South Sudan Crisis Situation Report No. 44 (as of 10 July 2014)
● South Sudan and Sudan have signed a memorandum of understanding allowing for the cross border transport of humanitarian assistance through Sudan.
● There were reports of new displacements this week in Jonglei, Unity, and Upper Nile.
● About 113,000 previously internally displaced people have returned to their homes, mostly to Unity State, with smaller-scale returns recorded in Northern Bahr El Ghazal and Jonglei.
● The onset of the rainy season was complicating the delivery of humanitarian aid, with many roads now impassable.
An estimated 1.1 million people were internally displaced by violence and hunger, and about 400,000 had fled to neighboring countries. Assessments showed more than twice as many people - some 37,000 - in need in Nhialdiu,
Unity State, compared to last week. There were reports of some 32,000 people in need of assistance in Kaldak and Khorfulus, Pigi County. While some people have reportedly returned home – notably to Unity State, but also to Jonglei and Northern Bahr El Ghazal – they represent only about 7.5 per cent of the people still displaced inside and outside the country. Those returning home are going to areas with limited access to services, and still face shortages of basic services food and supplies, particularly as the planting season has been missed in many areas.
Overall, the situation was tense, including surrounding Independence Day on 9 July, but no major incidents were reported to date. With the rainy season, cholera and other waterborne disease were of concern in sites where displaced people are living and among other vulnerable groups, including in harder-to-reach areas. As of 9 July, a total of 3,152 cholera cases including 70 deaths (representing a case fatality rate of 2.3 per cent) have been reported throughout the country with Juba and Torit counties ongoing areas of concern . In Wau Shilluk, Upper Nile State, the cumulative number of registered cholera cases reached 652, with 17 deaths. Currently 207 patients are undergoing treatment. Hepatitis E in the Mingkaman displacement site is a concern with 11 new cases recorded this week.
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