South Sudan Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 4 | 10 March 2017

HIGHLIGHTS

• More than 338,000 people in Leer, Mayendit, Koch and Panyijiar have received humanitarian assistance since localized famine was declared in Leer and Mayendit in South Sudan.

• Cholera cases have been confirmed in Malakal town, bringing the number of counties affected countrywide to 14.

• Heavy clashes between armed groups in Jonglei’s Uror and Nyirol counties forced thousands of civilians to flee.

• New displacement and humanitarian needs continue to be reported in the Greater Equatoria region as a result of ongoing fighting and insecurity.

UN Relief Chief appeals for funds and access

Concluding a two-day visit to South Sudan, on 4-5 March 2017, the Under-SecretaryGeneral for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, Stephen O’Brien, called for immediate and unhindered access to people in need of aid and urgent funding for the humanitarian appeal.

“I visited Ganyiel, where I met with people who had fled fighting, fear and famine in Leer and Mayendit, as well as hunger and insecurity in Lakes,” said the Emergency Relief Coordinator. “An elderly woman walked for days through swamps from Leer, with her tenmonth-old grandson on her back, after they were separated from the rest of their family during fighting. Her grandson is now receiving treatment for severe acute malnutrition.
We urgently need additional funding to scale up, sustain and expand life-saving assistance and protection across all of South Sudan.”

By July 2017, the humanitarian community estimates that 5.5 million will be severely food insecure. “This is only the beginning of the lean season and, sadly, things could get much, much worse in the months ahead,” said Mr. O’Brien. “We desperately need the fighting to stop. We need calm to prevail now so that we can consistently reach people in dire need, and prevent further catastrophe.”

During his two-day visit, Mr. O’Brien also met with humanitarian partners and Government officials. “The root cause of this suffering is conflict,” he said. “People have been displaced, brutalised and raped. They have been attacked when they sought out assistance.
This must stop, and it must stop now.”

Read more: Press Release- http://bit.ly/2mTTJXx

Famine response ramps up

More than 338,000 people in Leer, Mayendit, Koch and Panyijiar have received humanitarian assistance since localized famine was declared in Leer and Mayendit in South Sudan on 20 February, as humanitarian organizations scale-up the provision of food and emergency livelihoods assistance, nutritional supplements, health services, and water, sanitation and hygiene.

Some 100,000 people are facing starvation in Leer and Mayendit counties, while a further 1 million people are classified as being on the brink of famine across South Sudan, according to the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) analysis. Famine is considered likely to spread to Koch County and can only be avoided in Panyijiar County if humanitarian assistance is consistently delivered as planned. An estimated 1 million children across the country are acutely malnourished. Humanitarian organizations are using a combination of mobile and static responses to reach people in the hardest-hit areas, including deploying rapid response teams. This week, an inter-agency team has deployed to some of the most remote islands to implement nutrition, health and protection programming.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.