South Sudan Conflict: Sub-regional Funding Priorities, 31 July 2014
As of 31 July, 2014, the escalation of armed conflict in South Sudan, which began in December 2013, has resulted in the death of thousands, the displacement within the country of more than 1.1 million people, and the cross-border displacement of an additional 431,045 people who have fled to the neighbouring countries of Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan, and Uganda. 3 The number of new South Sudanese refugees is expected to almost double by year end. 4 Women and children comprise an unusually high percentage of newly arrived South Sudanese refugees, including 90 per cent in Ethiopia and 87 per cent in Uganda. In Kenya, 71 per cent of newly arrived refugees are children. More than 11,700 refugee children across the region are unaccompanied and separated, requiring special protection and care. High levels of malnutrition and poor health conditions have been reported among newly arrived refugee children across all receiving countries, and there is growing concern of a potential cholera outbreak for camp-based refugees, with a risk of cross border transmission from cholera cases in South Sudan.
Since the beginning of the crisis, UNICEF has been working closely with host governments, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), and other partners to support South Sudanese refugee women and children who have fled to Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan and Uganda. In addition to providing for their basic needs in the sectors of health, nutrition and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), UNICEF is supporting the scale-up of programmes to provide psychosocial support and other child protection interventions, and to create educational opportunities that promote peace building. In addition, UNICEF continues to leverage its regular programmes in the sub-region to provide support to vulnerable host communities.
In line with the revised inter-agency contingency planning process,5 UNICEF has updated its humanitarian response plan and financial requirements to address the escalating refugee crisis. UNICEF is appealing for US$67.3 million to meet the needs of South Sudanese refugee women and children through the end of 2014. As of 31 July 2014, US$17 million, or 25 per cent of requirements have been received. UNICEF is grateful for the contributions to date, and is appealing for additional urgently required funds to enable an effective scaled-up response to the plight of South Sudanese refugees across the sub-region.