Floods and Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #3, Fiscal Year (FY) 2011
Note: The last Sri Lanka Floods and Complex Emergency Fact Sheet was dated March 4, 2011.
· More than 373,000 conflict-affected individuals had returned to home areas in Northern Province as of May 13, according to the U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). Between April 1 and May 13, approximately 1,140 internally displaced persons (IDPs) departed the Manik Farm and Kodikamam Ramavil camps for home areas in Mullaitivu and Kilinochchi districts in Northern Province, according to the Government of Sri Lanka (GoSL).
· Monsoon rains in May caused flooding and landslides in southwestern Sri Lanka, affecting more than 17,000 individuals as of May 29 in Kegalle, Galle, Gampaha, Colombo, and Kalutara districts, according to the GoSL.
· Widespread food insecurity exists in Northern and Eastern provinces, as reported in a comprehensive food security assessment of five post-conflict districts in northern Sri Lanka and five flood-affected districts in eastern and central Sri Lanka conducted by the U.N. World Food Program (WFP), GoSL Ministry of Economic Development, and Hector Kobbekaduwa Agrarian Research and Training Institute. The assessment cited poorly developed livelihoods, lack of employment opportunities, high food prices, and delayed and insufficient livelihoods interventions as reasons for food insecurity. Reduced food assistance has resulted in deteriorations in food intake, particularly in Kilinochchi District.
· U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for South and Central Asian Affairs Robert O. Blake visited USAID-supported programs in northern Sri Lanka in May. During the trip, Blake visited water pump locations in Kilinochchi District that are part of a $5 million USAID/Sri Lanka project conducted in partnership with the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) to support recently resettled families in northern districts through agriculture livelihoods recovery activities.
· From May 4 to 14, a USAID/OFDA Regional Advisor (RA) for South Asia traveled to Sri Lanka to visit USAID/OFDA-funded early recovery programs in Northern and Eastern provinces. The RA visited projects carried out by local non-governmental organization (NGO) partners Sarvodaya and Sewalanka that support economic asset restoration, cash-for-work (CFW), and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) activities.
· To date in FY 2011, USAID/OFDA has provided approximately $2.6 million in response to the complex emergency in Sri Lanka, including $2.4 million in new funding since March 4.