Sudan: Humanitarian Needs Overview 2016 [EN/AR]
Humanitarian Needs & Key Figures
This document reflects a first attempt to identify the needs of people based on their vulnerabilities. In particular, rather than assuming that all Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) are in need because they are displaced, only vulnerable IDPs have been considered. The main humanitarian needs in Sudan result from several factors. New and protracted displacement due to conflict affects access to basic services and disrupts the livelihoods and food security of many people. Acute malnutrition in children under the age of 5 is above emergency thresholds in different areas across the country. Refugees continue to cross into Sudan seeking protection and assistance, stretching already limited resources in host communities. Some 4.6 million food insecure people are in need of assistance and the El Niño meteorological events could push an additional 1.2 million people into food insecurity, bringing the total number of people in need of food and agriculture assistance to 5.8 million people.
1. Basic services for internally displaced people
2015 saw fewer people displaced in Darfur than previous years. However, Darfur remains an epicenter of large scale protracted displacement. Since 2011, tens of thousands of people are displaced in the Two Areas of Blue Nile and South Kordofan, and Abyei. Most IDPs are unable to meet their basic needs independently. The Government of Sudan (GoS) estimates that 2.2 million people are displaced in conflict-affected areas. The UN and partners estimate that a further half a million displaced people live in host communities and settlements in Darfur. Armed movements in the Two Areas estimate that an additional 545,000 people are displaced in areas under their control.
2. Food insecurity
Ongoing conflict in Darfur and in the Two Areas has meant that arable lands in some food-producing areas cannot be accessed and that, even when crops can be grown, inadequate transport infrastructure has prevented access to markets. In 2016, some 4.6 million people are living at crisis or emergency levels of food insecurity, according to government Food Security Technical Secretariat (FSTS) estimates. It is expected that El Niño will increase the scope and gravity of these humanitarian needs.
3. Acute malnutrition in children
According to the Ministry of Health, of the 2 million children suffering from wasting (Global Acute Malnutrition, GAM) annually in Sudan, some 550,000 suffer from Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM).
In 2015, 54 out 184 localities and 7 out of the 18 states have a malnutrition prevalence of above 15 per cent, which is above the emergency threshold as per WHO standards.
4. Influx of refugees
According to the government, since December 2013 approximately 352,740 South Sudanese have sought safety and protection in Sudan, of whom nearly 195,000 have been registered. Until there is a political solution in South Sudan, this number is likely to continue to grow. About 84 per cent of the new arrivals are women and children. In eastern Sudan, the humanitarian response for 93,965 refugees and asylum-seekers has stretched resources, increasing pressure on the government and humanitarian partners. In 2015, there was an average of 1,069 new arrivals per month with peaks of 2,000 individuals during the summer.
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