IOM Regional Response to South Sudan Crisis, External Sitrep 25 – 31 August 2014
South Sudan: Peace is in sight as warring leaders sign ceasefire deal.
Ethiopia: IOM has moved a total of 171,794 refugees from both Gambella and Benishangul-Gumuz regions, since December 2013.
Uganda: IOM has supported 2,897 households with WASH sensitization and latrine construction.
Sudan: IOM has tracked and registered 47,008 South Sudanese Refugees since the onset of the crisis.
On 26 August South Sudan’s warring leaders signed a ceasefire deal vowing to end more than eight months of conflict. The Inter-governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) bloc, which mediated the talks between two protagonists, called on the leaders to forge a unity government within 45 days. So far, 1.3 million individuals are displaced within South Sudan as a result of violence. Thirteen humanitarian aid workers have been killed in South Sudan since the conflict began in December 2013. Preliminary analysis of food security in conflict-affected areas shows that the situation remains dire, but has not worsened. According to projections by humanitarian actors, famine is not expected this year. A total of 5,868 cholera cases and 130 deaths have been reported with a case fatality ratio of 2.19%, which is above the emergency threshold.
The security situation in Bentiu, Unity State deteriorated during this reporting period. Recent cases of violence have led to the suspension of humanitarian flights and escalated tension in Protection of Civilian (PoC) sites. Poor living conditions, flooding, and personal safety are the greatest concerns for IDPs in Bentiu PoC. In Malakal, Upper Nile State, troop movements were reported during this reporting period raising fears of potential clashes. In Lakes State, the security situation remained calm but tense. There was a reported increase by IDPs in criminal cases ranging from revenge attacks, gender-based-violence, and cattle raids throughout the state. Due to heavy rains, some 200 trucks belonging to humanitarian actors transporting food are stranded in the roads.
In Sudan, 93,415 South Sudanese refugees have entered the country since the crisis begun (SourceSource: UNHCR Sitrep, 29 August). IOM has tracked and registered 47,008 refugees since the onset of the crisis. During this reporting period, IOM tracked 472 South Sudanese refugees arriving from White Nile to Jabal Walia. All arrivals during this reporting period were tracked by the IOM hub in Jabal Awlia and no South Sudan Sudanese refugees were registered in South or West Kordofan.
In Ethiopia, IOM has assisted 169,888 South Sudanese refugees in Gambella and 1,906 in Benishangul Gumuz entry points since the conflict broke out in mid-December 2013.
During this reporting period, 601 South Sudanese refugees entered Uganda via the Elegu and Kiryandongo border points with an average of 56 refugees arriving daily. As of 29 August, 124,321 South Sudanese refugees have crossed into the country since the onset of the crisis (Source: UNHCR Sitrep, 29 August). The refugees continue to be hosted in refugee settlements in Adjumani, Kiryandongo and Arua districts.
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