilluk ethnicity, with some Dinka who usually move onwards to other areas in Sudan, including Khartoum and White Nile. The mission identified 719 unaccompanied and separated children (UASC) among the new arrivals. Over 1,000 persons with special needs (PWSNs) have been identified, and vulnerability assessments are planned.
While the relationship between the refugees and host communities in the El Leri area are good, there does exist potential for friction over scarce local water resources in Dar-Bati. UNHCR began the distribution of 1,000 NFI kits to new arrivals. WFP dispatched emergency rations to cover the needs of both new arrivals and the pre-existing caseload. UNICEF is providing temporary water trucking to El Amira reception centre and El Leri for the next 45 days, while partners explore a more sustainable solution to local water shortages for refugees, which will also serve host community members who have shared available water in the area to date.
An inter-agency mission to Al Lait, North Darfur was conducted 12-16 February to determine the profile of 19,531 refugees who have resided across ten different locations since May 2016. Through field visits to hosting villages and discussions with community leaders, agencies learned that the refugees are from Northern Bahr Gazal, South Sudan and transited to North Darfur through West Kordofan. The host communities are sharing resources with the refugees; however, facilities are overstretched and require urgent multi-sector interventions including shelter and NFIs, food, health, nutrition, WASH, protection and livelihoods. The initial assessment indicates that the refugees, host community and local authorities would prefer community-based assistance with support to host communities. An inter-agency response plan is being developed. In the meantime, WFP will revisit Al Lait in mid-March to begin general food distribution, and UNHCR will conduct Level 1 (household) registration and distribute emergency shelters (ES) and NFIs.