OCHA Sudan Sitrep No. 4: 8 Aug 2003
1. The level of the Gash river in Kassala remains high. More rain has fallen in the area. Despite efforts by local authorities to reinforce the banks of the river, water is reportedly collecting in the town again.
2. A significant increase in cases of diarrhoea is reported by health workers, with 128 cases being reported in one day, compared to about one third of that figure a few days ago. A cumulative total of 860 cases is reported since 4 August. The Red Crescent warns of the danger of cholera, which broke out after the 1998 floods.
3. The Kassala water supply system is largely repaired and is estimated to be operating at 70% capacity. The population without access to the piped supply is served by water trucks and shuttles of jerry cans.
4. Few people are now sleeping outdoors. Most affected people are being accommodated by neighbours and relatives for the time being.
5. WFP and partners have completed a detailed assessment and targetting of households urgently in need of food assistance. Food distribution has started. Today (8 August), food (cereals and oil) should be distributed to 4,525 people or 905 households in Kassala city.
6. The hospital is partly reopened for medical and paediatric cases, while surgical cases are referred to the military hospital.
7. More detailed reports of damage to infrastructure are becoming available. UNICEF reports that 86 schools have been damaged (70 of which, severely).
8. The Ministry of Health started insecticide spraying in limited areas. The plan is to start the spraying of households with fogging machines today.
Other flood-affected areas
9. HAC has called a meeting in Khartoum on Sunday 10 August to discuss rapid assessments in other flooded areas. The Ministry of Health/Civil Defence estimates 50,000 people may be affected in 20 settlements across the country.
10. Environmental health measures to counter diarrhoea, mosquito breeding and disease outbreaks need to be strengthened.
11. Rehabilitation of latrines to counter health risks cannot start until the ground has become less water-logged.
12. A general meeting of all concerned stakeholders in one forum yesterday improved coordination between agencies and governmental authorities. Figures of flood-affected households were accepted as follows: severely affected: 7,515 households; moderately affected households: 6,022. An estimate of five persons per household gives a figure of 67,685 directly affected people in Kassala city.
13. The UN expects additional staff under the UNDAC framework to arrive early next week to support relief and coordination efforts in Kassala and other flood-affected areas.
Response: resources required and delivered
14. DFID has pledged $150,000 for health and sanitation activities to be implemented by GOAL. The first of two USAID-funded flights arrived today containing relief items also to be channelled through GOAL arrived today.
15. Japan has pledged goods valued at 20.5 million yen (about $172,000) including tents, plastic sheeting, blankets, generators and water tanks to the Government of Sudan.
16. UNICEF has supplied 1,000 plastic sheets, 200,000 chlorine tablets, 100 cartons of BP5 biscuits, over 6,000 mosquito nets in addition to other water and sanitation supplies such as soap, buckets and jerry cans. UNICEF targets 20,000 beneficiaries with immediate water and sanitation support. Also, UNICEF has delivered essential drugs to cover about 25,000 additional persons over a 3-month period. Clinics managed by the government, the Red Crescent, GOAL and Islamic NGOs have been supplied.
17. The UN agencies are preparing a consolidated flash appeal for Kassala and other flood-affected areas to be completed in the coming days.
18. Islamic Relief has pledged 10,000 Euros.
19. The IFRC appeal released on 5 August totalled US$1.41 million (this corrects a figure given in situation report 2). The appeal outlines support to 140,000 people for three months. An initial 200,000 Swiss Francs from the Federation's Disaster Relief Emergency Fund was allocated to begin assistance. The Federation plans to airlift 101 MT of relief goods into Kassala including 32,000 blankets, 800 rolls of plastic sheeting, 1,600 jerry cans and soap.
20. Contacts: Office of the UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator: Guadalupe de Sousa: +249 12308703 (firstname.lastname@example.org); media and information: Ben Parker +249 1230 6469 (email@example.com)
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.