Sudan - Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #5, Fiscal Year (FY) 2011
· Clashes that began on June 6 in Southern Kordofan State between the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) and forces loyal to the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) displaced up to 73,000 people, according to unconfirmed estimates reported by the U.N. Artillery shelling and aerial bombardments continued near Kadugli town as of July 12, while aerial bombardments continued in other areas of Southern Kordofan State as of July 15, according to the U.N. Local staff members of international non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and U.N. agencies continue to assess humanitarian needs and provide emergency food and relief assistance to internally displaced persons (IDPs) in accessible areas of Southern Kordofan. However, insecurity and access restrictions have severely constrained the ability of relief organizations to assess needs and deliver relief supplies.
· On June 20, the Government of Sudan (GoS) and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) reached a temporary administrative agreement on Abyei Area, which included a provision to establish a U.N.-backed peacekeeping mission in Abyei Area. The U.N. Security Council authorized the U.N. Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA) on June 27. UNISFA’s mandate includes facilitating the delivery of humanitarian aid, ensuring the free movement of humanitarian personnel, and protecting civilians.
· Thousands of southerners in northern Sudan continue to await transport to South Sudan from the Kosti way station in White Nile State, as well as from departure points in and around Khartoum. On July 6, the GoS confirmed a nine-month transition period for southerners remaining in northern Sudan, according to the Office of the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). More than 358,000 individuals returned to South Sudan and the Three Areas of Abyei, Southern Kordofan, and Blue Nile between October 30, 2010, and July 5, 2011, according to U.N. agencies. USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) continues to support the sustainable reintegration of returnees into host communities upon arrival in South Sudan.
· USAID/OFDA and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) continue to support initiatives across Sudan that address the immediate needs of conflict-affected individuals—including populations affected by the recent fighting in Southern Kordofan and Abyei Area, as well as populations in Darfur and eastern Sudan—and build the foundation for long-term recovery. USAID/OFDA has committed more than $96.2 million to date in FY 2011 for agriculture and food security, economic recovery and market systems, health, nutrition, protection, shelter, and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) activities, as well as humanitarian coordination and logistics support, in Sudan. USAID/FFP has committed $81.2 million to date in FY 2011 to provide life-saving food assistance to vulnerable and conflict-affected communities in Darfur and the Three Areas.