Shelter-NFI Post Distribution Monitoring Collective Centers: June 30-July 4 2016 - Bentiu, Unity State November 2016
Needs: The Bentiu Protection of Civilian site (PoC) in Unity State is the largest PoC site in the country, with a population of 120,333 internally displaced persons (IDPs), as of November 30, 2016.1 During the time of distribution, there was ongoing displacement in Bentiu and Rubkona towns, causing higher influx in the IDP population within the area. Due to limited space of the PoCs, new IDPs have settled in abandoned marketplaces and occupied government facilities and shops within Bentiu and Rubkona towns. The new IDPs have sought refuge in alternative locations within the towns in close proximity to the PoC. These newly displaced individuals were targeted during the assessment and assisted with distribution of shelter and NFI materials.
Beneficiaries: IDPs displaced in Bentiu town originated from towns including Koch, Leer, Mayendit, Guit, Mayom, Panyijiar, and Rubkona. IDPs identified the insecurity from the conflict, food insecurity and lack of services as the primary reasons for traveling to Bentiu town. In June and July 2016, 843 households, comprising 5,807 individuals were provided with Shelter and non-food item (NFI) materials in Rubkona market, Kalabalek market, Suk Shabi, Suk Sita, Suk Fransa, the Red Cross and schools within the town.
See Annex 1
Distribution: The International Organization for Migration (IOM) and Concern Worldwide (Concern) conducted a distribution from June 30 to July 4, 2016 in response to a previous needs and verification assessment completed in May 2016. The materials distributed were:
Mosquito Nets (1)
Plastic Sheets (2)
Rubber Ropes (5)
Nylon Ropes (1)
Bundles of Bamboo (2)
Wooden Poles (6)
Post Distribution Monitoring (PDM): IOM and Concern conducted a PDM assessment during November 2016 targeting the population who received shelter and NFI materials during the July distribution. Information was collected through household survey questionnaires and focus group discussions targeting those who received the distributed items. The information from this PDM will be used to make informed decisions and improve future S/NFI distributions and response in South Sudan.
Lack of Land provision: Approximately 15% of IDPs were unable to construct their shelters due to uncertainty of land allocation. A communication gap exists between the Relief and Rehabilitation Commission (RRC) and IDP leadership; This has resulted in IDPs still living in collective centers.
Inadequate Assessment Methodology: the assessment methodology only focused on needs and did not take into account a holistic approach of identifying underlying causes.
Quality of the framing materials: IDPs also mentioned the bamboo they received were infected by termites and have lost structural integrity.
IDPs provided with S-NFI materials had their materials looted: When fighting broke out in Juba, Central Equatoria in July 2016, some IDPs residing in Bentiu town feared the violence would spread to the other states and fled to the Bentiu PoC. Upon return, many found that their S/NFI materials had been looted.
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